• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Social Security Through History.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Social Security Through History. In the middle ages help for the poor, the sick and the elderly was provided primarily by family friends and occasionally by the church. The state did not become included in the welfare provision until the poor law act of 1601, which made local parishes responsible for providing poor relief. This relief was paid for by local rates. This replaced previous Acts and remained the basis for the poor until 1834 poor amendment Act. By the beginning of the nineteenth century 10% of the population were receiving poor relief creating a burden on the local ratepayers. (Alcock, 1996,p.20) This essay will look at welfare before the welfare state. Why workhouses were set up and who was to benefit and enter them? Has modern society changed over the last 400 years? There have been many social policy attempts that have come into force towards poverty from 1601 to the present day. Many were negative and never thinking of the individual, just how to get them off the streets and out of destitution. In the later part of the seventeenth century relief of the poor required church wardens to set up correction houses for the poor and anyone refusing to work. They were to set the able-bodied and children off to work to gain apprentices. In the 21st century this is still the case with the benefit system, the new deal scheme provides jobs not to benefit the individual but to keep people out of destitution. ...read more.

Middle

However for many years the mentally ill stayed in the workhouses in appalling conditions. Workhouses were not prisons and entry was voluntary although often painful. Although the workhouses were primarily there to protect the destitute there were strong criticism. Families were separated and punished if they spoke to one another. This would have been difficult enough for man and wife but would most likely have caused severe emotional stress for young children, and even long term psychological harm. So the poor were being punished for only being poor and the blame was put on individuals. People entering the workhouses were not all criminals, just guilty of being poor. Inmates were suffering absolute poverty; not requiring the basic needs for human survival, no food causing hunger, no shelter to keep them warm and safe. The cycle of poverty was hard to break. Poverty tends to breed poverty and in many cases is passed from one generation to another. Many people claiming poor relief and entering the workhouses were seen collapsing and emotionally distressed before facing the reality of the workhouse. It was the final soul searching decision anyone could ever take either, enter the workhouse and be treated like a hard criminal or starve to death. On entering the workhouse, paupers were stripped, searched, bathed and given a uniform, comprising of hardwearing clothes and boots. ...read more.

Conclusion

As time went on conditions improved. Workhouse schools were introduced to prepare children for an independent life or more for the financial gain of the Government. By educating the young and teaching them new skills this would provide the workforce for society. Maybe the young could break the poverty cycle they were accustomed to. There have been many attempts in history over the last four hundred years to try and alleviate poverty. The workhouses were originally set up to help people support themselves. There was a positive attempt at reducing the poor population, although this aim was never fulfilled The workhouses were criticised for being very in humane. The government believed the poor were being treated fair considering the circumstances they were in, and maybe even blamed them for being in that situation. These thoughts are still propagated through society today the poor are still seen as the lower class and looked down on as idle, many poor people feel they are worthless to not only society but also themselves. However if workhouses were like hotels this would have encouraged idleness. Many policies bought nothing but distress and cruelty to the poor and the needy. Furthermore it has to be argued that rather than face starvation, on entering the workhouses poor people would receive the basic food and shelter to live although conditions were appalling. A little like modern society today either you can have what is offered to you by the state or you can starve to death. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. COMPARATIVE SOCIAL WELFARE

    Welfare in Sweden is an integrated part of public policies, which the state provides benefits and services for citizens outwith the market, unlike in the UK. Sweden as a Social Democratic State (Epsing Anderson)

  2. Sociology Essay - The History of Welfare and the Problem of Poverty in England.

    This contrast to the successful economies of Germany and the USA seemed to imply that Britain had an inferior workforce. Furthermore because of these problems the British army struggled to defeat the Boers. Furthermore concern doomed as Britain's position as the world's leading industrial nation had been declining since 1970.

  1. crime and poverty

    The things that went well for this aim was that I got peoples own opinion of if there is existing crime in Newham and as my results show many people do think that there is a lot of crime in Newham at the moment.

  2. What should be the role of social security in the eradication of poverty?

    The success of the welfare state has long been debated, not only in this country but also in others. Political writers and social analysts all have varying views depending on where they lay on the political spectrum but all if honest could agree that when it comes to the eradication

  1. Social Security Policy.

    The second is the protection of accustomed living standards to ensure that none has to face an unexpected and unacceptably large drop in their standard of living and the third is, smoothing out income over the life cycle. However, as pointed out by Glennerster and Hills these three interact, the

  2. Social security policy.

    This is through the state. The state is the main way of support; there are high levels of benefits. It aims to amalgamate welfare and work and promote full employment. (Esping-Anderson, 1990) The United States of America is an example of the liberal regime in action.

  1. The History of Mr Polly - HG Wells.

    He is also un-organised, ill educated and irritable. I would personally say that leaving Miriam was the most important event in his life as it set him free to leave Fishbourne and meet new people. He was given the idyllic rural setting for his nature, which meant he lost the

  2. Environmental Lessons From History.

    far-flung corner of their world in about 450A.D., whether by luck or judgement, island legend can not recall. They were thought to be from the Honga Clan. In John R. McNeil's, The Face of Earth, a portmanteau biota is spoken of in the chapter written by (Hughes 2000), who is a leading authority in Polynesian culture.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work