• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

SOCIAL INEQUALITIES- CASTE AND CLASS

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

SOCIAL INEQUALITIES- CASTE AND CLASS BY MARY KAY To what extent can relations of caste be explained by class relations? Today, we acknowledge the fact that we have a set structure in place to understand how things and people work within a society. As Professor Raja Jayaraman would have it "the social structure of a society is the product of the interaction of different variables such as ecology, technology, economy and culture." (3) While these are an integral part of society I predominantly want to focus your attention on the Class system working the western world. While Australia is a multicultural society, we must see ourselves as one and part of one system and we must recognise ourselves as a westernised culture. But to veer away from this for a moment we must concede that this structure differs in each culture. Here I introduce caste. To further grasp these concepts of caste as well as class, we must first define each and then attempt to understand how they work and make up society, how they relate to each other and how they differ. There are different meanings which describe a caste. A Caste is mainly associated with Hinduism. As the Human Rights Watch would see it, 'it is the ordering of society on the basis of ritual purity.' (http://www.hrw.org/reports/2001/globalcaste/caste0801-03.htm.) Leach defines it 'as a system of social organization peculiar to Hindu India.' ...read more.

Middle

Looking at the Labor side of our society, we can already understand it through Marx theory of the capitalist and working class. Although it is interesting to point out that not everyone in society has associated themselves to be in a class and the term 'ruling class' (or upper class) 'has given offence, raised eyebrows and caused confusion' (Connell 50). We must recognise that this 'ruling class' in fact runs our working class. When it comes to labor, people who have gone through university and have gotten themselves degrees usually find that they are in better jobs (e.g., doctors, lawyers) and people without tertiary education can still become managers, but of lower organisations. For example I don't need any tertiary education to become the manager of McDonalds; it is more on the job training, time and education. These people might still be considered in the middle class or working class. Take a medical surgery for example. The Doctors are seen in the 'ruling class' while the reception staff and nurses working for these doctors are seen in the working class, not only do they lead different working lives (as suggested by Marx) but also different social lives and leisure habits (as suggested by Webber). In terms of marriage in our society it is not so much determined by which class you're in, although sometimes families want their children to marry other people of the same religion or race etc. ...read more.

Conclusion

Caste and Class both demonstrate a division of groups of people on the basis of power. The class system, still having its faults and its inequality, is a much more equal system when comparing it to a caste system. With all the sources looked at, and ideas and definitions put together we can see that caste and class exists on there own, while one is run by power, the other is run by religious values and beliefs,. "A class exits only in and through its relations with other classes" (Connell 51), so the overall function of any system of division to work is the capability for different classes, like that of the capitalist and working class, to work together so that individuals can fulfill more. BIBILOGRAPHY: ==> Bessant, Judith and Rob Watts. Sociology Australia. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2nd ed. 2002. ==> Jayaraman, Raja. Caste and Class Dynamics of Social Inequality in Indian Society. Delhi, Hindustan, 1991. ==> Leach, E.R. "What should we mean by Caste?" In Social Inequalities Book of Readings. Scott Poynting. Bankstown: University Of Western Sydney, autumn 2004. 111-140. ==> Connell et al "Ruling- Class Education and the Ruling Class." In Social Inequalities Book of Readings. Scott Poynting. Bankstown University of Western Sydney. Autumn 2001. 50-55. ==> Human Rights Watch. ""Unsociability" and Segregation." http://www.hrw.org/reports/2001/globalcaste/caste0801-03.htm. (Accessed the 2nd of April 2004) ==> "Sociology at Hewett" http://www.hewett.norfolk.sch.uk/curric/soc/class/socmob.htm. (Accessed the 5th of April 2004) ==> "Google: definitions of class on the web" http://www.google.com.au/search?q=define:class. (Accessed on the 5th of April 2004) ==> "Overview of Caste" http://www.cogsci.princeton.edu/cgi-bin/webwn?stage=1&word=caste (Accessed on the 5th April 2004) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Sociology: Arranged Marriage Coursework

    Most of those who answered my questionnaire were Bangladeshi. There was one Pakistani and an Indian person. There was also a British person. The age range goes up to 13 years to 53 years. I found that this is a good thing since I received many different views about marriage.

  2. Crime and Social class - Hypothesis - 'There is a relationship between social ...

    Not many working class people are able to reach this level of achievement. They are stuck in dead end jobs with no chance of promotion. Consequently, there is a greater pressure on them to become successful. Crime offers one way.

  1. Determining the Elite within Politics and the Judiciary.

    (Budge et al 2001 p493) Indeed, the orthodox view in British law implies a significant respect for 'precedents'. This means that present legal problems are often resolved using rules developed from decisions made on previous cases. In any case, the manner in which to apply such law is not always

  2. Critically examine the view that the health inequalities suffered by the working class can ...

    The social selection explanation thirdly, suggests that people who experience poor health tend to find it difficult to get good jobs. Therefore they either move into, or remain in, lower-class occupations. This means that people are in lower social classes because of their poor health, rather than their class causing

  1. The essay will interpret inequalities in health among the sub-populations of socio-economic class position, ...

    (Ham, 1999: 84) Busfield (2000) looks at some of these other explanations, which could be used to explain health inequalities between the classes. She states that individuals may choose to buy white bread rather than healthier brown bread, because white bread is cheaper and many people cannot access supermarkets where

  2. Max Weber: Basic Terms (The Fundamental Concepts of Sociology)

    Key: Shift from nature's power (water) to more manageable, reliable, calculable forces (like steam). This, along with mechanization, permits rationalization of work. Development of use of coal, and subsequent production of iron had 3 important consequences: 1) released technology and productive capabilities from the limits inherent in the qualities of

  1. Society in which it operates.

    Supporter organizations of social responsiveness believe that the concept replaces philosophical talk with practical action applied to achieving their goal. These firms see it as a more tangible and achievable objective than social responsibility, rather than assessing what is good for society in the long term, managers in an social

  2. Evaluate the Significance of Socilogy To Understand Social Work Practice.

    He thought that individuals were free to choose their actions and roles. He suggested that they were also able to step out from one role to another and change them if they wanted and were not restricted by others in society into acting roles as directed by others in society.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work