• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In your opinion, is this view consistent with Jean-Jacques Rousseau's ideas as expressed in The Social Contract?

Extracts from this document...


TMA 05 - Art History and Philosophy The feeling of another person should never be imposed upon us as a law, (Caspar David Friedrich, in Block 3,p.194) In your opinion, is this view consistent with Jean-Jacques Rousseau's ideas as expressed in The Social Contract? Friedrich's opinion that the feelings of another person should never be imposed upon us as a law differ from Rousseau who suggests that conforming to the general will is best for the individual and the whole of society. Rousseau states that for the greater good people will think and vote in a similar way, such as laws to protect society, therefore when people act and think for the benefit of society they are acting in the general will, the will of the people, and if they do not act in this way they should be forced to act in the general will. 'People should submit their will to the general will which cannot be wrong and whoever refused would be subject to compulsion, so to express the general will is to express every man's common will'. (In the words of Rousseau) The reason Rousseau argues that an individual's particular will is a product of appetite, therefore selfish. ...read more.


Rousseau explains that man can exist in two states, the state of nature and the civil state. The state of nature where the strongest take what they want, and therefore no one owns anything, as there will always be someone stronger who can take your possessions. While the Civil state allows agreed rules and laws to live by, for example proprietary ownership enabling individuals to keep their possessions stopping the strong taking from the weak. By then choosing to live within society, we choose to obey these rules and laws. Rousseau further suggests that we can live within this framework and yet still be free. By obeying the state whose authority is legitimate because it comes from the people, we are in fact only obeying ourselves even if forced to do so. Consider what evidence there is in Jacques-Louis David's paintings to show whether David would have agreed with Friedrich's statement. We need to understand that David was enthusiastic about the French Revolution and from 1789 participated in political life and in 1791 was elected a deputy of the Convention from Paris. In 1793 he voted for the death of Louis XVI and supported Robespierre, he was made a member of the Committee of Public Safety and artistic director (Davidbiography ) ...read more.


The impact on those viewing would have been dramatic, this man Marat, now immortalized, his body hung limp reminiscent of so many paintings of Christ on the cross would have been a very powerful image used as propaganda to influence people towards David's cause. Here David is once again imposing his thoughts and views onto others this time using patriotism. Whilst The Death of Socrates depicts a man who is willing to die for his beliefs, Socrates who was given the option to recant his beliefs or to commit suicide by drinking hemlock is seen reaching for the poison chalice while those around him are clearly distressed, yet Socrates defiant with his hand raised up as if to say I will never give up my beliefs and am willing to die for them; is once again sending a message that could influence those who may be waiving, here is a great man doing what is right. David produces works with the purpose to influence those who view it; he is imposing his ideology onto others, perhaps not in a forceful manner but more by subliminal methods similar to a modern day advertising executive. (A103 introduction to Humanities page 113) Davidbiography http://www.abcgallery.com/D/david/davidbio.html 29/05/05 (In the words of Rousseau http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_will 20/05/05) ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. evaluation of methods

    This means to improve the question I should ask 'if your parent did get married, in which way did they get married?'

  2. What did Rousseau mean by 'liberty'?

    his powers under the supreme direction of the general will; and we receive back as a corporate body, each member, as an indivisible part of the whole.'5 By placing ourselves and our powers under the general will, Rousseau is saying that we are giving up our natural liberty in return for civil liberty.

  1. Who Voted Nazi and Why?

    This meant that in the large cities the SPD manage to hold its vote well. While in other smaller towns this whole system was not in place allowing the communists and Nazis to gain votes. But it is unclear to what extent the Nazis managed to win over existing voters

  2. Gender advertising

    Thus, the extremely condensed form of communication in advertising lends itself exceptionally well to an examination of cultural values, beliefs, and myths connected to gender. I argue that it also lends itself to an examination of the desirable values and practices of the normative Indian-man and woman-in a postliberalised era.

  1. Deforestation of the Amazon Rainfores- Humanities Essay

    The Brazilian government are not doing too much to reduce CO2 emissions. Deforestation is a global issue as everyone is involved in the import and export of resources from the Amazon rainforest. If the whole of the Brazilian rainforest get's destroyed in 30 years it will not just be the

  2. Jean Jacques Rousseau.

    From 1766 until 1767 Rousseau sought refuge in England where he was invited by D. Hume but, after with time he found the differences in their philosophy unbearable and he parted for France. From 1770 he stayed in Paris. During the time he wrote memoirs and led a solitary life, earning by notes-copying.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work