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Plato and the Republic.

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Plato and the Republic In his desire to identify and define justice, Plato explored many avenues and answered many pressing questions of him time. He found that the best way to discover justice was to identify its context. By which he described, in his opinion, the five types of states (governments) and, correspondingly, the five types of individuals in those different states. In order for a just man, and likewise, an unjust man, to succeed and be profitable, Plato thought it necessary to understand these different societies and the types of individuals contained within them. Thus, the key to achieving a state where a just individual in more profitable than an unjust individual is to "decide which state was the best and which the worst, and then consider whether or not the best is also the happiest, the worst the most miserable."1 As described and discussed by Plato, the five types of government are oligarchy, timocratic, democracy, despotism, and the constitution of Crete and Sparta better known as an aristocracy. ...read more.


It is Plato's opinion that "a democratic government could only exist in a small city-state."3 This form of government also violated Plato's belief that each man should stick to the position they were best designed for. The end result of this form is an unruly mob totally controlled by desire and willing to exceed any limitations to fulfill their appetites. Despotism, a government ruled by one person, often leads to trannic rule. In this society, a single individual has gained control of the mob and brought about peace to the state, but a tyrant cators to only his personal interests without consideration to the state as a whole. Plato believed that Tranny paved the way for democracy as a means for one ruler to stay in control while giving the appearance of doing what is right for the majority of the people. A tyrranic person is one who spends his entire life satisfying his own desires, while sacrificing everything else that matters. ...read more.


appetitive souls in order to achieve a safe society that promotes just living in such a way that unjustice is simply not the alternative. Another conclusion to be made is that it is simply easier to be just than unjust. The just individual, likewise, the just state, would find it far better to be honest than to lie and try to keep track of all the avenues and networks it has formed through those lies with different people and different states. Thus, the effortless harmony of the souls of the just individual cause them to profit because the truth is only natural. Whereas an unjust person would have to work three times as hard to maintain the truth as well as the lies told in an attempt to achieve a result through the least resistance and least effort. Yet, as Plato concludes, the real profit would go to the man who lead the just life simply in terms of "rewards and punishment after death."4 1 Plato. The Republic of Plato, 267 2 Plato, 273 3 Plato, 279 4 Plato, 315 ...read more.

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