• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Gender difference

Extracts from this document...


Exploring the reasons for gender differences in GCSE exam results Aims: * To investigate the gender differences in GCSE results * To investigate possible reasons for the differences between gender and success at GCSE I have chosen to study this particular topic because I would personally like to know why there is a discrepancy in GCSE results, depending on gender. Throughout history there have been debates on the equality of the two sexes and this is an aspect that defies all policies. I would like to know why there is inequality on this facet of society. On a more personal level I would like to know of any possibility of my educational attainment being affected by gender. In regards to Sociology, I am studying this area because I want to find out the sociological explanations for the discrepancy in exam results. There are various sociological concepts that relate to this issue, and they could provide possible reasons for these differences. This investigation evidently requires research, so I will be submitting a questionnaire to teachers in order to find out their opinions regarding this issue. It will also provide me the grounds to explore possible links between gender and educational success in their experience. ...read more.


From the 40 in total, 20 shall be for females and 20 for males to keep the gender representation equal. This means 10 from each group, GCSE and A-level. This will ensure that the results are unbiased. I have chosen not to include any student in Year 10 within the sample frame because I personally believe that students studying in Year 10 are too early in the course and may not realise the implications their gender may have, or even fully comprehend the issue. Therefore I have closed the sample frame to Year 11, 12, and 13. During the course of this, I may encounter some ethical issues. For example, it is unlikely that a member of the male gender will discredit his own gender, and may lie effectively in order to justify himself. He may not want to admit the reasons behind failure and back up unjustified excuses. This could also happen vice versa. This indicates the sensitivity of the issue and implies that it should be approached with caution. I should also avoid being too overt or stereotypical as this may create a biased result or sexual prejudice. I should word my questions carefully, not to offend anyone. I will design and submit a pilot study, as a prototype of my data collection tool based on the information I require, hence creating a question for each aspect. ...read more.


Another study that I researched was conducted by Linda Croxford and Teresa Tinklin who found peer pressure to be the cause. This theory corresponds well with my research; I found that 77.5% of students agreed that peer pressure is a contributing factor to the difference in achievement. And finally, the last theory I discovered was carried out by Patrick McDaid. Based on his research he concluded that the difference in achievement was caused by the method in which the students are taught. He discovered that girls are auditory learners whereas boys are visual-kinesthetic learners. This causes problems during lessons when boys are being taught by the teacher in auditory form and also at examinations. Basically this is a biological cause. During my research I found that some students and teachers believed that differences were caused by biological causes. Evaluation Findings The secondary data helped me to accomplish my first aim. The data from the questionnaire provided me with the ground to make judgements on the issue of gender related attainment at GCSE. It helped me to fulfil my second aim, I now realise that there are various reasons behind the gender difference in educational attainment, the most common being: influence of role models, peer pressure, different attitudes, and upbringing. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. A-Level Sociology Theory + Methods Revision.

    Berger says "Presentation Of Self In Everyday Life" 5 Key Phenomenological Phrases Social Meaning - These are the meanings people attach to things in society. This links with the social construction of society. Social Construction Of Society - Berger explains it.

  2. Sociological investigation into why do girls do better than boys in school.

    Also the questionnaire I gave to the teachers agreed girls are more independent due to Girl's staying behind when possible and boys tend to only stay behind if they have a friend there. Girls work harder at course work than boys I have evidence of 'girls work harder at course

  1. evaluation of methods

    For this research I am going to ask 20 people from both age groups. For the teenagers I am going to ask people between the ages 13-19 and for adults I am going to ask between the age groups of 30-40.

  2. Max Weber: Basic Terms (The Fundamental Concepts of Sociology)

    system of promotion and free contract; technical training as a requirement; fixed salaries in $$. Gerontocracy and Patrimonialism are forms of traditional authority w/o a personal administrative staff of the chief. G is rule by elders, and P is where there's rule by someone designated by inheritance.

  1. Diversity - Gender and education Factors such as ethnicity, economic status and gender can ...

    This view is backed by Bronfenbrenner's (1979) ecological model which shows how the environment can influence a child's development (Feinstein et al, 2004). Feinstein et al (2004) suggests education has a significant role to play in influencing the factors which can affect children's attainment. Bandura's (1977) social learning theory suggests that children can learn indirectly through observation and imitation of others (Walkup, 2004).

  2. Sexism is a form of prejudice.

    They have hired drivers but they are all men. This is very sexist what's wrong with women drivers? They have women working on the radio in the office though. Sonia, a 16 year old character who has just had a baby, she has a social worker that is a woman, why can't it be man?

  1. Why are girls out-performing boys at GCSE

    It became implemented in the 1988 Educational Act, when it was possible to complete a whole exam subject with it. But since then, the proportion of coursework has been scaled down. Girl's success over boys is down to the "feminisation" of the education system rather than the culture of "laddism", the head of a right-wing think-tank has suggested.

  2. Assess sociological explanations of gender difference and gender inequality in society.

    The representation Oakley paints for both middle class and working class women is of housework being unpleasant and hostile.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work