• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Introduction to Sociology - questions and answers

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction to Sociology Unit One Assessment Section One 1. Describe in full what Sociology is. Sociology is a critical study of society and the social world we live in, It is a study of Me, You, People and Institutions. It investigates and analysis things such as social problems, social behaviour, culture, culture differences, human behaviour as groups and also on larger more predominant behaviour as a society on a whole. This study uses a lot of different methods in order to investigate the way society works and why humans do the things they do as a society. 2. Identify and explain one difference between Sociology and Common sense. Common sense is not based on fact, it is almost a set of beliefs learnt from experience and other peoples. Sociology is based upon research and scientific evidence. 3. Identify two differences Sociology and Psychology. Sociology looks at society on a large scale, where Psychology studies an individual. Psychology can be said to be a science that deals with individual mental behavior. Sociology on the other hand a science that deals with the development of human society. 4. Describe one similarity between Sociology and Psychology. Both Psychology and Sociology study human behavior, which is how they are similar. Having said that, Psychology goes a little deeper and tends to defines behavior as normal or abnormal. ...read more.

Middle

2. Identify two social institutions involved in the process of secondary socialisation. * Educational institutions: Secondary School/University * Religion: Unified beliefs 3. Describe one norm of learner action within a class room. One norm of a learner action in a classroom would be to conduct yourself in a "Student" manner, which consists of taking a seat, listening, take instructions, feed in information. 4. Describe why sociologist suggests that human behaviour is best understood as learnt rather than 'natural'. Sociologist suggest human behaviour is learnt because there is nothing in our natural instinct or genetic make-up that suggests humans are forced to behave in certain ways, for example kind or aggressive. From birth we have natural instinct elements which are to sleep and eat, if there was more to our natural instincts the population of the world's behaviour would not differ so much and would be continuous. This shows us there are things we learn and are taught. As time goes by people change, things change around us and we adapt and learn the behaviour as well as being shown. Section Three 1. Describe at least two features of the following sociological theories Functionalism * Functionalist believes society is a system formed of different bits. * Society is held together by consensus order. a) Marxism * Is a structural conflict theory which believes society is divided into two parts, Economic Base/Infra Structure & Superstructure * Believes everything to so with society starts from the Economy. ...read more.

Conclusion

Disadvantages are people are aware they are taking part in an experiment so the answers they give could be dis-honest. Also as it may be fixed question questionnaires participants would not be able to express their views in full. 6, Describe what quantitative analysis is. This is a study of content referring to pictures or text. With this method the researcher would use existing information to produce quantitative data based on what it is they are studying. 7. Take one of the following research areas: a) Identify and describe one appropriate research method to investigate the issue. Relationship between gender and educational achievement a) Identify and describe one appropriate research method to investigate the issue. A research method that could be used for this study could be to analyze Secondary Data such as government statistics. b) Using what you understand about the strengths of the method present a justification for your choice. By doing this the researcher can use data already existing to compare and contrast. Quantitative data maybe looked at for example government statistics and charts which would provide an established degree of validity and reliability. Secondary Data provides useful background historical data on people which makes this method the choice I would use. c) Describe the possible weaknesses in using the method. The data being looked at could actually be incomplete which would not be very resourceful for the researcher. Also the data maybe out of date. ?? ?? ?? ?? Selina Hall ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. What is sociology? Identify three ways that sociology can be applied to health? ...

    The Sick Role (Parsons, 1951) The model of the sick role was designed by Talcott Parsons in 1951. It was the first theoretical concept that openly questioned medical sociology. Parsons described the sick role as a temporary, medically accepted, of out of the ordinary form of behaviour.

  2. A-Level Sociology Theory + Methods Revision.

    FUTURE/ADVANCED COMMUNISM - "From each according to ability to each according to need. Four + Five are the most important. CONFLICT perspective = Competing interests of 2 classes in each historical period. Conflict stems from a person's position in the means of production i.e.

  1. Main features of Functionalism.

    The significant symbol brings out the same reaction in me as it does in others, it enables me to look at myself as others see me. The 'me' is precisely that, myself as others see me. The 2nd phase: The 'I' is the part that looks at myself and Mead sees this as the source of originality, creativity and spontaneity.

  2. WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH ANALYSIS? ILLUSTRATE ...

    The disadvantages of interviews are those mostly those regarding ethics. The researcher may be biased and influenced by the presence of the researcher. In addition, the interviewer must be aware of the social conventions of those being interviewed. For example when David Matza interviewed delinquents, a surprising number of them disapproved of such crimes.

  1. Research and questions and answers on Marriage.

    Marriage Types from Around the World Choose (5) of the following types of marriages, and for each type, locate an article that discusses this type of marriage. Then provide the following: a) your source (bibliography of website, journal etc.)

  2. Max Weber: Basic Terms (The Fundamental Concepts of Sociology)

    Fear and lack of knowledge of whether or not one is going to rot in hell led to a need for ordinary men to find certitudo salutis (certainty of salvation). Pastoral advice to these poor, tortured dudes contained two themes: 1)

  1. I have chosen questionnaire for my primary research method. A questionnaire is a list ...

    > Supporters of family values believe that the women's role in the family is to look after her husband and children. They believe the man's role is to go out work and earn the money. > Family members have a duty to look after each other and should take on

  2. Gender bias in Psychology

    men are better at visual perception than women anyway so why test it? Moscovici also used a laboratory situation to research minority influence. This research is an all women sample so once again beta bias is present as the results were generalised to both sexes.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work