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"Human Behaviour Is Learned Rather Than Based On Instincts" Critically Evaluate This Statement.

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Introduction

"Human Behaviour Is Learned Rather Than Based On Instincts" Critically Evaluate This Statement. The argument above can be debated using the nature vs. nurture theory. Sociologists have studied this extensively and there is a lot of evidence to support both. Each needs to be addressed in order to come up with a conclusion. The nurture theory argues that the way humans behave is due to the individual's gender, ethnicity and social class. Gender is a major contributor to the way in which the individual behaves. Boys are taught from a young age to be generally more masculine by playing competitive sports such as football. Girls are generally taught to be feminine by staying at home with their mothers and learning how to cook. The case may also be that a boy will be taught to be feminine or a girl to be more masculine, but either way the individual has been shown how to behave rather than instinctively knowing. This may result in later life for the boy or more masculine individual to do better at more aggressive jobs such as ...read more.

Middle

Other evidence to support this theory is case studies of deprived children. For example, Kamala was a girl who was found at the age of eight in the wild. She had been "raised" by a pack of wolves all her life. When found, she would run around on all fours and would snarl at people. During time she learnt to eat cooked food, prefer the day to night and be friendly towards people. This shows that an individual will develop according to what they know and see as familiar and "normal". Kamala learnt that behaving as wolves do was the norm, but when faced with a totally different environment she adapted and behaved accordingly. However, the nature theory argues a totally different case. This is the belief that it is our genetic make up that makes us who we are and determines how we behave, as everyone is unique. In certain aspects this statement is true, each person's hair colour, eye colour and skin colour will be determined by genes, this is something that cannot be learned in any way. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, this may be contested by the nurture theory on the basis that none of the similarities mentioned, although rare, are not about behaviour. The women they married may have had popular names such as Claire or Katie; this is the same with their son's names. It is unlikely that they married women of the same name because of their genes. This is a rare occurrence to be so similar having never met, but as it is rare it is more likely strengthen the nurture theory. There are many twins who have never met for one reason or another, if they all were this similar it would not be such shocking news, and as the nature argument says that who we are is in our genes all the twins should be the same. This is not the case and so one case study will not complete the argument. In conclusion, there is much more evidence to support the nurture theory and it is also stronger evidence. The nature evidence can be easily disproved so leads one to believe in nurture over nature. ...read more.

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