• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Is Anarchism more individualist or collectivist?

Extracts from this document...


Is Anarchism more individualist or collectivist? The word 'anarchy' literally means 'without rule'. In every day language, anarchy still has negative associations and is often linked with chaos, disorder and terrorism. However this connection is misleading, because although at times anarchists have supported bombings and terrorism, most believe that violence is counterproductive and regard any kind of violence as morally unacceptable. Anarchists are optimistic about human nature, believing that in essence humans are good, but have been corrupted by a society that is lead by an oppressive state mechanism. They support the abolition of law and government, in the belief that a more natural and spontaneous social order will develop, suggesting that 'society seeks order in anarchy'. Anarchism is a wide and varied ideology. It does not represent a single coherent set of political ideas or a single movement. ...read more.


The natural and proper relationship between people is one of harmony and affection. Collectivists believe that when people are linked by a common humanity, they have no need to be regulated by a government. A number of obvious similarities exist between collective anarchism and Marxism. Both regard capitalism as class exploitation, and promote the collective ownership of wealth and communal organisation of social life and believe that a truly communist society would be anarchic. Collective anarchists and Marxists agree that human beings have the ability to conduct their affairs without the need for any state mechanism. However, anarchists reject the major role that economics plays in Marxist theory, preferring to concentrate on utopian hopes and the ideals of the masses rather than to their material or class interests. ...read more.


Genuine anarchism requires not only the overthrow of capitalism but the immediate removal of all forms of state power. There are various forms of collectivist anarchism. Mutualism is a system of fair and equitable exchange, in which individuals or groups can bargain with one another, trading goods and services without profit or exploitation. Social interaction is voluntary and mutually beneficial, requiring no regulation or interference by government. Anarcho communists admire small, self managing communities along the line of the medieval city-state or the peasant commune. Their ideal society would consist of a collection of largely self-sufficient communes, each owning its wealth in common. They would be held together by natural bongs of solidarity rather than rules and regulations. There would be no need for prisons or punishment, as in the eyes of anarcho communists, these merely corrupt and deprave human beings further. Jessica Cohen 13G - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work