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Secondary research for equality in the family.

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Secondary research for equality in the family I am doing a research on inequality in the family. Conjugal roles are the roles between couples, and this pays an important part in research and coursework. My research will also include stats, previous stats, newspaper articles and other secondary recourses. Relations where people with an relationship who live together share domestic work, labour and leisure time are known as shared conjugal roles. Some sociologists argue that one important change within the family is the move to greater sex equality. They suggest this because the division of labour is equally shared as more men now more involved in housework and child care, But in the early 20th century, Conjugal roles were segregated because women expected to be responsible for the housework and child care while the man were expected to work and do the bills etc. because of there male and female roles. In the early 1970s Young and Willmott conducted a survey in which nearly 2,000 people where interviewed. All the results are in their book, the symmetrical family. Young and Willmott argued that segregated roles have vanished for all of the social classes, but mostly for the working class. Willmott and Young use the term symmetrical family to describe the nuclear family with joint conjugal roles "symmetry" refers to the arrangement in which the opposites parts are similar. They say although the conjugal roles have changed still the wives still have the most responsibility for raising the children but the husbands still help. Willmott and Young also found out that the husbands did 72% of the housework apart from the washing up. They also said that now more husbands and wives are increasingly sharing the both leisure and decision-making. They pointed out that the main factors for this dramatic change were the rise of married women doing paid work the trends towards smaller families, the privatisation of the family; and the always changing social issues of the proper role between the male and female on the family. ...read more.


We can conclude that there is a unequal division of labour between men and women in British families and that the Symmetrical family is not here yet. Gershuny suggests that the Symmetrical form of the family slowly "trickles down" from the middle class but there is no evidence to show that this is true. R.Pahl (1984) found out in his study that women who are in employment and that there age effects the extent which the domestics tasks are shared. When children are young and there is no employment for the women unequalty in the division of labour is likely but when the child leaves and she enters the labour market, domestic tasks are more likely to be shared more equally. A good deal of women's identity are organised around the provision of food. A study by Charles and Kerr (1988) illustrates this point, in almost every household they studied; women were responsible for the prevision of food for their families; they shopped for it, cooked it and cleared it all up. food is normally a Historic way for women to show their love and affection for their family. The position of women is often considered to have improved during the last 10 years. The position of women has changed in a number of ways, such as wives do not have to put up with unsatisfactory marriage like their mother may have done and women are not expected to act like servants like they were 50 years ago. Also the financially restriction on wives is not as serious as women as most women have full time work and decisions about large sums of money are shared between husband and wife, but still feminists argue. That still marriages are based on male dominance and that male benefits from marriage and the female don't . Over the last 150 years, a woman has won most of the same rights and the same political rights as men and so is formal political citizenship After winning the vote , women were able the right to sit on juries and take up sit in parliament and local government. ...read more.


Unemployment in recent recessions in Britain, women's employment has not declined more than that of men. The official employment rate is based on those out of work who are claiming benefits. Women's unemployment rate in September 1992 was 5.5% as compared with 13.3% of men. Because the figures are based on the number of people claiming benefits, they exclude the people who are unemployed and are not yet claiming benefits. Thus, it make's it very hard for me to make assumptions. More women than men are excluded on the basis that the man claims the benefit for the couple (married, or not) if there are both unemployed. Thus , many women don't appear on the unemployment figures. A better way of measuring unemployment would be to take a sample of the population and ask if they are unemployed or not. conclusion This overview of conjugal roles shows the inequality between men and women today. While the situation has improved to a certain extent especially in the area's of education, social attitudes, from paid work to the division of household tasks and decision making. � significant inequalities include men and women in the household remain in both the level of housework they do and the level of consumption. � There are inequalities between men and women in housing, welfare benefits and health which affects women's cases to formal social citizenship � Girls up to the age of 18 years now achieve better formal education qualifications than boys, reversing a previous gender gap in the opposites direction. The gender gap in universities is also closing. � Women have achieved parties in formal legal and political rights, but this laid to equality overall. � It has been argued by Willmott and Young that families are becoming more symmetrical, with domestic tasks being more balanced between men and women. Recent evidence shows that, although there is such a tendency, it is still not pronounce. � Even when women take paid employment , they still do the bulk of domestic work and men take the important decisions. ...read more.

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