• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

research into educational achievement, class and parental involvement

Extracts from this document...


Sociology AS Coursework Hypothesis The hypothesis I am going to research is ''middle class pupils, in Manchester Secondary schools, who achieve at GCSE, is a result of a high level of parental interest'' I will be using the theory Liberal functionalism to focus on the amount of interest parents give towards their children's schoolwork. My reasons for conducting this study is because whilst doing my GCSE's I had a great deal of encouragement from my parents and achieved good high grades. Also my working class friend did not achieve as well as I did due to the lack of interest that her parents had given her. Word count (103) Context and Concepts The concepts I am going to research are social class and parental interest. Social class can be defined as broad groups of people who share a similar economic situation, such as occupation, income, status and lifestyle. I will measure social class using the standard occupational classification. Class directly relates to my hypothesis by looking at middle class educational achievement. My second concept, parental interest, is defined as the amount of attention and contribution parents give to their children, with their education. ...read more.


Main Research Method and Reasons. The research method that I have chosen is a structured questionnaire as this will help test my hypothesis as structural theories, such as liberal functionalism, favour the positivist methodological approach as it gives data a scientific quality to the research. Structured questionnaires produce quantitative data. It measures as assesses achievement, which can be expressed in a form via exam results. This therefore allows me to show comparisons between both middle class and working class and allowing me to measure the amount of interest parents give to their children. This will be shown statistically in percentages. Structured questionnaires is reliable as it uses set questions with set answers, such as '' Did your parents attend parents evenings regularly?'' '' YES or NO''. This indicates that such a method is able to be replicated and similar results can be obtained, making it more scientific and valid. To operationalise my concepts, I will measure it through set questions and answers. For example, to test parental interest, I might ask ''Did your parents help you with homework?''. Also to operationalise social class I might ask an open question such as ''What are your parents occupation?'' ...read more.


out that working class parents may have had less flexible working hours which therefore lead the parents to not attend parents evening. Another theoretical problem is that, as my hypothesis looks at the educational achievement of when students took their GCSE's, my response needed from the students depend on them remembering their results. If they have little remembrance of what they achieved then this would lower the reliability and the validity of my research. Whilst carrying out this research, ethical issues will occur with the problem of intruding into people's lives, as I am dealing with sensitive and personal issues. The students might feel the need to disclose their exam results or their parents' occupation or even where they live, as they may be embarrassed. Another problem which may arise is the practical issues. By administering my sample at Loreto College means excluding those on Modern Apprenticeships and in jobs, which means a high number of those who underachieved and failed to go on to further education or those, whose parents emphasised immediate gratification. It also may administer to those around at the time or to those I feel will co-operate or to those who look friendliest which may lead to an unrepresentative sample. Word Count (298) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. I want to investigate the concept of the relative academic failure of working class ...

    Together the three summaries provide sufficient evidence to support my hypothesis on working class boys therefore I will carry on with my initial intentions as stated in the rationale. (752) Methodology My investigation is going to be mainly focused around the primary method of non-participant observation as stated in my

  2. Discuss the relationship between social class and educational achievement.

    By examining different cohorts contrasts with comparing the social class alone, because there had been some reduction in staying on rates until sixteen or over, but there is little evidence of a reduction in class inequalities. Furthermore, when exploring the relationship of the two factors, other characteristics should be considered, which may affect educational achievement such as attendance.

  1. Marxism and Functionalism and their contribution to sport.

    they are the majority to spend their money on, just to increase their capital yet again, a Marxist would argue. Although the Marxists perspective is aware of inequalities resulting from money in sport, it fails to recognise that sport can have for individuals other possibilities such as creativeness and provision of challenging experiences.

  2. would like to investigate it the achievement of middle class students obtaining their GCSE ...

    Social class directly relates to my hypothesis by looking at middle class educational achievement. I will measure this by using the standard occupational classification. Throughout this investigation I will be using a Liberal Functionalist view as I am examining the achievement of the middle class child as linked to the impact of a home factor, in this case, parental interest.

  1. Assess the view that schools and what takes place within them are the main ...

    The label that a teacher gives a student can cause the student to be treated differently. If a teacher thinks a working class child is an underachiever, they will not give the child as much help and they will keep telling the child that they will fail.

  2. Investigation of the Difference in Educational Achievement between Males and Females.

    I believe this because I am able to observe the situation in the classroom where as if I do an interview, I am sure many people will not be honest. Also, interviews are extremely difficult to collect information from and enter into graphs.

  1. Scholarly detachment in scientific research.

    A researcher or person who performed the study would not have to let us know if he/she had a bias opinion it would just state their facts. Everyone who also reads this material would have a different bias themselves on he/she's work.

  2. Using information from the items and elsewhere, discuss the view that social class differences ...

    This would suggest that the main responsibility for the Childs attainment would lie with the parents in giving correct primary socialisation, also depending on which social class the child belongs to. Bordieu calls the middle/upper class the 'dominant' class, as indeed it dominates many aspects of society.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work