• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Social Stratification - Theories

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sociology: - Social Stratification POST-CLASSICAL AND CONTEMPORARY THEORIES OF SOCIAL INEQUALITY Class-Based Theories: "Syntheses" of Marxian, Weberian, Structural-Functional Views 1. Ralf Dahrendorf 2. Gerhard Lenski "Neo-Marxist" 1. Nicos Poulantzas 2. Erik Olin Wright "Neo-Weberian" 1. Frank Parkin 2. Anthony Giddens Non-Class-Based Theories: Gender-Based Inequality Race-Ethnicity, Religious, Language: Primordial Group Inequality Culture-, Education-Based Inequality Rational Choice ( also: Local Justice) Inequality GENDER INEQUALITY I. "Domestic" and General Inequality: A. Material well-being, entitlement to and control of material rewards and resources B. Safety and Security C. Participation in society, social groups, power, influence - in nuclear and extended families, communities D. Autonomy, self-determination, control of self, body E. Control of others F. Education, information G. Symbolic rewards, resources; prestige, honor II. "Public" and Labor Markety Inequality A. Knowledge, information, graining B. ...read more.

Middle

Estates: Political, economic status determined by birth, parentage; social, political spinoffs; endogamy prescribed; inter-estate mobility generallyproscribed, though not necessarily ritually or religiously tabooed. Elites: "Ruling" vs. "Functional" Elites Monolithic vs. fragmented elites Elite Stability vs. circulation, open recruitment Elites in Democracies: C. Wright Mills and successors Elites in Relation to Social Classes: Digby Baltzell and successors Elites in conflict with non-elites , authority vs. non-authority Identifying, studying elites: methodological & technical problems. Status Groups: Measurement of status revisited Bases, axes of positive and negative status: stigma, stereotyping, Orientalism again. Identifying status groups: subjective, reputation, & objective criteria Technical aspects: criteria, assessing status as entitlement Examples Social Classes as Membership Groups, Collectivities: Subjectively-Conceived Classes- Examples, Problems Reputationally-Conceived Classes: the Warner school examples Objectively-Conceived Classes Marx Weber UK Registrar-General and Related Occupation-based Classes Giddens: Theoretical "Market Position" Classes Goldthorpe: Applied "Market Position" Classes Wright: Theoretical and Applied "Marxian" Classes Grusky: The case for "disaggregation" of class divisions. ...read more.

Conclusion

class, or akin to Warner's "Lower Middle" and higher part of his "Upper Lower" classes combined, approximately the same as oldthorpe's "Intermediate Classes" combined. "Uncredentialed Working- and Underclass" is similar to Giddens' "lower, or working" class, akin to the lower part of Warner's "Upper lower" and his "Lower Lower" class combined and to Goldthorpe's Unskilled Working" Class. EXPLANATIONS FOR SOCIAL CLASS DIFFERENTIATION and ITS INTERGENERATIONAL REPRODUCTION Motif 1: Inertia, tradition, custom, imitation, etc. Motif 2: Wealth and Income Differences Motif 3: Complexity of Work Tasks; Self-Direction in Work Motif 4: Elaborated vs. Restrictive Language Codes FACTORS REPUTEDLY ASSOCIATED WITH DIMINISHING CLASS DIFFERENTIATION , "Decline of Classes" Declining fertility in working class, convergence to small family patterns Stability of working class employment and income General enhancement of incomes, consumption; "mass" marketing Increase in schooling, extended school continuation, credentialing and declining influence of family background factors in status attainment "Revolutions" in communications and information, mutual visibility Erosion of White Collar workplace status and income advantages Decline of Class Politics, Class Voting ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. What are the major dimensions of social stratification?

    He put forward the view that in market economies, people have similar positions because they receive similar economic rewards. However, he argued within the propertyless class, which Marx termed the proletariat, people have a variety of skills that they can market.

  2. SOCIAL INEQUALITIES- CASTE AND CLASS

    Labor in the Caste system operates from birth, i.e., if you are born in the Kshatriya, you are a warrior and you inherit your father's position. We can see this in the class system through the Packer and Murdoch families, where their children inherit their power and wealth.

  1. Gender Inequality.

    So not only is the role of financial provider under siege, the role of father is threatened. The rise in numbers of single mothers suggests that men are viewed inadequate fathers and partners, as well as becoming redundant. Fauldi concludes that it is hardly surprising that men today, are experiencing a masculinity crisis.

  2. Social Stratification – Ethnicity, Gender and Class

    Other explanations of stratification include Class Stratification; Karl Marx is probably the most famous person to argue about the effect of class in society. Mark's argument is that society is really all about economics - who gets what and when.

  1. Max Weber: Basic Terms (The Fundamental Concepts of Sociology)

    - Obedience means the action of the person 'obeying' follows a course such that the content of the command can be taken as the reason for his/her action. 3 Pure Types of Legitimate Authority 1. Rational/legal grounds. belief in the legality of patterns of normative rules and the right of those elevated to authority under such rules to issue commands.

  2. Gender Capital ? - Bourdieu and Gender Inequality

    The children of a well-to-do family will experience their lives differently dependant upon their gender; the daughter may well receive a privileged education, but her choice of subject will be in line with trends for her sex. Her social network will also reflect her gender, as will the likelihood of her inheriting her fathers business.

  1. Gender as a form of Social Stratification.

    Institutions promote the values of the dominant culture. There is probably less variation in what children learn from schooling than what they learn as a result of informal interactions with the family or friends. For non-white people, family and cultural identity is seen as a necessary tool to counteract the

  2. Social Stratification.

    The un-employed, those in part time or unsecured jobs, older people, the sick and disabled, members of large families and single parent families are all particularly likely to be living in poverty. They are mainly poor because of their relationship to the labour market many are outside it altogether.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work