• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what respects was there a 'separation of spheres' in the later half of the 19th century?

Extracts from this document...


In what respects was there a 'separation of spheres' in the later half of the 19th century? In the later half of the 19th century men and women were seen to live in 'separate spheres.' Public activity for men and domestic/private for women. However some upper class women did have the chance to do voluntary work such as charity work. Upper class women at this time where seen to obey their husbands, they had a role, they were ladies so they had to act like ladies. Women were excluded from the public sphere men where seen as top of society and women shouldn't get involved with politics as they wouldn't understand. Men were seen as more intelligent and had reason thought they had control over their wives, before 1850 the common law was that married women had no identity apart from that of her husband, husbands had the right to decide where to live and how to live. At this point in time it was also legal to beat up their wives and lock them up if they disobeyed their husband. Women also couldn't divorce their husbands and if they did separate the husband gets custody of the children. By 1850 many women had accepted the fact they were different and not equal to their husbands, especially upper and middle class women, but things changed and beliefs changed when the idea of a 'new woman' was introduced. ...read more.


These women wanted everyone to gain the vote especially working class men because they believed that the result of men gaining the vote would be higher wages and better working conditions and would then lead on to better living conditions which would benefit the whole family. June Hannam suggests that the aim of the chartist movement was to restore the traditional division of labour and sexual power, this meant that that men going out to work got the higher role in the labour movement and meant that working class women were to back down. The lives of working class women, employment and their roles at home with the family didn't bring them any political authority. At this time there was the emergence of the first generation of working men's club, which women had no part in and it was reassuring that men had a separate life away from women and their family. The club consists of leisure and mostly labour who were members of the trade unions. This club reinforced the division in the 19th century of the spheres public and private between men and women. By this time many working women didn't want to follow these rules, the roles of women were changing they wanted property rights, this is where the roles in women come in. Many women now wanted greater legal equality middle class women were now unhappy with sitting back and not having any other roles apart from the domestic role. ...read more.


These created small women councils, which allowed voting in a small election. There is slow progress for women at this time but in 1907 local government act aims to admit women to all local government authorities. Political parties improving and females getting involved would stand on the left government would stand on the right, this is were we see a growth of women's political organisations. From 1880 both labour and conservative had to involve women in the work, so in 1884 women were admitted to the Prim Rose led which was conservative. The first local women liberal association was founded in 1881, this group became the National women's liberal federation in 1887. Both groups were very different although they were women's groups. The Prim Rose led would not be suffrages, the womanly idea of being a lady effective and practical organisation. The labour party were more assertive and determined then the prim rose, they said that women should shape and remind the role of women, both groups however didn't agree with women suffrage. Women were not excluded from everything by now, they did have a role in politics on a local level from 1869 onwards. This shows how my the end of the 19th century the 'separate spheres' were changing, women were becoming more involved with public life and where allowing things to be changed. By late 1890's women were entering local government, serving schools, they had together passed new laws, which changed the higher status of the male, slowly gaining equal opportunities for women. ?? ?? ?? ?? Elizabeth Dye History Women 07/10/02 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Discuss the change from the "one sex" model to the "two sex" model and ...

    "In the 1789 declaration of the rights of man and citizen there was no explicit reference to an individual's sex or race."10 Finally an individuals right and liberties were equal to any other, with this in mind an argument was needed to establish social difference as a basis for enslavement.

  2. The role of women in society is very different today compared to the role ...

    Maggie clashes with the world of St. Ogg's in almost every way. But this environment enforces conventional gender ideals and encourages Maggie's sense of duty and submission. Her contradictory unruliness and vulnerability can be seen as signs of the disjunction between her individual needs and the social demands and values placed on her as a woman.

  1. The changing status of women in employment

    been recognised which is why they have gained respect in the world of work. Do you think that it is more socially acceptable for a woman to focus on her career than to start a family? Please give reasons for your answer I believe a career should come as second priority in a woman's life.

  2. Comparison Between the set roles of Late 19th Century men in the two plays ...

    Even though he seems well educated and speaks French, his intentions are evil and disloyal. The Count, Jean's employer, does not appear in any scenes but he is known as a stern authoritarian man and his presence throughout the play is noticeable through references by the staff and the 'bell' at the end of the play.

  1. What impressions do you get of 19th century Ibo society from your reading so ...

    The night is quiet except on moonlight nights. People fear of evil spirits and dangerous animals. They never call the name of snakes, but call them strings. But on moonlight nights, the atmosphere is totally different; it is filled with happy voices.

  2. The three aims of my coursework will be: To find out ...

    There are several different methods I could use and part of my decision is to what type of data I want to collect. There are two different types of data: Quantitative: data in the form of numbers and statistics e.g.

  1. Pakistani Women In a Changing Society.

    On the one hand there are families whose women are educated, sufficiently at least to hold down a 'respectable' job. On the other hand there are more traditional families whose women have not received a good education who therefore do not qualify for 'respectable' salaried jobs.

  2. The novel How the Other Half Lives by Jacob Riis shocked middle and upper ...

    They hardly bathed or cleaned, and basically lived like animals. Riis was convinced that the nature of the poor's environment was the major factor in the development of their morals and personalities, Riis states: "An individuals future was shaped ultimately by environmental factors."(Pg.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work