• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Functionalist sociologists agree the family is the key foundation to society.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Functionalist sociologists agree the family is the key foundation to society. Family lifestyles play an important function for the protection of society, and mould its members. Murdock agrees that the family meets society essential needs. Functionalists acknowledge the nuclear family as the model family type for society. According to Parsons the family has to shape society. Parsons classifies two kinds of family structure the nuclear and the extended family. Each family structure is best capable of meeting the requirements of industrial society. According to functionalist society is made up of a consensus, individuals agree to the norms and values. Murdock believes the family performs four essential functions, which meet society needs. * Stable satisfaction of the sex drive: staying with the same partner, preventing social disruption. When married couples stay committed to one another they are preventing marital breakdown. * Reproduction of the next generation: without family members society wouldn't be continuing. * Socialisation of the young: parents share with children the rules and regulations of society. * Meeting the member's economic need: society provides the essentials for its members, such as food and shelter. ...read more.

Middle

Engels called this period "Promiscuous horde"; there were no limitations on sexual relationships As society began to develop so did wealth. When individual's wealth began to increase so did the increase in private property. Men wanted control of their production, if the promiscuous horde continued, men wouldn't be sure of their heir. This brought on the nuclear family; men had to be certain on their children, which insured they were entitled to their property and inheritance. * Ideological functions: according to Marxist family enforce a set of beliefs and ideas to excuse unfairness and maintain the idea of capitalism. Parents convince children into believing the idea of hierarchy. Parents have the power over their children. They are influencing their children into believing that, there is always going to be someone in charge. Zaretsky disagree with the functionalist approach because the family does not meet each others needs. They enforce that the main purpose of a women is to a homemaker. * Unit of consumption: The capitalist exploit the working class, by making a profit out of their hard work. ...read more.

Conclusion

Men are the enemy they are the source of women's oppression. The nuclear family is a disadvantage because men benefit from unpaid domestic labour. The only way oppression can be over come is if women live on their own and away from men. Radical feminist believe women will be able to achieve a higher status if workforces separated. If women were to only work together, there is more of an accomplishment receiving a promotion. * Difference feminism: believe we can not generalise women's experiences. Lesbians, and heterosexual women, women from different nationalities and ethnicities, women from different classes, have different experiences from one another. For instance black feminist believe apart from oppression, white feminist neglect the experiences black women have gone through. There are major differences between the functionalist perspectives of families. Nuclear family is important, it is not the only family type present within society, more people now live in other types of families such as lone parent households, divorce extended, and step families. Feminist and Marxist believe in family diversity, disagreeing with the functionalist approach. They do not consider the nuclear family as the "ideal" family. However, sociologists still acknowledge the great oppression and inequality in family life. ?? ?? ?? ?? The Functions of the family Jade-Tianna Caesar ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Assess the Functionalist claim that the family benefits both individuals and society as a ...

    5 star(s)

    they believe that the families' construction is purely to meet the needs of the Capitalist System. The family benefits the group in power, the Bourgeoisie, and their economy, but the proletariat are left disadvantaged. Engels (1884) claims that the family has an economic function, to keep the wealth within the

  2. To what extent do sociologists argue that the family is beneficial to society?

    Although functionalist views are criticised by some, such as Marxists, most people feel that without the family there it would be impractical. New Right thinkers are like functionalists, they see the family as the cornerstone of society. The nuclear family unit is seen as the 'normal' way of family life.

  1. Is George Murdock's 'Nuclear Family' still, the norm in British society?

    look after the home and children, with 74.98% of the female population taking on this role, with only 4.17% of the population obtaining degrees and 20.85% of women having un-skilled jobs. In 1968, as the majority of women were not obtaining degrees, there was no other choice than to have children inside of wedlock.

  2. Pakistani Women In a Changing Society.

    She is lucky if she has grown up sons who might make it possible for her to set up an independent home. But in general, given such prospects, upper class women are likely to live out their lives in insecurity and anxiety.

  1. This essay will explain the functionalist, Marxist and Social action theories of race and ...

    It highlights the fact that incompatible cultures can contribute significantly to the formation of 'race relations', and so disperses the predetermined evaluation that 'colour' is the only cause of prejudice and discrimination. This study also outlines the fundamental need for the assimilation of migrants, which from a functionalist perspective, is

  2. With reference to the family, consider how functionalist perspective enhances understanding of the diversity ...

    Functionalism is a macro theory, as is Marxism, which means that it looks at society as a whole, rather than individual sectors of society (Cree, 2000). Functionalism is also a consensus theory, which means that Functionalists see society as being in harmony, and that everybody has an equal place in society (Kidd et al, 2003).

  1. The purpose of this essay is to describe four studies relating to gender each ...

    Given that usually the child's parents will have already established his/her gender, it is therefore difficult to extract the true nature of any individual. This process continues throughout generations in accordance to the expectations within society. The changes in society with regards to the roles of males and females have also evolved through time.

  2. Organizational Perspectives on Stratification.

    Nevertheless, this paper is good at summarizing various economic schools that we might run across in sociology. Segmented Labor Market (SLM) theories began to emerge in the 1960's, as it and its proponents were wrapped up in the general radical spirit of the decade.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work