• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

From an urban sociological perspective, to outline one aspect of what a city is. Cities by their very nature are in a continual state of flux and transition, no sooner does one section of the city

Extracts from this document...


What is a city? There are wide ranging definitions to answer this questions and will depend on the academic angle one uses. It will vary according to the town planner, economist, architect, sociologist etc, along with other view points of residents, politicians, and those working in the city. There are also many parts and functions of the city such as the inner-city, suburbia and central business district (CBD) containing residential, political, industrial and financial functions. All of which are inter related and dependent on each other for their position in the city m�l�e. To attempt to answer such a question in a brief paper would not do justice to it. However, Mumford (1937) in his paper "what is a city" described it as a "geographic plexus, an economic organisation, an institutional process, a theatre of social action, a symbol of collective unity". He also concluded that the physical organisation of the city must be subservient to social needs. Certainly, the question requires a broad spectrum of academic analysis to piece together the plethora of research and provide an adequate answer. As such this paper will only concentrate on describing one process being observed in a small section of the city, from an urban sociological perspective, to outline one aspect of what a city is. ...read more.


Additionally if they defend the status quo, they ultimately pass up the chance to revitalise their neighbourhood. Yet if they join gentrifer's to support the historic community, they aid the process that will lead to higher property values and rent, causing their own displacement. (Zukin, 1987) The displacement of the host population is typically due to higher rents and property values. Caused by the demand created by the new middle classes and the lack of supply of the desired housing. The out movers are a fairly heterogeneous group characterised, as being economically vulnerable but not always disadvantaged. However, in the 1970s gentrification affected white residents more so than other races. After 1973, regeneration in several US cities accelerated the displacement of blacks and whites in certain neighbourhoods. In some smaller cities, upper income households showed greater willingness to move into lower class areas and racial ghettos. However, race and class may still be a barrier to gentrification. For example whites and most middle class black people have not been interested in moving into areas such as Harlem and Newark despite a building stock and cost structure equivalent to other areas being gentrified. ...read more.


Ultimately it is the attitudes, beliefs, cultural, political, social and economic strength of the people who determine the form and functions of what a city is. The manifestation of these attributes can be seen in the process of gentrification. It is a typical example of how the city form is in continual transition, dependent on the current political, economic and social climate. Reference: Bridge, G. (1993) Working paper 109; Gentrification, Class and Residence: A reappraisal, Bristol: SAUS. Chapman, D. (1996) 'Creating Neighbourhoods and Places' E & FN Spoon Hamnet, C. (1991) 'The blind men and the elephant: the explanation of gentrification' Trans. Inst. Br. Geogr. N.S 16: 173-189 Mumford, L. (1937) 'What is A City', in LeGates, R, at al. (ed) The City Reader . London and New York: Routledge Parker, S. (2004) Urban Theory and the Urban Experience, encountering the city' Routledge Smith, N. (Sep., 1987) 'Gentrification and the Rent Gap', Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 77, No. 3, pp. 462-465 Warde, A & Savage, M (1993) 'Urban Sociology, Capitalism and Modernity' Macmillan Zukin, S. (1987) 'Gentrification: Culture and Capital in the Urban Core', Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 13, pp. 129-147 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Discuss the significance of both defensive and fortress architecture and the privatisation of public ...

    However irrational this fear may be, it has been possible for it to permeate social and fiscal policy, at least to some extent, through the influence of the powerful middle classes, resulting in an overwhelming increase in the segregation between class groups.

  2. Mateship has long been a major aspect of the national image as projected by ...

    Gallipoli Cultural identity is the major aspect of Australian cinema, which aims to represent and construct. As Rattigan (1991, p24) argues, Australian cinema is a culturally conscious medium, which seldom naturalizes social phenomenon and experience as commonplace through cultural perceptions as compared to what American cinema.

  1. The position of widows in Nepalese society - sociological study.

    It is vital that this subject is introduced on to the agenda of three great world conferences on Population and Development, on Social Development and on Women, which will take place over the next 18 months - and that this forms part of the real-life agenda for change as the millennium is approached.

  2. The Cherry Orchard is pessimistic in its analysis of social transition.

    He also puts Dunyasha in her place as maidservant: "You dress like a lady and you do your hair like one. You oughtn't. You should know your place" (Chekhov, 2). His memory reveals that Madame Ranevsky cleaned him up after his father had beaten him, yet she calls him "little

  1. Unraveling of cultural meaning and sociological dimensions of Sex and the City by means ...

    In the very first episode, she wondered: "Can women have sex like men?". The frankness of this question promptly sets the controversial, yet revolutionary tone of the show. As elaborated in subsequent episodes, the answer to Carrie's question is a clear yes - without apologies.

  2. What do you consider to be the main causes of social conflict in Britain's ...

    The estate is then branded an economically deprived area. If there were a mix in the wealth of the estate then role models for the less affluent would exist and give the deprived younger resident something to aspire to. Due to the young age of a large percentage of the residents, they are easily influenced and attracted to the

  1. What is distinctive about sociological thinking?

    But, when a large proportion of a nation's labour force is unemployed, it is impossible to explain this in terms of individuals. We instead look at the groups they belong to and their organization, the way society is organised, for an explanation.

  2. My aim is to investigate whether in some aspect` Hip-hop is a contemporary religion ...

    and the mixture of complex sounds. This type of music started in the Bronx in United States of America; it was spread and made popular by Djs and rappers. Hiphop has become a global culture that has been adopted by youths to express their view about the society they live in.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work