• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

major theoretical perspectives on socil stratification

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Major theoretical perspectives on social stratification Marxists, Weberians and functionalists all have different theoretical perspectives on class and social stratification. This essay will establish and evaluate their major similarities and differences. It will discuss the main theories, their strengths and weaknesses, their usefulness and how true they are to today's society. Functionalists split class into a number of layers, based upon economic achievement such as occupation. So according to functionalists a company director would be of a higher class layer than that of a plumber. This is a good way to determine class as it is very simple and obvious, however not as good as many people believe, as do Weberists, there are a lot more factors to take into account. According to functionalists society is layered due to unequal rewards being given for different jobs. They believe that this layering is essential in society, as otherwise everybody would choose to do the easiest unskilled jobs and nobody would train for the more difficult ones, as the money is the same either way. ...read more.

Middle

This is relatively true to life as the business owners do tend to lead a completely different, separate life than that of the workers. However this is not so true to life, as Marxists believe that it is very difficult for somebody of the proletariat to change class as they have very little to give, other than their labour, which the bourgeoisie exploit. This is very different from the functionalist view which is that everybody as equal opportunity to succeed in life. Marx's view is more true to life as a lot of people do not have the money in the first place to pay for the training required if they are to succeed. However the functionalist view is also true as there is a lot of financial help and support available in today's society making succeeding more possible. Marx believed that capitalist society would eventually lead to a revolution resulting is a communist society. ...read more.

Conclusion

The functionalist view mentions that there are an unlimited number of levels in today's society; this can be seen as being true to life today as there are so many different people doing different things that could make them of a slightly higher or lower position then someone else. However with Marx's view there is no question about what class somebody would be in, it simply breaks class in two easy parts. Marx believed that in a communist society it would be fairer as everybody would be equal. However this view is not good as certain essential roles would not be filled. Social stratification is good as it allows various roles to be filled and also gives people something to aim for; functionalists believe everybody has an equal opportunity. However social stratification is not good as is causes inequality which may result in higher crime and social marginalization. Therefore functionalism is the most true to today's world. Paul Gilbert ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Compare and Contrast Marx and Weber's view on Stratification

    means of production, but from economic differences, which have nothing directly to do with property. Status in Weber's theory refers to differences between social groups in the social honour or prestige they are accorded by others. In traditional societies, status was often determined on the basis of first-hand knowledge of

  2. Gender as a form of Social Stratification.

    This model of reality has forced students to internalise the need to get a university education so that as workers they can exercise more choice over their livelihood - education is heavily linked to future pay packets. I Although it's fairly clear (from writers such as Mead and Oakley)

  1. Max Weber: Basic Terms (The Fundamental Concepts of Sociology)

    There is no legal wisdom oriented to judicial precedent. Charismatic authority is specifically irrational in the sense of being foreign to all rules. It repudiates the past, and is in this sense a revolutionary force. It is hostile to everyday economic considerations. It can only tolerate irregular, unsystematic, acquisitive acts. In traditional periods, it is the greatest revolutionary force.

  2. Social stratification.

    Some upward mobility was possible if land was given as a gift by the owner of the first estate. First estate The King, aristocrats and gentry Second estate the church e.g. bishops, abbots and clergy Third estate Merchants, artisans and serfs "Slavery is an extreme form of inequality in which

  1. This essay will explain the functionalist, Marxist and Social action theories of race and ...

    In this sense, it can be noticed that this study fails to acknowledge the importance of skin colour when establishing the cause of prejudice and discrimination. It underestimates the power of the 'white superiority' legacy and that racism has significantly established historical background, which was based solely on skin colour.

  2. Social Stratification.

    Fertility refers to how many live born children the average women will have. Fecundity is the numbers of children women are able to have in biological terms. It is physically possible for a normal woman to bear a child every year during the period when she is capable of conception.

  1. The Horror and Sci-fi genres: General Theoretical Approaches.

    "The Terminator" In The Terminator, a cyborg killer is sent to present day Los Angeles from the future in order to kill a young woman, Sarah Conner. In response, a lone freedom fighter from the future, Kyle Reese, is sent back also, to protect her.

  2. What are the major dimensions of social stratification?

    Therefore it can be said that those at the top are considered to be superior to those at the bottom. One can note that in most systems of stratification, the group occupying the higher stratum tent to have a smaller population that those at the bottom.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work