• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In conclusion, I think that cross-cultural studies into gender differences has certainly provided a lot of evidence over the years to show that gender differences are a socially shaped. Traditions and values certainly shape cultural ideas

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Tutor-marked Assignment C Question 1 a) The term androgyny is the meaning for a person who uses both male and female characteristics. b) Content analysis is the analysing of different communications and the sort of message they're giving out. An example of this is a study of British TV adverts conducted by Manstead and McCulloch in 1981. They found evidence that stereo-typing of the male and female role was significant and that because of this, the adverts are likely to play an active part in shaping cultural attitudes towards women. c) One study in which the experimental method was used was by Money & Erhardt (1972). They were interested in seeing whether a boy who's identity had been changed would develop as a biological male or, because of his new identity, a male. ...read more.

Middle

d) The use of cross-cultural research to investigate gender differences is essentially to point the differences in cultures by environmental factors, shaping the development of gender identity. Mead (1935) conducted a study of three societies to see whether there were differences in gender roles looking at the nature vs. nurture idea. She went to New Guinea for six months to study 'The Arapesh' who lived in the mountains, 'The Mundugamor' who lived by the riverside and 'The Tchambuli' who lived on the lakeside. She wasn't campring the differences between the three groups, but the differences of their culture compared to traditional Western culture. Her results showed that The Arapesh showed that there were similarities between themselves and Western society, although they were more interested in the community than reaching their own individual targets. ...read more.

Conclusion

recognised all of these problems and went to do the same study that Mead had done over 50 years before them. They went to the Tchambuli and recognised that women didn't diominate men, nor did men dominate women. They believed that Mead being a women and experiencing what she may have thought 'unfair' at the time in 1930's Western culture, may have changed her idea of what she was observing. Despite the flaws, this was still a great study that used cross-cultural research to investigate gender differences. In conclusion, I think that cross-cultural studies into gender differences has certainly provided a lot of evidence over the years to show that gender differences are a socially shaped. Traditions and values certainly shape cultural ideas, but maybe due to the nature of evolution, what might appear to be social to us, may now be biological within our bodies, so it would be harder for us to change our ways that we live. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Gender is determined by society, forming a self-concept whether we are male or female ...

    This may mean that the normative data might only apply to this age group. Perhaps more appropriately, the students of this time (1974) would probably have held different values from those students of today. 'Bem found that although there was a high correlation between masculinity or femininity and social desirability, there was no correlation between androgyny and social desirability.

  2. To what extent would you explain gender differences in terms of gender socialization?

    Concerning other special subjects in secondary schools, Woodwork is only available for boys whereas Home Economics is for girls only. This also creates a gender stereotypes that men must deal with heavy works but women must be learnt to do housework.

  1. Theories of Sex and Gender

    LYTTON & ROMNEY, (1991, as cited in HARALAMBOS et al, 2002). However, evidence from non-conventional families suggests this is not so. PATTERSON, (1992, as cited in HARALAMBOS et al, 2002), argued that children reared in gay or lesbian families show few differences in gender role development to children of heterosexual parents.

  2. Unraveling of cultural meaning and sociological dimensions of Sex and the City by means ...

    123), argued that pornography should be eliminated as a matter of public policy because the "bigotry and contempt it promotes... diminish opportunities for equality of [women's] rights". The competing sub-ideological codes underpinning the overall ideology of feminism is further appropriated by the show itself.

  1. In what ways is the concept of gender useful in the study of ancient ...

    Just as the female hierarchy needed cult festivals to differentiate between the varying classes, the male hierarchy was determined by society-the 'polis' and the military. For example, Xenophon, in the 'Anabasis', highlights the importance and influence of the head of the army, the 'hegemon', compared to less important positions in the military.

  2. Australian cultural identity.

    The football followers are patriotic about their team and the true followers support their team through thick and thin. On the football field race and ethnicity mean nothing it is forgotten, physical prowess and class of the player dictate people's views on the player.

  1. Sex and Gender.

    Walby��s explanation sees the household and household production as being a key site of women��s subordination but acknowledges that the domestic area is not the only one that women participate in. She shows how the concept of patriarchy is useful in explaining the relationship between women��s subordination in the private

  2. Persian Wedding Traditions

    The holy book can be The Avesta, Qur’an, Bible, Kitáb-i-Aqdas or whatever applies to the couple. If religion is not important, the holy book can be exchanged with one of the famous poetry books like Rumi or Hafez. Aghd - اÙØ¶Ø§Û Ùرارداد – (The Contract Signing)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work