• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Ku Klux Klan.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

By: Ben Wickizer 1-27-01 Stine Period 5 THE KU KLUX KLAN The terrorist organization the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) began in the southern states during the winter of 1865-1866 as a prankish social group. The exact city the KKK started in was Pulaski, Tennessee. A former Confederate general, Nathan Forrest, founded the group and served as their first "Imperial Wizard." Albert Pike served as the Chief Justice of the KKK while he also was the Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite, Southern Jurisdiction. The KKK regarded the Reconstruction governments as hostile and oppressive. They also generally believed in the inferiority of blacks and therefore mistreated the rise of former slaves in social status. ...read more.

Middle

In the time between 1868 and 1870, while federal occupation troops were being withdrawn from the southern states and radical regimes replaced with Democratic administrations, the KKK was increasingly dominated by rougher elements in the population. The local organizations, called klaverns, became so uncontrollable and violent that the Grand Wizard officially disbanded the Klan in 1869. However, the klaverns continued to operate on their own. In 1871, Congress passed the Force bill to implement the 14th amendment, which guaranteed the rights of all citizens. The same year President Grant issued a proclamation calling on members of illegal organizations to disarm and disband. Afterward, hundreds of Klansmen were arrested. The remaining klaverns gradually faded as the political and social subordination of blacks was reestablished. ...read more.

Conclusion

Until 1920, the society made little influence. Then, in the period of economic struggle and political and social unrest that followed World War 1, the Klan expanded rapidly in urban areas and became active in many states. By the mid 1970's, the clan had gained some respectability. Acknowledged Klan leaders ran for public office in the South amassing sizable numbers in votes. Approximately 15 separate organizations existed including the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, the United Klans of America, and the National Klan. A resurgence of Klan violence occurred in the late seventies, and in 1980, a Klan office was opened in Toronto, Canada. The total membership was estimated at about 5000 at the end of 80's. A former Grand Wizard of the Klan, David Duke was actually elected to the Louisiana House of Representatives in 1989 and ran unsuccessfully for the states governor in 1991. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Gender Assessment in Georgia.

    Georgia's economic progress is particularly hindered by the following three issues: economic position of women which is lagging behind men; considerable difference between women's and men's opportunity to raise their financial situation; and society's lesser belief in women's capability than that of men's.

  2. The ancient civilizations of Central and South America

    Many people volunteered to be sacrifices, but usually prisoners or slaves were sacrificed to the gods. The blood of the sacrifice was said to nourish the sun, and wet the heavens so that it would rain. � Just like most other cultures of their time, the Aztecs believed in an afterlife.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work