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Social exclusion is not the same as poverty - Discuss.

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COURSEWORK SOCIAL EXCLUSION IS NOT THE SAME AS POVERTY. DISCUSS. There are many factors that contribute towards social exclusion in the United Kingdom. Not all of these factors are as straightforward as each other. By considering these causes, I will be able to explain why poverty is not the same as social exclusion. It states in the "Introduction of Labour's next steps: tackling social exclusion", that social exclusion is about more than poverty and unemployment, it is also about being cut off and neglected by the rest of society. The Social Exclusion Unit states that the definition of social exclusion is a shorthand term for what can happen when people or areas suffer from a combination of linked problems. They also state that the key aspect of social exclusion is 'dynamics', where people are not just excluded because they are unemployed, but also they very often have very few prospects for the future. The blame for this problem could be passed around to many different areas. For example, the family for an unsettled way of life, the government for not enough funding within education and society itself for its own influence towards peer pressures. A dictionary definition of poverty would be: " the state of having little or no money and few or no material possessions." (Wordnet (r) 1.7) Poverty has been with is for hundreds of years. Poverty can be described as some individuals or groups who are disadvantaged in comparison to others, and that the poor do not have enough to sustain a decent standard of living. ...read more.


Although, poverty is a key forerunner and component of social exclusion. Equally, social exclusion goes beyond other economic variables, such as employment status or occupational class. The term "social exclusion" became popular in the late 1980's and was used to describe the results of the radical economic, industrial and social changes that were taking place in France and elsewhere around Europe. These included long-term or repeated unemployment, family instability, social isolation and the decline of neighbourhood and social networks. Social exclusion was seen to be the outcome of two things. The first being separation from employment and the second being separation from social relations, particularly the family. The European Union adopted the term but definitely widened the definition, noting that social exclusion occurs when people cannot fully participate or contribute to society because of: " the denial of civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights." (Poverty: the Facts, Child Poverty Action Group, 1996) Definitions also indicate that it results from: " a combination of linked problems such as unemployment, poor skills, low incomes, poor housing, bad health and family breakdown." ( Social Exclusion Unit Leaflet, July 2000) The relationship between social exclusion and poverty is close, but far from straightforward. Social exclusion covers both the causes and effects of poverty, discrimination and disadvantage. Definitions of social exclusion often resemble those of relative poverty, and the term is sometimes used interchangeably with poverty, but the concepts are not identical. A key difference between them is that ideas about exclusion are primarily concerned with processes. ...read more.


They have often been categorised as the same things, but the distinction is unquestionably there. The root of poverty comes from social exclusion and vice versa. They reflect upon one another, hence why they have mixed together as the same thing. People used to refer as social exclusion as a more polite way to refer to poverty. People may see poverty as something that will only occur in third world countries. However, people are now acting more realistically by understanding that it is a worldwide issue, and especially within Britain and the rest of Europe, needs to be controlled. Tony Blair, once he was elected in 1997, promised that to get rid of social exclusion and poverty was high on his agenda, and although there have been many reports to say that this is just so, I have also discovered that poverty is looked upon in a different way. It used to be the case that to be in poverty was to have no basic foundations for living: namely shelter, warmth, money, etc. However, a variety of statistics now show that many people today believe that basic foundations to live on a day-to-day basis is much more in depth. To end my conclusion, I leave with you a survey conducted by the Office of National Statistics (ONS), providing unparalleled detail about the material and social deprivation and exclusion among the British population at the close of the twentieth century. I hope that I have discussed my argument that social exclusion and poverty is not the same thing. ...read more.

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