• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Functionalist sociologists agree the family is the key foundation to society.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Functionalist sociologists agree the family is the key foundation to society. Family lifestyles play an important function for the protection of society, and mould its members. Murdock agrees that the family meets society essential needs. Functionalists acknowledge the nuclear family as the model family type for society. According to Parsons the family has to shape society. Parsons classifies two kinds of family structure the nuclear and the extended family. Each family structure is best capable of meeting the requirements of industrial society. According to functionalist society is made up of a consensus, individuals agree to the norms and values. Murdock believes the family performs four essential functions, which meet society needs. * Stable satisfaction of the sex drive: staying with the same partner, preventing social disruption. When married couples stay committed to one another they are preventing marital breakdown. * Reproduction of the next generation: without family members society wouldn't be continuing. * Socialisation of the young: parents share with children the rules and regulations of society. * Meeting the member's economic need: society provides the essentials for its members, such as food and shelter. ...read more.

Middle

Engels called this period "Promiscuous horde"; there were no limitations on sexual relationships As society began to develop so did wealth. When individual's wealth began to increase so did the increase in private property. Men wanted control of their production, if the promiscuous horde continued, men wouldn't be sure of their heir. This brought on the nuclear family; men had to be certain on their children, which insured they were entitled to their property and inheritance. * Ideological functions: according to Marxist family enforce a set of beliefs and ideas to excuse unfairness and maintain the idea of capitalism. Parents convince children into believing the idea of hierarchy. Parents have the power over their children. They are influencing their children into believing that, there is always going to be someone in charge. Zaretsky disagree with the functionalist approach because the family does not meet each others needs. They enforce that the main purpose of a women is to a homemaker. * Unit of consumption: The capitalist exploit the working class, by making a profit out of their hard work. ...read more.

Conclusion

Men are the enemy they are the source of women's oppression. The nuclear family is a disadvantage because men benefit from unpaid domestic labour. The only way oppression can be over come is if women live on their own and away from men. Radical feminist believe women will be able to achieve a higher status if workforces separated. If women were to only work together, there is more of an accomplishment receiving a promotion. * Difference feminism: believe we can not generalise women's experiences. Lesbians, and heterosexual women, women from different nationalities and ethnicities, women from different classes, have different experiences from one another. For instance black feminist believe apart from oppression, white feminist neglect the experiences black women have gone through. There are major differences between the functionalist perspectives of families. Nuclear family is important, it is not the only family type present within society, more people now live in other types of families such as lone parent households, divorce extended, and step families. Feminist and Marxist believe in family diversity, disagreeing with the functionalist approach. They do not consider the nuclear family as the "ideal" family. However, sociologists still acknowledge the great oppression and inequality in family life. ?? ?? ?? ?? The Functions of the family Jade-Tianna Caesar ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Assess the Functionalist claim that the family benefits both individuals and society as a ...

    5 star(s)

    Another criticism is that women have so many responsibilities in a family, it can be said to cause mental illness. Lastly, Laing and Cooper's claim, says that the family can cause schizophrenia in the younger members of the family. Marxists would disagree with the claim that the family benefits society,

  2. This essay will explain the functionalist, Marxist and Social action theories of race and ...

    Castles and Kosack explained that within the 4 countries examined, the immigrants, regardless of their original status, are subjected to a "subordinate position on the labour market, concentration in run-down areas and poor housing, lack of educational opportunities and widespread discrimination from the subordinate populations and authorities".

  1. Is George Murdock's 'Nuclear Family' still, the norm in British society?

    However in the 2003 household more women are obtaining degrees, and working, than in 1968. Allowing women to have children outside of wedlock as they can now support themselves without the financial support of a husband. This can also be used to explain the reason for; people are getting married later (graph d).

  2. With reference to the family, consider how functionalist perspective enhances understanding of the diversity ...

    This also means that more of the primary socialization of children is being left to outside organisations, such as nurseries. Murdock sees primary socialization of children as one of the basic functions of the family, which, throughout history has been the 'essential responsibility' (p53)

  1. The purpose of this essay is to describe four studies relating to gender each ...

    He described the sexual division of labour as the most obvious and pragmatic way to divide the tasks among society. The allocation of each task therefore dependant on who is most biologically suited. Women are appropriately situated at home with the children because of their childbearing ability and men are best suited to hard work because of their physical strength.

  2. Examine the claim made by some feminist sociologists that marriage and family life can ...

    The family is the main arena for transmitting this patriarchal ideology, through the socialization of children into gender roles. Such socialization encourages the notion that the sexual division of labour is "natural" that women are primarily sexual objects and mothers/housewives, and that violence against women is not a problem.

  1. The changing status of women in employment

    3 people strongly agreed with the statement however 3 people disagreed and 1 person strongly disagreed. However 4 people were not sure about the statement. This graph reveals that the majority of respondents either disagreed or strongly disagreed that "the main role of a woman was that of housewife and mother."

  2. History of womens oppression in Afghanistan.

    RAWA's website helps to aid their own definition of injustices to promote collective action. (7), (8), (9), (10) IDENTITY Being a collective agent involves being a part of a 'we' who can do something as opposed to a 'they' who have opposite values and interests.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work