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my sociological study

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Sociology Essay I will be investigating social interaction amongst different members of society and then applying the thoughts of the "three grandfathers of sociology" to their behaviour. I chose to do my sociological study in a pub, called the Monks Retreat, which is situated in Reading city centre and is one of the JP Weatherspoons franchises. I started my study at 3pm on Tuesday 22nd November 2005. I decided upon a pub, because it is an environment where a lot of different types of people are brought together into one place and so are easily observable, also a pub is a place where people often feel comfortable and so are more likely to interact socially with people around them. The Monks Retreat's main clientele are predominantly single old men aged around 50-65, however due to its nature a lot of other groups of people entered which led to some interesting altercations. The majority of the patrons were of lower class, which was observable through their habits when buying drinks, and their shopping trends. The Monks Retreat also attracts a lot of middle class businessmen entering for lunch on their own, as well as a large amount of students and teenagers. ...read more.


Max Weber was another key sociologist of the 19th century. He like Marx believed that classes exist, however he also believed in other crosscutting groups, social organisation; class, status and party. I believe Weber's ideas; explain the behaviour of many on the men in the pub very well. Weber claims that within the working class, there are status groups, which draw boundaries between themselves and the rest of society, in order to maintain a resource. If status groups do exist then the single men that were observed all fit into the same bracket. The men who were regulars in the pub were all of the same class, and interacted with each other very well. As I observed the group more I noticed subtle, similarities between the regulars ordered drinks, most were known by their first name, which is a sign of affection but none said please or thank you to the young bar staff, believing that they were the most important people in the establishment. When "new" individuals come into there surrounding the regulars, got distasteful and unhappy as they would have to wait longer for their drinks, and so did not get their usual attention. This makes me believe that in the pub environment the resource is firstly the alcohol, which the gentlemen are there for, and the attention of the staff members is the resource, which this status group holds so dear. ...read more.


Durkheim also believes that society stays together, because it tries to by default. The environments like pubs bring people together and give them a reason to socialise. A group of old men probably don't have a lot else to do. For the group of competitive men I believe that the time that they spend together might be the happiest that they have, as they all clearly enjoy the banter and as they left they were given a warm send off by almost all of the pub. As the regulars left, almost all of the other people said goodbye to them using their first names, which seems to suggest that they have a lot of friends in these establishments. So it could be seen as a religion for these gentlemen, as religion is man worshipping society, and the rituals, which these gentlemen have like making fun of themselves and the staff, are emotional actions and could give them a sense of collective belonging. It also reinforces their sense of community, which could be why they welcome the young gentlemen who seem to be in the same status group as themselves, and why they get so possessive and agitated when things change for them, like new people entering there environment. 18/12/2007 Page 1 of 3 ...read more.

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