Is the nuclear family universal according to Murdock's theory
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Is the nuclear family universal according to Murdock's theory? It is a preconceives idea that the ideal family is the nuclear family mum dad and two point four kids but is it? There are many types of family in the world nuclear is not the only one there is single parent, reconstituted, step, matrifocal, homosexual, so what I am going to try and discover is if Murdock's theory is still holds true today. Murdock's definition of the family is two people of opposite sexes who live together to support a family with children and to provide economic emotion and financial support Evidence for Murdock Society accepts the nuclear family as the norm as most families do begin as a nuclear family and then evolve into another type of family, traditionally when Murdock was writing in the 1940's it was the one which was seen to be the most acceptable.
Any children which are born to the woman must be admitted to by one of her husbands but it doesn't have to be her tali husband. This family is matrilineal, marriage played no significant part in the raising of children forming of households or meeting economic needs. Therefore this family is not nuclear but as it is still accepted by society it proves Murdock's theory wrong. The second family I wish to look at is the matrifocal family which is mostly found in America and in islands off the West Indies, this type of family is for the most part headed by a black African-American woman these families may have come about because of the lifestyle and the beliefs of the parents and the way that they believe that their children should be raised.
of the children this type of family was started in Israel and slowly spread to the rest of the world and whilst it is not as common as other types of family it is still a family community and therefore does disagree with Murdock's family rule. To expand Murdock's rule to accommodate other types of families would make it better and more sensible for modern day society but then it wouldn't be Murdock's rule. When Murdock was writing the nuclear family may have been the most socially accepted family but times have changed and the family has evolved to accommodate different peoples views opinions and feelings towards what the family is, so even though Murdock's view of the family was right in the 1940's it is no longer a valid view of the family. Therefore the nuclear family is universal but so is the matrifocal step reconstituted and single parent.
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