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In this assignment I intend to thoroughly research the theory of Functionalism of the family

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Introduction

Assess one Sociological Theory of the family. Kathy cooper In this assignment I intend to thoroughly research the theory of Functionalism of the family. With this I will critically evaluate it with the Feminist and Marxist Perspectives on Reproduction and the Family. There are many different views within Sociology on the family and whether it is a positive or negative part of society. Functionalism is the oldest, and very much still the strongest, theoretical perspective in sociology. This perspective is built with two main views: Application of the scientific method to the objective social world and use of an analogy between the individual organism and social early functionalism. Many functionalists argue that social institutions are functionally linked to form a stable system and that a change in one institution will develop a change in other institutions; this is expressed by Durkheim and others as an "organic analogy." Structural functionalism, which was developed by Meyer Fortes and Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard, is the main theory of this concept. The Functionalist View of the Family is that the Functionalists believed in a theory that the family is a positive institution. ...read more.

Middle

It also ignores cross-cultural material (which Oakley provides) which shows that there is no reason why these roles have to be differentiated along gender lines. Oakley's 'Housewife' showed that married women are more depressed than single women. But it is argued that male dominated households, in which the fact of being born male, he has right to be the superior of all and every one of an entire half of the human race .How will boys grow up into men who treat women as equals? Feminist scholarship has continued, extended the attack on the conception of the family as a private personal realm. Indeed, the idea that "the personal is political" is the main idea of most contemporary feminism. Historically, it is argued that men have exercised enormous power over women's bodies through controlling their sexuality and reproduction. Feminists argue that the so-called private realms of family, sex and reproduction must be part of the political realm and thus subject to principles of justice for three distinct reasons: 1. Families are not "natural" orderings, but social institutions backed up by laws. Therefore, the state cannot choose not to intervene in families: the only question is how it should intervene and on what basis. ...read more.

Conclusion

ideas and beliefs that people have in a class society are themselves a material product of specific social institutions, and are distorted in ways that serve the interests of the dominant classes.technology and property relations) (Cohen 1978). Marxism view is that different times this century, family life has appeared to be breaking down and capitalism has been on the offensive to preach good family values. This is because family unit of today exists to serve the needs of capitalism. But also Contrary to what the bourgeois press would have us believe, the "normal" family has not always existed. The social organization of human society has changed throughout history. Friedrich Engel's, in The Origins of the Family, Private Property and the State, argued that the family, as a social unit, developed as a result of economic and social changes within human society: The end result was the creation of the ideal family, not only did this provide a means of ensuring the more efficient reproduction of labor power - it also had enormous potential as an ideological weapon backing up the oppression of women. The bourgeoisie imposed their own idea of a family upon the masses: a mother and father and their children - the nuclear family. ...read more.

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