• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9

How is the contrast between tradition and modernisation presented in these chapters and how important are the concepts to the novel so far (1-18)?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Q. How is the contrast between tradition and modernisation presented in these chapters and how important are the concepts to the novel so far (1-18)? Howards End is Forster's symbolic exploration of social, economic, and philosophical forces that were currently at work in England during the early twentieth century. Fascinated by the changes sweeping England at the time the novel was written in 1910, Forster set out to voice his opinions on the topics of both modernisation and tradition and this is clear when analytically exploring Howards End in great detail. Forster saw the eventual dominance of the commercial and financial class, and he saw with disturbing accuracy what this dominance would do to the world. It appears at various times within the book that Forster is directly addressing the question put forward by critic Lionel Trilling of "Who shall inherit England?" meaning which class of people will define the nation, and in order to answer this Forster explores three different families each representing a different social class and opinion on modernisation and tradition: the literary, cultural Schlegel family, who represent the idealistic and intellectual aspect of the upper class; the materialistic pragmatic Wilcox family, who represent the "solid" English work ethic; and the impoverished Bast family, lead by a lower-middle-class insurance clerk who desperately hopes books will save him from the social and economic abyss. ...read more.

Middle

She was the last of the Howards; "things went on until there were no men." Ruth is the last survivor of a family that has lived on the land in one house for centuries which makes clear the pity and anger she feels when Margaret tells her that they are to loose Wickham place, the home that both Tibby and Helen were born in. "Not the house you were born in. You'll never find that again. Poor, poor girls. Howards end was almost pulled down once. It would've killed me." Mrs. Wilcox lives with and loves the Wilcoxes, yet she retains her connection to the past and to the earth, a connection that is essential to the inner life and outer life. Ruth is the only member of the Wilcox family who is traditional in her ways and sees a home as more than a property or financial gain. Mrs. Wilcox's marriage to Henry is an emblem of the traditional co-existence of the two kinds of life, a co-existence which seems to be coming to an end. The death of Mrs. Wilcox brings a literal end to the Howard Family; the question is whether the disposition of her house will bring the end of what she stands for. ...read more.

Conclusion

Wilcox following both her traditions and her role as spiritual heir. But Margaret seems to realize that the outer life of the Wilcoxes has become so powerful and expansive that it cannot exist peacefully beside the life of personal relations and personal emotional truth which the Schlegels girls hold so dear. She knows Wilcoxes are changing the world but wants Mr. Wilcox to see that he has an inner life. This is what Margaret tries to do in accepting Henrys proposal; she tries to merge the inner and outer lives. In conclusion, modernisation and tradition are two of the most important themes within the novel, it seems that they were apparent in the mind of Forster when he wrote the novel and he used motorcars, families and property in order to show London, and England in general and the change that it has and will endure. The novel does seem to be slightly prophetic similarly to George Orwell's 1984 in predicting the future in a very precise manor. Forster appears to have seen the eventual dominance of the commercial and financial classes, and he saw with disturbing accuracy what this dominance would do not only to England but also to the world and how it would in fact be the Wilcoxes of the world that "shall inherit the England". ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. As the nineteenth century opened, life presented few opportunities for women to experience personal ...

    The industrial revolution and the influx of immigrants created a schism in society. This breech was held together by imposing strict guidelines for acceptable behavior. Women, seen as civilizing elements, became the dominant forces in society. Magazines continued to publish stories by and about women.

  2. "The novel is important to the history of women's search for a public voice" ...

    Its issues were what people in this period saw in their lives and since the middle classes wanted to gain their own say in the aristocratic dominated society their issues, and the ones raised in Moll Flanders began to be debated in order to improve their own situations.

  1. Modernity - a philosophical disposition

    Durkheim referred to this specialized division of labor as 'organic'. Durkheim' theory assumes that the transition from a mechanical division of labor to an organic division of labor will be a gradual evolution and that group solidarity will continue through reason not conformity.

  2. Max Weber: Basic Terms (The Fundamental Concepts of Sociology)

    In order to arise, the spirit of capitalism had to struggle with its 'most important opponent,' traditionalism. For instance, workers will respond to an increase in piece rates by doing less work, collecting the usual amount of money, and going home early.

  1. Compare the ways in which crime is presented in Moll Flanders and Roxana?Assess how ...

    engage in criminal activities as a way of escaping poverty, and to an extent improve their quality of living. However women were less likely to commit crime as there movements were isolated especially if they were married they were the property of their husbands they were to do domestic duties and had little time to explore the outdoors.

  2. 'In Howards End, Forster is very much on the side of women, and unfair ...

    Forster uses Margaret as the central character in the novel and the most completely drawn. Through certain parts of the novel, the narration seems to vacillate between Margaret and Forster. This shows that Forster is much more inclined to take the side of women rather than men.

  1. A Woman's Place Is In The Home - People who agree with this statement ...

    Expressive role is when satisfactions come when working. Intrensic rewards like self fulfillment are achieved. John Bowlby --> Childcare & the growth of love 1953 This Psychologist concludes that a mothers place is at home caring for the children. He studied psychologically disturbed children and found that many of them had experienced seperation from their mother at an early age.

  2. Titanic Survivor Account: Kathleen Pilkington

    After all, I did not have another option. The floors were made of expensive white marble and the staircases were carved out of beautiful darkly polished mahogany decorated with intricate patterns on the handrails. The crystal chandeliers hung from the high ceilings.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work