• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How can sociologists explain the improvement in the educational performance of girls

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How can sociologists explain the improvement in the educational performance of girls? It is widely argued that gender influences achievement. Sociologists have noticed a difference in the level of achievement in boys and girls under sixteen. Studies show boys do not perform as well as girls in standard subjects in school, girls are now overtaking boys at a higher-level standard. Sociologists noticed this when they saw A' level results and GCSE results, however Post-16 girls tend to drop out of science and technology despite doing better than boys at GCSE. Boys' early literacy skills are markedly lower than girls. Although sociologists agree that there is a definite 'gender gap' between males and female under sixteen, it is not just a simple case of 'boys doing badly, girls doing well'. The relationship between gender and achievement is much more complex; problems have arose within the area of 'the gender gap', it is not the same in all subjects - boys perform slightly better in GCSE maths than girls. It can not be applied to all levels of education, particularly university where the dropout rate is higher amongst girls; social class and gender affect it. ...read more.

Middle

Male overconfidence in their own abilities causes unrealistic high expectations. Anti-school culture makes boys vulnerable to acting out the 'men behaving badly' role, which in turn places little emphasis on education. Boys are more likely to not do their homework and go out with their friends, than girls. Boys find it more difficult to stay in and do their work as they might be worried that their friends will think that they are not 'cool'. Girls tend to be more mature. Male literacy problems- it is a fact that boys read and write less than girls. Boys are more interested in their computer games where as girls are more likely to read books. This will help them with their school work. Labelling- teachers are more likely to label boys negatively and create a self-fulfilling prophecy of educational failure. Teachers more likely to think boys are more disruptive than girls therefore do not give them as much help. Therefore they are more likely to fail the subject. Also the parental expectations of their children differ, boys are expected to be tougher and more boisterous, girls tend to be quieter and neater. ...read more.

Conclusion

Magazines and television advertisements portray male and females in different ways making us feel that we have to act like them. There are clear gender roles expected of girls, e.g. to be feminine, to want to marry and to have children and to follow only a relatively narrow range of occupations in nursing and office work, etc. These views are strengthened by the media, which also portray women as sex symbols, nurses or housewives. Sociologists also found that girls were rarely portrayed as the central character and rarely showed initiative. Boys were far more often shown as the central character and tended to engage in more exciting activities. However girls today want independence, they do not want to be second class citizens. Leisure - When girls have time they like to gossip and have a "chat." Therefore girls communicate better. This means that girls have better communication and educational skills than boys. In conclusion it is clear that girls are doing better but it is not the whole story because achievement affected by other factors cannot be ignored. These other factors are class and ethnicity. ?? ?? ?? ?? Liz Clark ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Discuss the relationship between social class and educational achievement.

    Sugarman's study was that of the "cultural deprivation theory," which implies that children of working class parents may have values etc, which are not favourable towards school life. Sugarman argues this is because they are socialised into these values by their parents and these values ultimately have their roots in the nature of their parents (manual)

  2. Sociological investigation into why do girls do better than boys in school.

    Both girls and boys successfully achieved making progress during lesson. Although girls were making more progress at a higher level, also more girls handed in their homework, where as where hardly any boys who handed in their homework. This suggests that girls are more independent and can achieve more independent study as the others.

  1. Diversity - Gender and education Factors such as ethnicity, economic status and gender can ...

    For example, Belotti (1975, as cited in Hughes, 1991) suggests that boys learn to suppress their emotions, a consequence of believing that it is not acceptable for boys to cry. This power over construction of values and beliefs has a direct influence on how children identify themselves and others.

  2. The Hidden Curriculum; Hegemony and Capitalism.

    crucial role in formulating and implementing social policy to strengthen its privileged status. In the process, the hegemonic ethnic group succeeds in mediating the dominant practices and values to other subordinate ethnic agencies through the education institutions of the dominant ethos," (Rahim, 1990: 29).

  1. Rawls claims that ‘utilitarianism does not take the distinction between persons seriously.’ Explain this ...

    However, though this theory seems to conflict with Rawls theory of justice as fairness the utilitarian does present a plausible argument for the resolving of social conflict. For example, a group of foxhunters conflict with a group of animal rights activists; the question would be whether or not to go ahead with the hunt.

  2. Free essay

    Sociology Coursework

    could have changed it to make it more appropriate My data was reliable as I got it straight of the respondents and had no sort of bias. I handed my questionnaire out to ten working class people and ten middle class people.

  1. It is my hypothesis that the recent improvement of girls in educational attainment has ...

    and obviously due to peoples targets becoming higher and higher over the years. In relation to my hypothesis, it is the main aspect of my study, as I belief it is the change in the aspirations among females which has made them improve in education recently.

  2. Why are girls out-performing boys at GCSE

    their answers, why girls are out-performing boys, which of them actually have handed coursework in on time or got good marks on it and ask them whether they think their subject teachers stereotyped them. I am using a closed questionnaire to gain information for my project.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work