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"Marxism and other theories of social conflict are irrelevant to an understanding of modern society". Assess the extent to which sociological arguments and evidence support these views

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Introduction

"Marxism and other theories of social conflict are irrelevant to an understanding of modern society". Assess the extent to which sociological arguments and evidence support these views Modern society can be defined as the time where as I time where industry, bureaucracy, science, the division of labour and technology. It also includes the decline of community and religion. Many sociologists such as Durkheim, Weber and Marx have theories which predict/explain/argue with the features of modern society enabling a wider understanding. Conflict theories, such as Marxism and Feminism can be described as irrelevant in today's society as their ideas may no longer explain society in the modern world. The enlightenment is an aspect of modern society which grants confidence in the ability of human reason to provide an understanding of the world, a way too validate this is to say that society now is not based on conflict, but a foundation of knowledge. Smart (1992) would argue that "An understanding or knowledge of natural and social reality was deemed to depend on a unity of reason and observation, made possible by the practice of scientific methods or enquiry". ...read more.

Middle

As in modernity the universe centers on the individual, it must so equally for everyone. This makes class and gender conflicts irrelevant as the 'sovereign individual' reinforces the concept of equality. The functionalist Durkheim introduced the idea of social facts; these are external to individuals but act on them in a constraining way. These can be like laws that don't affect the person in society apart from stopping a certain aspect of their behavior from occurring. Dusrkheim suggests two ways in which these can occur firstly by determining the cause of it from previous facts, the other that it is needed to help one of the functions of society. Both are present in society as a whole, these according to functionalists control and maintain the functions of society that is mainly true in today's society with law and order as a form of social control Marxist's general belief is one concerning class based inequalities across the generations. This means that throughout modernization, traditional Marxists will still believe that the inequalities remain and the changes in the economy only justify them. ...read more.

Conclusion

Weber would also accentuate disenchantment in today's society. There is less religion and people do generally not believe in "the magic" of life as much as they used to. This is due to 'rationalisation the process by which modes of precise calculation based on observation and reason increasingly dominates the social world. Rationalization is a habit of thought that replaces tradition, emotion, and values as motivators of human conduct. Bureaucracy is a particular case of rationalization applied to human social organization'... In conclusion it seems that Marxism and other theories of conflict are, to a degree, irrelevant to an understanding of modern society as with the rise of science and decline of religion more and more theories of consensus and unity help describe today's culture. However, without the conflicts of class and gender society would have never evolved into what it is now, because of this it plays a big part in the social structure. We can plainly see that conflict did help in the design of modern society but no longer has a place. ?? ?? ?? ?? Matthew Proctor ...read more.

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