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Outline and evaluate the process of Labelling and self-fulfilling prophecy As factors in the under achievement of Some pupils in school.

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Introduction

Outline and evaluate the process of Labelling and self-fulfilling prophecy As factors in the under achievement of Some pupils in school. Labelling and self-fulfilling prophecies are main factors in the educational system and therefore have a profound effect on the individuals self-concept and behaviour. Throughout I will outline and examine some socialists arguments. Labels can be applied to individuals from people who have a position of authority, I.E. Teachers, parents, etc...Teachers have been a prevalent force of labelling and self-fulfilling prophecy throughout the centuries, they generally come from a middle class background and the identify more with the middle class student. Their judgements against pupils are influenced by factors other than ability to achieve but issues arising from speech, dress and social background. One socialist, Talcott Parsons argued that schools take over from the family as a primary source of socialisation. He believed that the schools were meritocracy regardless of class, those who had ability would achieve in school and later progress in adult life, whereas those without ability would do less and have a more menial level of achievement. ...read more.

Middle

was context bound, and the Elaborate code which was not context bound, he purposed that the middle class students were fluent in both codes and the working class were confined to the restricted code. This places a disadvantage on the working class children as teachers used the elaborate code to communicate. Marxists would also argue that equality was impossible in a classed based society, they said the education system exists in order to mould children into their class defined roles in order to benefit capitalism, were it serves the rich well and keeps the poor down. This relies on the idea that someone is labelled in a particular way and others will respond to their behaviour in terms of the label, and that person will act accordingly. This is known as the concept of labelling theory and self-fulfilling prophecy. Rosenthal and Jacobson performed an experiment where they selected 20 students at random to take an I.Q. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is consistent with the those of working class or of ethnical background. Once placed in the bottom stream children become victims of the self-fulfilling prophecy and they again take on the role expected of them, leaving the middle class to dominate the higher stream. Ethnic minority backgrounds also faced problems through the education system, for some their primary language was not English making their studies a foreign language to them. Although West Indian children do speak English at home their studies here are of different dialect. Black children have created belief in some teachers minds that they are more likely to be under achievers and slow learners, so this can influence their performance and retard their progress in schools. The functionalist view was very narrow and was accused of painting a pretty picture of inequality, they argued that it was necessary for social success and that not everyone had the ability to achieve, but they showed little if any consolation by that statement to those who felt betrayed and kept down by the educational system. ...read more.

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