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Marxism, Functionalism and how the family has developed to its position in today's society.

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Introduction

In this essay it will look at the following; Marxism, Functionalism and how the family has developed to its position in today's society, the effect of primary socialization on social identity, how family experiences could influence social identity and also the analysis of young and willmotts 4 stages of family life. From a Marxist theory we have come to believe that primitive communism was the fielding of pre- history society Classes ceased to exist in this era of time and societies was based on a socialist mode of production,(marx.k-p33-HARALAMBOS and HOLBORN) and this criteria was based on the hunting and gathering band, and there were no rules limiting sexual relationships, so it seemed that this was the earliest form of human society. ...read more.

Middle

Nowadays children have a childhood and enjoy life as a child. The Functionalist sees the pre-historic family as a unit of production, because the family all worked together to produce food to feed their family and their working patterns were passed down in a traditional way across generations. Whereas now the Functionalist is more focused on reproduction, child rearing, and socialization. Talcott parsons suggests that the two main functions of the family are Primary Socialization and Personality Stabilization. Primary Socialization being the process of children learning the cultural norms and values of society in which they are born. When a child is born into a catholic home the child would be raised knowing about the Catholic Church and its meaning and this would be the effects of primary socialization on social identity. ...read more.

Conclusion

This caused families to split up. Stage 3 is the Symmetrical/Privatised Nuclear Family; this family emerged in middle class but spread into the working class, very home centred and private, the roles of Husband and Wife more equal. Stage 4 is the Asymmetrical Family, whereas the upper class set trends for family life. This essay concludes that all the theorists involved was that their pre-modern idea was more or less the same, yet their modern views were so different, that no two families are the same, and that the nuclear family are the most equipped for industrial society, and that there is more focus on socialization and the norms and values through everyday life. ...read more.

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