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Functionalist sociologists agree the family is the key foundation to society.

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Functionalist sociologists agree the family is the key foundation to society. Family lifestyles play an important function for the protection of society, and mould its members. Murdock agrees that the family meets society essential needs. Functionalists acknowledge the nuclear family as the model family type for society. According to Parsons the family has to shape society. Parsons classifies two kinds of family structure the nuclear and the extended family. Each family structure is best capable of meeting the requirements of industrial society. According to functionalist society is made up of a consensus, individuals agree to the norms and values. Murdock believes the family performs four essential functions, which meet society needs. * Stable satisfaction of the sex drive: staying with the same partner, preventing social disruption. When married couples stay committed to one another they are preventing marital breakdown. * Reproduction of the next generation: without family members society wouldn't be continuing. * Socialisation of the young: parents share with children the rules and regulations of society. * Meeting the member's economic need: society provides the essentials for its members, such as food and shelter. ...read more.


Engels called this period "Promiscuous horde"; there were no limitations on sexual relationships As society began to develop so did wealth. When individual's wealth began to increase so did the increase in private property. Men wanted control of their production, if the promiscuous horde continued, men wouldn't be sure of their heir. This brought on the nuclear family; men had to be certain on their children, which insured they were entitled to their property and inheritance. * Ideological functions: according to Marxist family enforce a set of beliefs and ideas to excuse unfairness and maintain the idea of capitalism. Parents convince children into believing the idea of hierarchy. Parents have the power over their children. They are influencing their children into believing that, there is always going to be someone in charge. Zaretsky disagree with the functionalist approach because the family does not meet each others needs. They enforce that the main purpose of a women is to a homemaker. * Unit of consumption: The capitalist exploit the working class, by making a profit out of their hard work. ...read more.


Men are the enemy they are the source of women's oppression. The nuclear family is a disadvantage because men benefit from unpaid domestic labour. The only way oppression can be over come is if women live on their own and away from men. Radical feminist believe women will be able to achieve a higher status if workforces separated. If women were to only work together, there is more of an accomplishment receiving a promotion. * Difference feminism: believe we can not generalise women's experiences. Lesbians, and heterosexual women, women from different nationalities and ethnicities, women from different classes, have different experiences from one another. For instance black feminist believe apart from oppression, white feminist neglect the experiences black women have gone through. There are major differences between the functionalist perspectives of families. Nuclear family is important, it is not the only family type present within society, more people now live in other types of families such as lone parent households, divorce extended, and step families. Feminist and Marxist believe in family diversity, disagreeing with the functionalist approach. They do not consider the nuclear family as the "ideal" family. However, sociologists still acknowledge the great oppression and inequality in family life. ?? ?? ?? ?? The Functions of the family Jade-Tianna Caesar ...read more.

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