• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and assess the view that the exercise of power inevitably involves negative consequences for some individuals.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline and assess the view that the exercise of power inevitably involves negative consequences for some individuals. Many sociologists have different views of power and Marxists have a negative view of power and believe that power has consequences for some individuals. However, functionalists believe that power has positive consequences for some individuals. Also other sociologists see it both ways and believe that power has positive and negative consequences for individuals. Weber is a sociologist who sees it both ways. Weber believes in the Zero-sum view of power which implies that the exercise of power has negative consequences for some individuals and groups as it involves repression, coercion and constraint. An example of this would be when a police officer arrests a criminal. He also believed that power can be split into three type of authority which are: Charisma, Tradition and Rational-legal. Weber's types of authority are 'ideal types.' it means that they are pure but not the best. So the purest type is the ideal type. An example of this is that charismatic authority may contain aspects of traditional and rational-legal authority. ...read more.

Middle

Their conception of power sees it as a positive resource and, as such, is characterised by legitimacy and consensus. Talcott Parsons argues that power results from the sharing of collective resources. This is in order to achieve social and cultural goals. Functionalists also believe that power is a functional resource. Parsons' ideas about power focus on the traditional functionalist ideas of value consensus and normative harmony and stability. This Parsonian functionalist image of power can be compared to modern banking. Therefore politicians are like brokers or bankers, which means that they are allowed to borrow or invest the power that has been given to them by their subjects or citizens. Sociologist Anthony Giddens criticises the functionalist analyses of power. He suggests that power is a part of all social relations and interactions. However, for many feminists the study of politics starts not with institutions of parliament, parties and pressure groups, or even with society of elites and the ownership of wealth, but with differences of power at the personal level. This is summed up in their slogan 'the personal is political'. ...read more.

Conclusion

He believes that this power will impose definitions of 'normality' has become part of institutionalised life and may result in individuals being criticised, treated prejudicially and punished for being different, i.e. for indulging in behaviour or for holding attitudes that challenge the discourse. We avoid behaviour and attitudes that are likely to provoke even more surveillance and discipline from official agencies such as the police. His work has been criticised for not empirical in the conventional research sense. He tended to support his arguments with selective historical examples rather than updated examples and systematically gathering contemporary data. It is not entirely clear why disciplinary power and bio-power evolved or who exercises these types of power. It may be unrealistic to suggest that no group benefits more than others from exercising this type of power. Overall it can be said that there are many different views of power and Marxists believe that power can have negative consequences for some individuals and an example of this is when a police officer arresting a criminal. In my opinion I think that the statement is true because someone could take the power they have been given too seriously and that could have negative consequences. Laura Rogers 13.5 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Max Weber: Basic Terms (The Fundamental Concepts of Sociology)

    of Modern Capitalism C'ism is present wherever the industrial provision for the needs of a human group is carried out by the method of enterprise. A rational capitalistic enterprise is one with capital accounting, according to the methods of modern bookkeeping and the striking of a balance.

  2. Crime - 'The media portrays ethnic minorities in negative ways', Discuss.

    much more detail, because you could access the news more easily, it also influences a large audience because it's visual, also because its everywhere and is something you can watch, also because the TV has regular updates with pictures ect, and it's a way to keep people in the UK update about the rest of the world.

  1. Explain Foucault’s conception of power, with reference to one or more of his historical ...

    like Marxism and Functionalism. He also rejects the idealist and humanist writings that trace history. He believed that these structuralist approaches had decisively decentred the subject and Foucault wanted to find out how one could study the history of ideas without the subject (Cuff, Sharrock & Francis, 2001).

  2. Pitted against Patriarchy

    It is these cultural constructs which succeed in marginalizing women and as a single woman, Judith Hearne simply does not have the status and therefore the power to be subversive. She desires to be accepted into these patriarchal constructs and therefore attempts to play out these performances.

  1. Money and Power still remains with Caucasians

    Austria $ 30,000 9 Canada $ 29,800 10 Ireland $ 29,600 11 Belgium $ 29,100 12 Australia $ 29,000 13 Netherlands $ 28,600 14 Japan $ 28,200 15 United Kingdom $ 27,700 16 France $ 27,600 17 Germany $ 27,600 18 Finland $ 27,400 19 Monaco $ 27,000 20 Sweden

  2. Unit 4 Assessment: Power & Politics

    Those that have very little influence over politics because their group has no power in politics e.g. scouts. Even the groups that are related and involved in politics are usually very specialised and focused on one topic e.g. Greenpeace. Leadership of these groups is also an issue because the leaders

  1. Comparison of Repression.

    She was always teaching him lessons on how to become a man; therefore he rarely enjoyed his childhood. In "The Story of An Hour", Louise was repressed by her sister, Josephine, because she viewed Louise and weak because of her heart condition.

  2. Outline and assess the view that

    Integral to this study was the study of deviant groups, with Frederic Thrasher's "The Gang" (1927) and Whyte's "Street Corner Society" (1943) demonstrated that deviant groups in society had clear norms and values of their own that justified their different behaviour. The seconded of these schools was the "Strain Theory".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work