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Ku Klux Klan.

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By: Ben Wickizer 1-27-01 Stine Period 5 THE KU KLUX KLAN The terrorist organization the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) began in the southern states during the winter of 1865-1866 as a prankish social group. The exact city the KKK started in was Pulaski, Tennessee. A former Confederate general, Nathan Forrest, founded the group and served as their first "Imperial Wizard." Albert Pike served as the Chief Justice of the KKK while he also was the Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite, Southern Jurisdiction. The KKK regarded the Reconstruction governments as hostile and oppressive. They also generally believed in the inferiority of blacks and therefore mistreated the rise of former slaves in social status. ...read more.


In the time between 1868 and 1870, while federal occupation troops were being withdrawn from the southern states and radical regimes replaced with Democratic administrations, the KKK was increasingly dominated by rougher elements in the population. The local organizations, called klaverns, became so uncontrollable and violent that the Grand Wizard officially disbanded the Klan in 1869. However, the klaverns continued to operate on their own. In 1871, Congress passed the Force bill to implement the 14th amendment, which guaranteed the rights of all citizens. The same year President Grant issued a proclamation calling on members of illegal organizations to disarm and disband. Afterward, hundreds of Klansmen were arrested. The remaining klaverns gradually faded as the political and social subordination of blacks was reestablished. ...read more.


Until 1920, the society made little influence. Then, in the period of economic struggle and political and social unrest that followed World War 1, the Klan expanded rapidly in urban areas and became active in many states. By the mid 1970's, the clan had gained some respectability. Acknowledged Klan leaders ran for public office in the South amassing sizable numbers in votes. Approximately 15 separate organizations existed including the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, the United Klans of America, and the National Klan. A resurgence of Klan violence occurred in the late seventies, and in 1980, a Klan office was opened in Toronto, Canada. The total membership was estimated at about 5000 at the end of 80's. A former Grand Wizard of the Klan, David Duke was actually elected to the Louisiana House of Representatives in 1989 and ran unsuccessfully for the states governor in 1991. ...read more.

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