• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

I intend to investigate the concept of the 'double shift' of labour as experienced by women.

Extracts from this document...


Hypothesis / Aim I intend to investigate the concept of the 'double shift' of labour as experienced by women. Despite increasing female participation in the labour market most research points out that the responsibility for housework and childcare still lies with women. This has inspired me for further investigation. Secondly, most sociologists' studies deal with time spent on domestic labour and types of tasks performed by gender. The idea of '2' jobs carried out by women has a slightly different emphasis, which I am interested in investigating 84 words Context/ Concepts An Official report, Social Focus on Men and Women, (1998) found that the traditional distinction between the man's role as 'breadwinner' and the woman's role as 'homemaker' is becoming less clear cut in the terms of women role at work. This represents a dramatic change in recent years. Despite this, they found that while the 'New Woman' is apparently prepared to share the burden in terms of earning income this does not appear to be matched by the 'New Mans' willingness to share the burden of domestic life. At home the traditional division of domestic labour between men and women has not changed much to adjust to the new situation, for example, the report notes women 'always or usually' do the washing or ironing in the majority of couples (bar 2% of couples). ...read more.


cooking, cleaning and childcare). Double Shift - dual role of women in terms of their contribution to the family through paid employment as well as contribution in terms of domestic labour and childcare. 429 words Proposed Method and Reasons for Method I intend to use questionnaires, which will consist of a list of preset questions being given to the respondent in the same order so that any real differences between respondents can be seen, in this case in the participation of gender groups in domestic labour. Questionnaires are very useful for a number of reasons. My questions will be fixed choice so that the response can be more easily classified and quantified and correlations can be more easily seen between different genders in terms of economic activity and real participation in domestic labour and childcare - it will also allow concepts to be operationalised easily. It's an efficient and cheap method of research. This was used by Smith and Ferri, to investigate this whole area, and will allow me to compare my findings with theirs. Large quantities of data can be easily collected from a considerable amount of people over a relatively short period of time and it will require relatively little personal involvement. ...read more.


Those being studied are not allowed to reveal how they see social reality. The unwillingness or inability of respondents to give full replies may reduce validity of the data. They may lie and stated attitudes may not reflect real behaviour. Other studies in this area, such as that of Pleck, show that men overestimate the actual time spent on childcare and domestic tasks. Additionally, I will be unable to observe interaction, which would be useful when investigating the concept of women's 'double shift'. Some previous sociologists have found that quantitative studies tend to reveal contradictions between the domestic division of labour and perceptions of equality. Respondents often report satisfaction with what appears a very unequal division of labour while qualitative studies tend to uncover more critical attitudes. In addition, domestic work often involves the simultaneous performance of several tasks, which can make time-use estimates difficult to quantify. Women also tend to under-estimate time they spend on domestic tasks, particularly when simultaneously carrying out childcare while men tend to overestimate. Indeed, childcare can often become 'invisible'. Conversely, men tend to define any time spent with children as childcare, as Pleck found. There is also the question of whether carrying out research concerning the private area of the home is ethically acceptable or correct as it imposes on peoples private lives. Confidentiality must be assured. 335 words Candidate Number :7288 Centre Number :71526 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Discuss the concept of 'Double Colonization'; how do postcolonial women writers contest both patriarchy ...

    gynocentrics believe that a mother-daughter relationship has a lot of influence on a woman's psyche. They provide a psychoanalytical model to explain the similarities in writings of women all over the world in spite of the cultural and social differences.

  2. Why is there unequal division of household labour in most of the society?

    From this approach, we can get inference that men spend more time in paid work while women spend more time in domestic work as they are naturally assigned to. Therefore, it fails to take account of differential power within marriage and of social status outside the marriage.

  1. Look at domestic labour within the family and any possible changes of domestic labour ...

    Disadvantages of Open questions: * People can lie about the things you ask them. The problem with this is that the results are not accurate and that there will be so much information/material, which isn't very easy to evaluate from. It takes to long (time factor) and takes even longer.

  2. Max Weber: Basic Terms (The Fundamental Concepts of Sociology)

    it is the duty of those who have been called to a charismatic mission to recognize its quality and to act accordingly... it's a matter of personal devotion to the possessor of the quality. There is no legal wisdom oriented to judicial precedent.

  1. The Concept of CSR

    The organisation works in partnership with its stakeholders to take responsibility for the whole process of its business through the manufacture, use of & disposal of its products & to define its behaviour in a changing marketplace and society. A dedicated CSR team oversees the development & management of the

  2. Sociology Investigation

    No? Question 11 If you think you are labelled, do you show the teacher through behaviour, homework and attitude towards that subject that you are not the way he or she thinks you are. Please tick appropriately. Yes? No? Question 12 Please describe why you behave this way. ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

  1. Aesthetic Labour at 'Brewsters' family theme pub.

    If Hochshild (1989) and Filby (1992) are correct that emotion work is gendered women's work, then as a female it is highly likely I will be employed in a emotional labour role.

  2. I want to investigate if women still do the majority of the domestic labour ...

    Employers interrupt the pattern of work meaning that many employers are less likely to promote women or train them for a career. Many employers still believe that women are less likely to remain with the company than a male worker, because that women have to look after their children and that stereotypical gender roles predominate.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work