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Society benefits only to certain group of in individuals, discuss in relation to functionalism, Marxism and feminism - consensus Vs conflict

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Eisho Simon Mr Maric Sociology H/W 10/10/04 Society benefits only to certain group of in individuals, discuss in relation to functionalism, Marxism and feminism - consensus Vs conflict Introduction Various approaches in sociology stress the authority of society over the individual. They are sometimes called social systems or structuralist approaches. From this perspective, the individual is largely managed by society. Society has made us into what we are because of the expectations and pressures of the social groups we belong to. Society formulates everyone, enduring our thoughts and directing our actions. We are socialised in terms of the culture of society, our behaviour is shaped by the social structure, we are kept in line by means of social control, and we discover roles, norms and values and act accordingly consequently. Other approaches in society stress the capability of individuals to direct their own actions. They are sometimes called social action or interpretivist approaches. From this viewpoint, individuals actively create their own social world. They give significance to social situations, infer the behaviour of others, and they take action on the source of these meanings and interpretations. Social action approaches do not essentially deny the existence of roles, norms and values. ...read more.


Wealth is produced by the workers but their wages are small change compared with the extremely generous salaries, bonuses and dividends which business owners pay themselves. Marxism- A social class is, at its most basic, a group of people that have similar social status. The relative importance and definition of membership in a particular class differs greatly over time and between societies, particularly in societies having a legal differentiation of groups of people by birth or occupation. In the well-known example of socioeconomic class, many scholars view societies as stratifying into a hierarchical system based on economic status, wealth, or income. Using wealth as a dimension, many have used a bi-partite model to view societies, from ancient history to the present day: * An Upper Class of the immensely wealthy and/or powerful * A Lower Class of the poor and/or weak Karl Marx defined class in terms of the extent to which an individual or social group has control over the means of production. In Marxist terms a class is a group of people with a specific relationship to the means of production. Marxists explain history in terms of a war of classes between those who control production and those who actually produce the goods or services in society . ...read more.


It presents some general points with which most feminist sociologists would agree. Feminists often start from the following observations. In practically every known human society there is a division of labour based on gender-there are men's jobs. And in most cases, men's jobs bring higher rewards- in terms of status or prestige, in terms of power, and in terms of pay. Even when men and women have the same jobs, men still ten to receive the highest rewards. As a result, there is a system of social inequality which benefits men at the expense of women. Patriarchy is the system of gender inequality which tends to permeate the whole of society- it is not simply limited to occupational roles. For example, it may be reflected in religious beliefs which see men as superior to women, or in marriage vows which state that the duty of a wife is to serve her husband. The term patriarchy is used to describe a social system based on gender inequality. It describes a system in which male dominance is present in peoples working and family lives, and is reflected in social norms and values, roles and institutions.In this sense, patriarchy has been defined as ' the combination of economic and cultural systems which ensures male supremacy'-therefore feminist believe society is male dominating and women have no authority. ...read more.

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