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Identify and discuss some the major gender differences in the transport needs and uses. What can policy makers do to make sure policies are equitable?

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Introduction

GENDER AND ECONOMICS Identify and discuss some the major gender differences in the transport needs and uses. What can policy makers do to make sure policies are equitable? There are significant differences in the needs and uses of transport between men and women. This is due to the fact that women's employment, unlike that of men, is domestic and household based, which means that their employment tasks take place within specific spatial and temporal arrangements-the residence. It is difficult for women to combine domestic roles and paid work-especially because of the fact that employers have strong negative stereotypes of women's mobility behaviour which discourage them from employment of women. Women are discriminated against so much so that in the issue of access to company cars, research done by Potter and Cousins, 1983, Greico, 1986, on the Docklands shows that out of those employers offering company cars to employees, not one was in the possession of a woman. ...read more.

Middle

Women's main concern in London is that they are not safe using public transport. This has been concluded from a survey of women's travel needs in London ('Women on the Move' survey)-Commissioned by the GLC between 1984 and 1986. Women's views on their safety, whilst travelling, or walking around London, vary according to the method of travel and time of day by various age groups. Table 1: Proportion of women feeling safe travelling during the day by age group: AGE GROUP BY BUS BY UNDERGROUND BY BRITISH RAIL WHILST WALKING 16-19 YRS 83% 54% 54% 78% 20-54 YRS 91% 67% 69% 87% 55-60 YRS 86% 54% 50% 80% OVER 60 YRS 83% 42% 45% 74% ALL WOMEN 88% 59% 60% 83% Source: Women on the Move The table above shows that women in all age groups feel safer travelling by bus during the day than walking around. Underground and British rail are considered to be similar to one another in terms of their perceived safety. ...read more.

Conclusion

Restraint on travel limits participation in society and adversely effects women's quality of life. Women have fear of assult, attack, harassment and verbal abuse-this all influences on travel decisions, particularly at night. Women need the flexibility that a car offers in order to reach work on time and to run errands. Cars also allow women some control over whom they come into contact with, thus enhancing their sense of safety. Also cars are being manufactured so as to suit the needs as women-minivans are being manufactured which holds the several children in addition to grocery and pets. Cars also save time-women don't have to rely on the delays of public transport and so they can get more of their work done efficiently. If more women had access to cars they would be more independent and have more of a chance in getting paid work-this would change the status of women's careers and role. ...read more.

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