• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Social Stratification - Theories

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sociology: - Social Stratification POST-CLASSICAL AND CONTEMPORARY THEORIES OF SOCIAL INEQUALITY Class-Based Theories: "Syntheses" of Marxian, Weberian, Structural-Functional Views 1. Ralf Dahrendorf 2. Gerhard Lenski "Neo-Marxist" 1. Nicos Poulantzas 2. Erik Olin Wright "Neo-Weberian" 1. Frank Parkin 2. Anthony Giddens Non-Class-Based Theories: Gender-Based Inequality Race-Ethnicity, Religious, Language: Primordial Group Inequality Culture-, Education-Based Inequality Rational Choice ( also: Local Justice) Inequality GENDER INEQUALITY I. "Domestic" and General Inequality: A. Material well-being, entitlement to and control of material rewards and resources B. Safety and Security C. Participation in society, social groups, power, influence - in nuclear and extended families, communities D. Autonomy, self-determination, control of self, body E. Control of others F. Education, information G. Symbolic rewards, resources; prestige, honor II. "Public" and Labor Markety Inequality A. Knowledge, information, graining B. ...read more.

Middle

Estates: Political, economic status determined by birth, parentage; social, political spinoffs; endogamy prescribed; inter-estate mobility generallyproscribed, though not necessarily ritually or religiously tabooed. Elites: "Ruling" vs. "Functional" Elites Monolithic vs. fragmented elites Elite Stability vs. circulation, open recruitment Elites in Democracies: C. Wright Mills and successors Elites in Relation to Social Classes: Digby Baltzell and successors Elites in conflict with non-elites , authority vs. non-authority Identifying, studying elites: methodological & technical problems. Status Groups: Measurement of status revisited Bases, axes of positive and negative status: stigma, stereotyping, Orientalism again. Identifying status groups: subjective, reputation, & objective criteria Technical aspects: criteria, assessing status as entitlement Examples Social Classes as Membership Groups, Collectivities: Subjectively-Conceived Classes- Examples, Problems Reputationally-Conceived Classes: the Warner school examples Objectively-Conceived Classes Marx Weber UK Registrar-General and Related Occupation-based Classes Giddens: Theoretical "Market Position" Classes Goldthorpe: Applied "Market Position" Classes Wright: Theoretical and Applied "Marxian" Classes Grusky: The case for "disaggregation" of class divisions. ...read more.

Conclusion

class, or akin to Warner's "Lower Middle" and higher part of his "Upper Lower" classes combined, approximately the same as oldthorpe's "Intermediate Classes" combined. "Uncredentialed Working- and Underclass" is similar to Giddens' "lower, or working" class, akin to the lower part of Warner's "Upper lower" and his "Lower Lower" class combined and to Goldthorpe's Unskilled Working" Class. EXPLANATIONS FOR SOCIAL CLASS DIFFERENTIATION and ITS INTERGENERATIONAL REPRODUCTION Motif 1: Inertia, tradition, custom, imitation, etc. Motif 2: Wealth and Income Differences Motif 3: Complexity of Work Tasks; Self-Direction in Work Motif 4: Elaborated vs. Restrictive Language Codes FACTORS REPUTEDLY ASSOCIATED WITH DIMINISHING CLASS DIFFERENTIATION , "Decline of Classes" Declining fertility in working class, convergence to small family patterns Stability of working class employment and income General enhancement of incomes, consumption; "mass" marketing Increase in schooling, extended school continuation, credentialing and declining influence of family background factors in status attainment "Revolutions" in communications and information, mutual visibility Erosion of White Collar workplace status and income advantages Decline of Class Politics, Class Voting ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. What are the major dimensions of social stratification?

    In this way, the capitalists or the bourgeoisie are exploiting the proletariat or the working class. Therefore Marx believes that in all class societies the ruling class exploits and oppresses the subject class.

  2. Gender as a form of Social Stratification.

    The Marxist's view is that working class education is fragmented, there are lots of subjects and there is no time to really learn any subject to a meaningful degree. Thus education is geared to methods of control, which prepare young working class people for the factory floor.

  1. SOCIAL INEQUALITIES- CASTE AND CLASS

    can either work their way up through education or work their way down through lack of motivation and dedication. The study of social mobility seems to show relevance in our society where; 'it matters to people to get on in life, we can see changes in the class system, the

  2. Social stratification.

    At the other end of the scale were the slaves who were forced to work on plantation and in coalmines for little or no money who were treated very badly. Another way, and the most commonly used method of dividing society are using social class.

  1. Max Weber: Basic Terms (The Fundamental Concepts of Sociology)

    Key: Shift from nature's power (water) to more manageable, reliable, calculable forces (like steam). This, along with mechanization, permits rationalization of work. Development of use of coal, and subsequent production of iron had 3 important consequences: 1) released technology and productive capabilities from the limits inherent in the qualities of

  2. Once Were Warriors vs No Sugar

    Highlighted in both texts was the way the indigenous characters, who were once proud people, become lowered to impotent helpless figures. As we see in Once Were Warriors, the unstable Jake used his fist to release the pain, anguish and frustration he feels; as Jakes wife Beth states, "You're still a slave, to your fist, to your drink, to yourself."

  1. Pitted against Patriarchy

    to write something about the ordinary person losing faith, not the intellectual losing faith; the intellectual things have been done by so many people. So I said why don't I do a woman. Women are so much more emotionally Catholic than men; it would be more shattering for a woman."12 Moore's implications here could be construed in two ways.

  2. Social Stratification – Ethnicity, Gender and Class

    The reason it is so important is because non-white people make up three-quarters of the human race and we are living in a global economic world. Ultimately, all scientific studies must have a moral aspect and sociological study of the behaviour of society is no exception.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work