• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Social Class

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Keelie Hay Social Class Many sociologists have proved that illness and ill health is related to social class. This is defining between the rich and the poor. However Social Class is very difficult to measure because it is difficult to define Social Class. Social class is difficult to measure because as some class registers don't look at women's occupation The type of worker today sees work as a means to an end, meaning people only do their job to earn money. Nowadays workers aren't as hostile towards capitalism, now we see capitalism as raising living standards. Now workers identify themselves through their family and standard of living, whereas before it was through their work. This was shown from researcher (Davey Smith et al, 1990). When he discovered that routine clerical workers are much more likely to die younger than other workers are. Smith compared the lowest and higher classes, found people in the lower classes were three times more likely to die before the age of 65 than those in the higher classes. The underclass, to some researchers such as (Sanders 1990) thinks that the excuse for the underclass is that they are work shy. Another researcher (Jordan, 1992) had a different criticism to the one from Sanders he suggests that not everyone who is poor is work shy this is related to illness because most people in the under class cant afford to go to the doctors and get treatment for their illnesses. ...read more.

Middle

It then reached almost three times as high by the 1990's. The women in social class I can expect to live six years longer than those in social class V whilst the men in social class I can expect to live for almost nine years longer than men from social class V. The Black report published in the 1980s showed that there was a pattern to the wealth and health experienced by the different social classes. Based on occupation the report showed health inequality, and suggested that professionals do far better than managers do, and managers do far better than skilled workers and so on down the line. Reported illness is at the top of the iceberg. However there are also theories that try explaining the results of the Black report, suggesting that the system of health care is not such an important factor as other life circumstances that affect the health of different classes. The artefact theory suggests that the use of surveys for statistics is inaccurate because it fails to take into consideration the clinical iceberg where it is unknown how many people suffer illness, as they don't always report it. Also most health care happens in the home usually women treating symptoms by self-care, in the case of postal surveys not everyone will respond and women often fill in forms for other family members. ...read more.

Conclusion

This diminishes hope and limits choices causing a threat to health. The lower classes also have the worst facilities of health care. Doctors and specialists who are able to choose the areas they work will more often choose middle-class areas where they will have the advantage of better staff and equipment. Hillary Graham's work on women and smoking suggested that smoking might help women in poverty to cope because it is a method of relaxation, her way of having a break from the main interaction with small children. This is a criticism of social class. Our ideas in society tend to construct gender differences in health problems. There appears to be some evidence that men take more risks than women such as dangerous sports and violent activities and hazardous occupations. Also women tend to consult doctors more often but yet statistics suggest women have more ill health, but this could be because women in their socially produced gender roles are seen as more acceptable to show weakness and seek medical help. Women's lives are more often medicalised than men, in childbirth, reproduction and mental health women are more likely to be given prescriptions for anti-depressants or tranquillisers, men however are more likely to have alcohol related problems, a more socially acceptable response to stress than it is for women. Peter Sedgwick found that: "About 10% of all GPs prescriptions and 20% of annual expenditure goes on tranquillisers, anti- depressants or hypnotic drugs, mainly for women" ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. The influence of social class on health and healthcare.

    The Department of Health (1998) published its proposals in latest White Paper which formed the basis of The Health Act (1999) brought integrated care to replace the internal market involving agencies working together more closely. The new initiatives include: integrated care, Commission for Health Improvement act as quality assurance watchdog

  2. The essay will interpret inequalities in health among the sub-populations of socio-economic class position, ...

    These links with poverty all make sense, as high rates of death and disease are usually where the standards of living are lowest. The Health of the Nation 1998, sought to promote individual responsibility, rather than acknowledging the link between economic and social deprivation and health.

  1. Crime and Social class - Hypothesis - 'There is a relationship between social ...

    The main feature in my secondary Data collection is the Marxist view. Primary Data This is one of my interviews. Is crime bad in your area? Yes, it's very bad. Whom do you blame? The parents for not bringing the parents up properly.

  2. Is class a useful concept in explaining social action? It has been argued that ...

    So as Gerth & Mills (1948) suggest, for Weber the term 'class' is used when a group have a similar "specific casual component" of their 'life chances', represented in economic terms by the possession of goods, financial opportunities and market conditions.

  1. Discuss the possible reasons for higher mortality and morbidity rates among the working classes.

    by these differences was small, due to the size of the lowest classes reducing. For example, during the period of statistical collation, the number of people in class V fell from 12.9% of the population to 8.4%, and class I increased from 1.8% to 5%.

  2. It is the aim of this piece of work to investigate the claim that ...

    (Stenson, Cowell, 1991) list stigmatised groups "African-Americans of the Ghetto(rather than middle class suburbs)and - in part due to Hollywood keeping alive old stereotypes - working class Italian-American; travelling people (or, pejoratively 'Tinkers') in Ireland, Gypsies in much of Europe and so on". In relation to deviant behaviour (Becker, 1963)

  1. Compare 'The Genius' by Frank O'Conor and 'The Son's veto' by Thomas Hardy considering ...

    He is also quite fickle because as soon as he discovers that the other boys get violent when he starts kicking the ball he changes his mind. "...till I discovered that any boy who joined me grew violent..." Larry has a lot of self-control, he knows what he is capable of.

  2. Young people, class and gender

    If so, what would their role be? Finally I will focus on the views of the young people in the consultation for this project. I discuss their views on the extent of gender division during childhood and how they believe it influences and affects their youth. I also include their views of using the youth work approach to counteract the gender divides that exist.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work