• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Marxism, Functionalism and how the family has developed to its position in today's society.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In this essay it will look at the following; Marxism, Functionalism and how the family has developed to its position in today's society, the effect of primary socialization on social identity, how family experiences could influence social identity and also the analysis of young and willmotts 4 stages of family life. From a Marxist theory we have come to believe that primitive communism was the fielding of pre- history society Classes ceased to exist in this era of time and societies was based on a socialist mode of production,(marx.k-p33-HARALAMBOS and HOLBORN) and this criteria was based on the hunting and gathering band, and there were no rules limiting sexual relationships, so it seemed that this was the earliest form of human society. ...read more.

Middle

Nowadays children have a childhood and enjoy life as a child. The Functionalist sees the pre-historic family as a unit of production, because the family all worked together to produce food to feed their family and their working patterns were passed down in a traditional way across generations. Whereas now the Functionalist is more focused on reproduction, child rearing, and socialization. Talcott parsons suggests that the two main functions of the family are Primary Socialization and Personality Stabilization. Primary Socialization being the process of children learning the cultural norms and values of society in which they are born. When a child is born into a catholic home the child would be raised knowing about the Catholic Church and its meaning and this would be the effects of primary socialization on social identity. ...read more.

Conclusion

This caused families to split up. Stage 3 is the Symmetrical/Privatised Nuclear Family; this family emerged in middle class but spread into the working class, very home centred and private, the roles of Husband and Wife more equal. Stage 4 is the Asymmetrical Family, whereas the upper class set trends for family life. This essay concludes that all the theorists involved was that their pre-modern idea was more or less the same, yet their modern views were so different, that no two families are the same, and that the nuclear family are the most equipped for industrial society, and that there is more focus on socialization and the norms and values through everyday life. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the contribution of functionalism to our understanding of the family.

    4 star(s)

    Consequently, as with Murdock, there are many criticisms of Parsons. Initially, as with Murdock, Parsons has been accused of idealising the family with his picture of well-adjusted children and sympathetic spouses caring for each other's every need. It is a typically optimistic, modernistic theory that may have little relationship to reality.

  2. This essay will compare two different sociological perspectives Marxism and Functionalism through society and ...

    Furthermore, sport has a sanitary function to society as it beneficially contributes towards member's health. As conclusion about both perspectives it can be said: Marxism 'leads people to see sport as a reflection of the economic forces operating in society' (Coakley, 2001 pg29).

  1. The Fundamental Differences Between Functionalism, Marxism and Social Action Theory.

    there can be little or no deviation once our path is decided. They place a lot of emphasis on the role that is already occupied by the person within societies, rather than the one you could attain given the chance.

  2. Changes in Family Roles

    for long periods of time and therefore our chores could not be shared. I took care of you and the house while your father worked.

  1. Discuss the key concepts within, and state the similarities and differences between, the following ...

    However, there are a large number of differences between the two theories. For example functionalists explain everything in terms of the function it performs in society, particularly the way in which it keeps the social system as a whole in good order.

  2. The position of widows in Nepalese society - sociological study.

    The author explores the process of becoming a widow; poverty and social security in the context of widowhood; differing laws and customs regarding widows' inheritance; the situation of widows who remarry and issues of sexuality and health. She also looks at the needs of specific groups of widows - refugees,

  1. Main features of Functionalism.

    A biological system, i.e. a physical environment to which societies adapt. Parsons further argues that any system must satisfy four needs or requirements if it is to survive, and in each case, a specialist sub-system is developed to meet each requirement.

  2. Marxism and Functionalism and their contribution to sport.

    A very recent example of money and its impact on sport is The England and Wales Cricket Board's decision to send its players to a World Cup match in Zimbabwe regardless political concerns due to the dictatorship of president Mugabe and the possible propaganda impact the match might have.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work