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Families in developing and pre-literate societies are extended; families in industrial societies are nuclear

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The advent of industrialization has led to the gradual change in the family types of society. The older, more traditional, extended family has developed into the modern nuclear family and the reasons for this change must be discussed for one to obtain a better understanding of this transition. The extended family is that family type where other family members such as the aunts and uncles hold almost as much responsibility in the upbringing of a child as the actual parents do, but this is not as far as the extended family goes. This family type tends to be established in developing societies due the way these societies to function. A whole community will often work together to achieve one common goal, just as a family would, a good example of this would be farming community where the years harvest will be sold and/or distributed among the whole community (or more specifically, those who helped in the sowing and reaping process). ...read more.


the social well-being of the young and old alike in the community, in industrial societies all this is taken care of by that society. Talcott Parson argues that industrialization causes families to be structurally isolated because they do not form an integral part of the wider system of kinship relationships. The industrialized family has its' own special role to play in the economic system of the society, it is functionally related i.e. it contributes to the integration and harmony of the social system. And it has adapted to the requirements of the social structure, the nuclear family is well fitted to relocate if the skills of one of the members of the family are needed in another area because of the weak or non-existent ties to the other members of the extended family. William J. Goode notes that the high rate of geographical mobility in industrial society decreases the frequency and intimacy of contact among members of the kin network, meaning that because members of ...read more.


The wider society relies on societies universalistic values which are values applied to all member of society whereas the family relies on particularistic values that are only applied to particular individuals. These values of course work along with the nuclear family but would cause internal family problem if used in an extended family type. Whereas particularistic values would give a father who is a labourer higher status than his son who is a doctor, universalistic values would grant the son higher status and this may cause a family dispute. Families in industrial societies are nuclear simply because there is no other family type suited for that kind of social structure, the harmonious functioning of the family would be easily disrupted if the family type was otherwise. Whereas extended families fit in perfectly with the developing societies and nuclear families would struggle to perform the needed functions without hindrance. Let it be noted that the nuclear family in a modification of the extended family specially suited for the industrial society. Sociology "Families in developing and pre-literate societies are extended; families in industrial societies are nuclear" ...read more.

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