• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Is Delinquency a major factor in youth culture, what theory best explains delinquency?

Extracts from this document...


Is Delinquency a major factor in youth culture, what theory best explains delinquency? When discussing delinquency all aspects have to be taken into account, such as gender, ethnicity and class. It is important to also assess the situation of delinquency within the public, how the mass media reacts to it and also how this has a knock on effect onto other people's views of delinquents. With the general subject of delinquents we have to look at how they are structured by gender, ethnicity and class. Delinquents generally tend to derive from the male sector of the population, Bob Coles writes: "Of those offenders who are identified by the courts or the police, four out of five (80%) are male and almost half (47%) of the offences are committed by those under the age of 21. As far as the police and the courts are concerned, therefore, crime is predominantly an issue to do with young men." This is proven by general statistics provided by the Home Office. There has however been some friction between parties over delinquency being a male dominated topic. With contradicting evidence, some suggesting that delinquency is very male dominated to it being relatively closely shared with the female sex. However the main fact that delinquency is not female dominated has come under scrutiny, Heidersohn suggesting that there may be greater surveillance that females have to endure and that there is a lack of opportunity to commit crime, blaming the increase of "ladettes" and of involvement in crime to the loosening of power over females. So with this we can generally see that if delinquency is a major factor in youth culture then it really concerns males more than females in general. ...read more.


The newspapers told stories of horrific terror, chaos and large scale rioting. Clacton was pictured in the media as being at the mercy of the gangs that roamed within it. Although these images became more familiar as time went on, this in no way represented the first 'meeting' of mods and rockers. Cohen argues that the reason why the mods and rockers took on this heavily delinquent behaviour was because of the moral panic that was created around their meetings, and so subsequently they began to behave in a delinquent way. This points to the possibility that delinquency is not a major factor within youth culture, but a major factor within the media about youth culture, and so youth cultures find themselves adapting to fit in with this view of youth cultures. Studies into the nature of delinquency were also conducted by the Chicago school, which refers to what was the first large-scale and lasting Anglo-American sociology department, opened in 1892 and based at the University of Chicago. Over the years people at the Chicago school have come up with the idea that there is a system to delinquency, calling it the 'ecological perspective' or 'urban ecology', borrowing the idea of ecology in that plants, animals and other lifeforms exist together, and that some crops grow better when nearer to others, and some insects develop in habitats where others die. This idea stayed within the thinking of Functionalists and their ideas and beliefs in sociology. This idea was taken by a student of the Chicago school Robert Park, and used to come up with the concentric ring model, stating that the city could be understood as a series of concentric circles or zones, a theory which is also used by geographers. ...read more.


in a bid to either divert attention from other matters if you are to believe Marxists, or simply because adults today forget the blemishes of their past, and firmly believe that things are worse now, and want to set out to prove it. However today most youth subcultures do not need violence or breaking trends to be part of a crowd. Today many youth cultures are built around trends, fashions and interests. In correspondence to the amount of youth subcultures there are there are not really any major delinquent groups, where there are considered to be some then these are usually exposed, made examples of and over publicised, resulting in delinquency frequenting the headlines, for those groups that do contain delinquency it is a major part of it. Even minor things to youths do have to be taken into account as delinquency such as under age drinking and minor drugs, these are still delinquent activities. But also delinquency is also part of youth subculture, it is not the focal point of it but a part of life, small offences that do not result in any harm apart to themselves are a part of their youth. Things such as the aforementioned. It is all up to them as to what they do with their lives, it is far more widespread and diverse across certain classes than it was, it is now spreading into middle and upper class and not only through working class. Within my personal group of friends we concentrate on forgetting most of life's problems and enjoy each other's company, if you like a release rather than conforming to what the group does. But we still participate in what we feel minor delinquency, it is still evident. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. A-Level Sociology Theory + Methods Revision.

    They argue that qualitative research provides a valid account of human behaviour. However, positivists argue that their work is merely a descriptive + isn't scientific because it can't be used as a basis for generalisation + is not replicable. Labelling Theory Mead - "I", "Me", significant other, self-concept, role-set, s.f.p Cooley - "Looking Glass Self", sig.

  2. The Pressures on Teenagers

    where the grades come from both their own motivation, and the motivation from friends. These are young adults who still need some help, as they have not quite found their identity yet. Adults need to help their children or pupils to keep this balance instead of pushing them one-way or the other.

  1. A Study of Football Hooliganism: Are Football Hooligans "Real" Fans?

    I will interview five different people in order to find out if they consider football hooligans as real fans. In addition to that I also intend to send an email to Metropolitan Police and a letter to West Yorkshire Police asking if they could send me any statistics or information that would help me in my research.

  2. The Effects of Juvenile Delinquency on Modern Society.

    Also the young women of our society were named and shamed with 42% in the youngest age group (16-17) having exceeding three units on at least one day in the week. Even though the government explained that these figures in themselves lacked much ecological validity which is to say relevance

  1. It is argued that subcultures define themselves in opposition to the dominant culture. ...

    Subcultures try to compensate for the failure of the dominant culture to provide adequate status, acceptance and identity. In the youth subculture, youth find their age-related needs met. It is a way-station in the life of the individual - it is as if society permits the individual to 'drop out'

  2. Is female to male as nature is to culture?

    their association with gender is far from clear-cut even within our own worldview. Boch and Boch (1980, in MacCormack & Strathern) examine the development of the concept of the relationship between women and nature from its roots in 18th century French writings and find great ambiguity and complexity within each writer's exploration of the subject, let alone between different writers.

  1. A Single Youth Culture? Youth culture and youth subcultures have been a subject of ...

    It could be said that not all bikers today share the same values and enjoy the same activities as do the 60s style of bikers. This could be because members of the subculture break away from a particular group or never 'join' in the first place.

  2. The Hidden Curriculum; Hegemony and Capitalism.

    We could use the stereotype of most doctors being male, while nurses are thought of as being female as an example of this. The use of stereotypes and labels combined with teacher's expectations in schools, expectations of what students can do and will do, plays a very big part in their education.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work