• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Over the years Sociologists have argued that people with similar social characteristics tend to vote for the same parties. This usually goes for Social Class.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Over the years Sociologists have argued that people with similar social characteristics tend to vote for the same parties. This usually goes for Social Class. From 1945 to 1970 many of the voters in Britain saw themselves as either Labour or Conservative and therefore they voted accordingly. This loyalty to a particular party is known as Partisan Alignment. For years Labour (Left Wing) has been seen as the party for the workingman and Conservative (Right Wing) seen as the party for the Middle classes, and this was usually reflected in that of voting patterns, like in the 1964 election where 64% of working class people voted labour and 62% of middle class and upper classes voted Conservative. These links between social class, party identification and voting behaviour is known as Class Alignment. According to Butler and Stokes (1974) what actually accounts for Partisan and Class Alignment is Political Socialisation. This is where children where socialised into following there parents party identification and their party loyalty. ...read more.

Middle

Factors such as these tend to weaken class identification, which in turn leads to partisan Dealignment. Secondly its argued that people are increasingly guided by party policy rather than loyalty when casting there votes. Recently in the elections Labour swept to victory. Ivor Crewe and Katrina Thompson conducted a study into Partisan Dealignment. They looked at the strength of party identification; they argued that very strong identification indicates a strong commitment to the party. Evidence from the elections showed a steady decline in the percentage of voters who very strongly identified with a political party (From 44% in 1964 to 16% in 1997) because of this evidence it was suggested that partisan Dealignment is still continuing. Reasoning for continuing Dealignment according to David Sanders in the 1997 election is because Tony Blair and Labour managed to convince 'Middle Britain' that he had shed most of the baggage from old labours social past, and by 1997 the gap between Labour and Conservative has narrowed considerably as there were few differences between both parties policies and voters recognized this. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion it seems as though there is a general agreement that process of partisan and class Dealignment have been occurring since the 1970's. A process of Dealignment does not necessarily mean that partisan loyalty and class based voting have ended, only that they have declined. The question is will Partisan Dealignment continue? Also it seems as though gender and age can have a major effect on voting patterns. In order to conduct find conclusive evidence for 'Partisan Alignment' in the General Election of 2005 I had to ask a large number of people. I simply asked them two questions, which were; "What is your Occupation?" and "Whom did you vote for?" From this I could gather results in order to try to find a link between social class and the party they support. After gathering the research I narrowed down a few more interesting of the results to interview in graver detail. I left it to an open interview to allow for the respondents to express there own views on the matter and in order to avoid leading questions. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. To what extent did the political and social legislation of Gladstone and Disraeli's ministries ...

    Short term effects of this, was that it was becoming more and more evident that the working class began to have more of a say in politics, as the electorate increased by 2.6 million. This put pressures on the political parties to appeal to the working class voters, thus achieve the aims.

  2. Does Class Alignment Still Exist In British Politics?

    investigating the effect of partisanship upon voting behaviour and identifying what other social statuses are linked to class alignment. Primarily, this will involve three variants - a gender study, an age study and a demographic study. With gender, I intend to discover whether it is males or females who differ

  1. Young people, class and gender

    Falmouth is a harbour town in Cornwall and is surrounded by many small villages. The young women involved with the consultation for this essay were white and of British origin, it is important to recognise the data collated by myself represents the views of Young White Women from a variety

  2. Gender Socialisation

    M = Male and F = Female. 1st Household Task Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun Cooking M M M M M F F Vacuuming M/F M/F M/F M/F M/F M/F M/F Ironing F F F F F F F Washing up M M M M M M M

  1. Is class a useful concept in explaining social action? It has been argued that ...

    Marx sees the labourer as exploited since they only spend some of their working day creating these new values, and the rest of the day is spent creating surplus value which is retained by the capitalist, used for investment and profit amongst others.

  2. Philosophies of Social Science.

    * Individualism and knowledge ('how' questions) Individualism is not only a central concern in debates about what should be, but also in attempts to discover how things are. It has become not just a principle of politics, religion and morality, but also a principle of scientific inquiry.

  1. Crime and Social class - Hypothesis - 'There is a relationship between social ...

    < Have you ever been the victim of crime? > < Do you live in fear in your own home? > These questions were intended to see just how bad crime was in the area. <How many police patrol your area?

  2. Spurce based questions on sufferage and womens right to vote.

    The woman in Source 1 wants to be able to make her own decisions about whom she marries, whom she votes for, how many kids she wants to have and not having to go through every day tired from the work the day before.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work