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Identify the Reasons offered by Sociologists to Explain Why Women are more at Risk of Poverty than Men. Within Britain, there is poverty all around us. However, poverty is quite difficult to define because there is no official poverty

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Introduction

Identify the Reasons offered by Sociologists to Explain Why Women are more at Risk of Poverty than Men. Within Britain, there is poverty all around us. However, poverty is quite difficult to define because there is no official poverty line in Britain, and the 3 method used are: using 50-60% average income, this is difficult because there are different numbers of people within each household, therefore income may need to stretch more or less due to this. In addition to this the person(s) savings aren't included, and this could make a difference. Those on means tested benefits, this is challenging because not everyone knows what benefits they are entitled to, while others struggle to go back to work and loose the benefits, so decide not to work, or work very limited hours. So therefore are in a continuous poverty trap. Using a basket of goods or services does not help define poverty because people(s) wants and needs differ; also, the actual list requires updating. There are many factors to consider when explaining why the genders differ within poverty. These are: employment; segregated labour market; those who experience being poor; and lone-female households. ...read more.

Middle

This demonstrates that more men are employed within the high status and paying occupations, while women work within the more caring side of employment, but are paid less. The segregated labour market shows that women are more likely to be in poverty than men because, although women are treated more equally in society today, they are still seen as 'inferior' to men. Thus meaning that men are gaining most of the employment, which pays well as they can gain the training and skills etc., whereas women have a duty to their household and mainly their children (if any)? In addition to this women are paid less than men, and even though in some occupational sectors have a high proportion of women employees, they are poorly paid compared to the male dominated sectors. Lone-female households also contribute to women being more at risk of poverty than men. This is because men's earnings are considerably higher than women's. Additionally to this two groups of women are most at risk of poverty are lone mothers and retired women living on their own. Within the UK over half of all lone-parent households are considered to be poor. ...read more.

Conclusion

of that household are in poverty due to others. Also, women are more likely than men to feel isolated and depressed by lack of money. However, women have a higher likelihood of forming social networks, which can arise from their caring 'nature'; this means that older women have better social relationships and are less isolated than men. In conclusion, women are more likely to be in poverty than men because they are unable to continually work due to parental responsibilities. Those who are the sole earner of the household are unable to work full-time, because they need to fit in with their child(ren)'s school hours and holidays because of they can't afford childcare and the lack of affordable childcare. Also older women living on their own are more at risk of poverty than men because they can't gain the full basic state pension due to their m-shaped employment profile. However, because of women's caring roles, they tend to have made social networks, meaning that those in poverty, especially retired women on their own, have better social relationships and feel less isolated than men. ?? ?? ?? ?? By Katie Watson As Sociology Mrs Turner ...read more.

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