• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Identify the Biological and Psychological explanations on crime (9)

Extracts from this document...


Identify the Biological and Psychological explanations on crime (9) Biological explanations for crime see deviance in terms of the biological make-up of individuals whereas Psychological explanations maintain that the causes of deviance lie within a faulty mind. This essay will examine both theories. Causes of criminal behaviour are most prominently explained in Freud's psychoanalytic theory, which suggests that an individual's well-being is dependent on a healthy interaction amongst the Id, (Innate) Ego (Reality) and the Superego (Society). The psychoanalytic theory is the search for causes of crime within the make up of an individual. It explains that delinquency is caused by disturbances or abnormalities in an individual's emotional development from early childhood. ...read more.


Eysenck suggested that extroverts were more likely to commit crime. He believed that this was because they take more risks and take longer to learn society's norms. His theory also suggests that Extroverts are harder to condition than introverts and that introverts think more carefully about their crime, where extroverts would commit a crime spontaneously. Eysenck's theory has been criticised for being too subjective, and there is little evidence to support unstableness or emotionality and crime. Lombroso in 1876 argued that the criminal is a separate species, a species that is between modern and primitive humans. He argued that the physical shape of the head and face determined the "born criminal". These people were primitive and were unable to adapt to modern morality. ...read more.


William Sheldon believed that people could be classified into three body shapes, which correspond with three different personality types. 1. Endomorphic (fat and soft) tend to be sociable and relaxed. 2. Ectomorphic (thin and fragile) are introverted and restrained 3. Mesomorphic (muscular and hard) tend to be aggressive and adventurous. His theory suggested that Mesomorphs were more predisposed to crime, compared to ectomorphs or endomorphs. However, the working class tend to be stockier in build due to their manual labour jobs and he rated his subjects' body types himself, which account for weaknesses in his theory. In conclusion sociologists reject biological and psychological explanations of Crime. They have been criticised on a theoretical level. This is because they do not take into account social factors (such as poverty) and only offer a partial view on crime and deviance. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Critically Examine the Subcultural Approach to Crime and Deviance.

    A career structure for aspiring criminals: The importance of a stable community within which criminal enterprises can develop and flourish is significant here, since if a criminal sub-culture is to develop as a form of "illegitimate opportunity structure" it has to be organised in some way.

  2. Construction of Childhood

    due to factors live in depressive housing conditions, in areas of high unemployment where health issues will contribute to these factors. All these factors lead families and children facing poverty. The lack of finance and the ability to work, leads to emotional and financial pressure, not having money to pay

  1. Sociological explanations of crime and deviance

    They assume that most people are naturally selfish, and it is only through a process of socialisation that they are persuaded to act in socially responsible ways. If, for whatever reason, socialisation breaks down, then crime occurs. Marxists, on the other hand, believe crime originates in the unfairness and corrupt nature of capitalist society.

  2. Sociological Theory and Methodology - Crime and Deviance.

    Ackers suggests that people may just choose to be deviant whether they have been labelled or not. Thus the act of labelling is not wholly responsible for generating a criminal or deviant. Task 2 Life Chances. Society is made up of many groups, which are clarified by the registrar general.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work