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How far do the sources support the conclusion that, during the period 1780-1914, the economy and society of Britain was transformed, and with remarkably little conflicts?

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Introduction

How far do the sources support the conclusion that, during the period 1780-1914, the economy and society of Britain was transformed, and with remarkably little conflicts? In the period of 1850-1914 Britain was irrevocably set on the path to full industrialisation1. However, it is questionable the extent that the Industrial Revolution transformed the economic and society of Britain. On the surface, the emergence of the middle class and decline of monarchy power seemed to be a clear indicator upon the change that was a consequence of the revolution. Sources 1 to 6 have differing opinion upon the extent of change and its resulting conflict. Source 1 is an example of a source that supports the view that the economic and society of Britain was transformed. It clearly states the acclamation of a foreigner, a Swede. Phrases such as, "extended extraordinary," "housed with outward magnificence" further emphasise his adulation. However, the fact that he is foreign introduces bias, as he would see the transformation in Britain in a different light, as, at 1802, Britain was undoubtedly the most industrialised country in Europe, thus would appear magnificent compared to his Swedish homeland. Furthermore, Svedenstierna was an official of Jernkonter the central organisation of the Swedish Iron masters Organisation, whose travel mission to England was to study the process and equipment used in factories, thus he would be astonished to study and learn how advanced the industrial system in Britain was. ...read more.

Middle

However, More is well known for his work on Chartism, and, is thus presumed to have a distorted view upon the upper class. Nevertheless, his views become important to draw upon when looking at this time period, as he is a well known history lecturer, and thus would have carefully researched his facts prior to publishing his book. All the sources discussed so far have only regarded the extent of economic and social transformation. They offer different interpretation of the extent of change, and are all useful when looking at the change in the occupational and social trends, despite their own unreliability. It becomes clear that one main weakness of the sources discussed so far is the fact that there is no standard definition on what a transformation of the economy and society are, which adds a new degree of confusion. Furthermore, none of the sources discussed so far has incorporated the conflict factor of the transformation. Source 2 concludes that there is barely any conflict as a result of economic and societal transformation, at least in the mills of Turton and Egerton. He includes descriptions of the mills, which are "lofty, spacious and well ventilated" and the fact that the workers were understanding of the imposition of a wage cut. ...read more.

Conclusion

It seems as though each source has it's own opinion upon the matter of social and economical transformation in England. We must be aware that as the nature of each source differ; their opinions and views will differ too. Each whether agreed or disagreed with the statement to an extent, have different degrees of accuracy, as mentioned above. The degree of accuracy depends upon the writer, when it was written, and by what means. Furthermore, it can't be concluded whether the sources support the view or not, because there is no standard definition of transformation of economy or society, or what could have been described as a conflict, thus makes it increasingly difficult to judge upon what extent do the sources support the view. Nevertheless, despite of all of the flaws contained in each source, each source is valuable to a historian studying the impact of industrial revolution upon the society. 1 We can classify the industrial revolution as a dramatic change in industrial and agricultural processes and ultimately the changes in population structures, by altering the way of life and society of the time. 2 by 26%, from 1801 to 1914 3 by 21%, from 1801 to 1881 4 to 50% in 1914 5 by 7% from 1881 to 1941 6 This is displayed in this excerpt, by the fact that he draws upon different opinions of different historians 1 Aryani Prathita Prabowo 1 ...read more.

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