• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In reality Britain is not a meritocracy, this is due to discrimination and labelling. It is a capitalist economy.

Extracts from this document...


In reality Britain is not a meritocracy, this is due to discrimination and labelling. It is a capitalist economy. The type of stratification system used in Britain is the Class System, which divides society into a hierarchy of unequal social groups based on their occupation this defines whether they are working-class or middle-class. However, the social divisions are not clearly separated. The class system is an open society, social mobility is possible across the social hierarchy on the basis of personal achievement, from which you can gain achieved status. However, there are obstacles to social mobility including prejudice, labelling, discrimination, racism and sexism. Lack of Educational achievement can also be an obstacle. Conjugal roles are the roles played by a male and a female in a marriage or cohabiting relationship. The inequalities in social class between the working-class and middle-class exist in the conjugal roles played in the family. ...read more.


This shift has been seen mainly amongst middle-class couples, other reasons for this are that middle-class men have been encouraged to stay at home by shorter working hours and improvements in living standards and material comforts in the home because they can afford them. Working-class suffer from material deprivation and cannot afford these material comforts. Young and Willmott (1975) argued modern home-centred families have increasingly more joint conjugal roles. More geographical mobility also meant a decline of the traditional extended family network so there is no longer the pressure of the extended family on the woman to act, as a housewife and stay at home like tradition. Those couples who moved to new areas because of work and re-housing during industrialisation tend to have joint conjugal roles and have loose-knit social networks. Each male and female are less likely to have their own friends and relatives outside the family. ...read more.


arguably have become more like the middle-class due to embourgeoisement (Marxist theory devised by Karl Marx) and this includes their attitudes towards conjugal roles. However, evidence still shows that the majority of women still perform the domestic tasks around the home (the gender stereotype), even though they have paid jobs outside the home. The number of hour's women spend on housework is calculated at around 50-60 hours per week compared to men who do an average of 1.6 hours (newspaper article, sociology review, 'Back to the Future' by Madeline Leonard). Feminists believe that this is a dual burden and there is a role conflict for women. Anne Oakley believes this, she is a feminist she also believes that we live in a patriarchal society. Feminists say that men may appear to be the 'New Man', however they usually perform the more enjoyable side of the domestic work, like playing with the children, instead of the more routine jobs like cooking and cleaning which are performed mainly by the women. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Rationale - I have decided to study the gender-oriented issue of conjugal roles in ...

    By comparing all the diaries from males I could see that the tasks done by men were very similar such as changing a light bulb or fuse. This was also the case with women all the tasks done by them over the week was also very similar such as cooking, changing the linen etc.

  2. Sexism is a form of prejudice.

    Alfred Barrow School also used to have a female head teacher (Mr Titcombe). Boys and girls both get the same careers advice now, and both are encouraged to get good jobs. I attend the Alfred Barrow School and I don't think it is sexist in anyway, apart from the PE department.

  1. Gender Socialisation

    baby's room Blue Pink Typical Toys Cars Dolls Types of children's clothes Trousers Dress Adult response to a child falling over Picking child up and saying everything's OK Hugs and kisses Playground games catch, football Hop scotch, skipping Sports Football None Comics/reading materials Comics Story books Games adult plays with

  2. Media, leisure & fashion - Britain in the 1930's.

    forced to have busier, more productive lives by the circumstances of the time and needed simple clothes to match this lifestyle. Late on in this period, living standards began to rise and industrial development increased. Consequently, man-made cheaper fabrics, such as rayon, which was known as artificial silk became available.

  1. What Is Ageism; What, If Any, Affinities Does It Have With Racism or Sexism?

    Just as young black people in inner cities such as London or Manchester are seen as the main cause of crime in those areas because they are poor, and women are seen to be, like the old, defenceless and dependent on others.

  2. Media Construction of Reality

    of deep-seated social values and interests in the news, leading to 'moral panics'. Media reports portray a frightening image, Devine (2001) reported that there are disturbing links between the anti-globalizationists and religious zealots, they have a shared aim, similar structure and methods, and a vocabulary of extreme violence.

  1. Sociology - Womens and housework

    Some of the advantages of using this method are: * Less cost * I can research a large number of people quickly and easily. As a result of this questionnaire I intend to find out what domestic labour is done by women and men, how it is divided within the family, and also how women fell about their work.

  2. An investigation looking at nuclear families and the roles and responsibilities of each member ...

    The Validity refers to whether the findings accurately reflect the reality they are describing. The validity can be altered if someone decides to fill in a questionnaire in the way he/she thinks the researcher would like to get rather than the most truthful way.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work