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From Poverty to Social Exclusion: beveridge report.

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From Poverty to Social Exclusion: An Introduction to Social Policy Answer 1 After World War II, leaders of Britain felt the need to give back to its citizens by raising the standards of living. The first step in this process was the Beveridge Report, prepared by the Inter-Departmental Committee on Social Insurance and Allied Services, chaired by William Beveridge. The report is said to be the blueprint for what we call the Welfare State. The report has been the guiding unit for all the welfare activities that were taken thereafter. The Beveridge Report was a milestone in that it was a genuine and a holistic effort to rid the British society of people's 'want' and hence poverty. The salient features of the report were: * It included a scheme for social insurance "scheme of social insurance against interruption and destruction of earning power and for special expenditure arising at birth, marriage, or death"1. ...read more.


The State should offer security for service and contribution. The State in organizing security should not stifle incentive, opportunity, responsibility; in establishing a national minimum, it should leave room and encouragement for voluntary action by each individual to provide more than that minimum for himself and his family. These salient features of Beveridge report formed an essential part in our knowledge of a 'welfare' state. Besides the above-mentioned features, the main part of the report was a schematic and a well thought out plan to implement the scheme and to find out the diseases of the society beforehand. Answer 3 Beveridge Report in spite of its futuristic approach and of being a genuine effort for lifting the standards of living of people remained a sore issue for feminist commentators. The main reason was that the report was not just archaic when it came to distinguishing men and women but it also presented a bad picture of men dominating women. ...read more.


With women being the majority of those in subservient positions, such as nurses and ancillary workers, the NHS also provided a prime example of the sexual division of labor.2 The above points indicate that despite the efforts of William Beveridge to obtain a complete development of British people, he ignored an important class that of women. Not just the report shows his narrow mindedness about status of women in the society but it also shows that despite all the progress that west had made, it remained conservative in its basic approach. That approach was to consider women as homemakers rather than society-makers. The problem with the report was that despite being a positive effort to encourage general living, William Beveridge made the mistake of limiting women's role in the society. The fact that women were not allowed the same benefits as men irked feminist commentators; in doing so, he had downgraded women and had ignored their role in building society. The feminist commentators rightly opposed Beveridge report for its lack of 'trust' in women as the ones who could change the society or who contribute to the society. ...read more.

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