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major theoretical perspectives on socil stratification

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  • Essay length: 848 words
  • Submitted: 24/01/2007
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GCSE Sociology

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Major theoretical perspectives on social stratification

Marxists, Weberians and functionalists all have different theoretical perspectives on class and social stratification. This essay will establish and evaluate their major similarities and differences. It will discuss the main theories, their strengths and weaknesses, their usefulness and how true they are to today's society.

Functionalists split class into a number of layers, based upon economic achievement such as occupation. So according to functionalists a company director would be of a higher class layer than that of a plumber. This is a good way to determine class as it is very simple and obvious, however not as good as many people believe, as do Weberists, there are a lot more factors to take into account.

According to functionalists society is layered due to unequal rewards being given for different jobs. They believe that this layering is essential in society, as otherwise everybody would choose to do the easiest unskilled jobs and nobody would train for the more difficult ones, as the money is the same either way. This is true to life as people go to university to study to get the skills required to get highly paid jobs, without

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