• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Society benefits only to certain group of in individuals, discuss in relation to functionalism, Marxism and feminism - consensus Vs conflict

Extracts from this document...


Eisho Simon Mr Maric Sociology H/W 10/10/04 Society benefits only to certain group of in individuals, discuss in relation to functionalism, Marxism and feminism - consensus Vs conflict Introduction Various approaches in sociology stress the authority of society over the individual. They are sometimes called social systems or structuralist approaches. From this perspective, the individual is largely managed by society. Society has made us into what we are because of the expectations and pressures of the social groups we belong to. Society formulates everyone, enduring our thoughts and directing our actions. We are socialised in terms of the culture of society, our behaviour is shaped by the social structure, we are kept in line by means of social control, and we discover roles, norms and values and act accordingly consequently. Other approaches in society stress the capability of individuals to direct their own actions. They are sometimes called social action or interpretivist approaches. From this viewpoint, individuals actively create their own social world. They give significance to social situations, infer the behaviour of others, and they take action on the source of these meanings and interpretations. Social action approaches do not essentially deny the existence of roles, norms and values. ...read more.


Wealth is produced by the workers but their wages are small change compared with the extremely generous salaries, bonuses and dividends which business owners pay themselves. Marxism- A social class is, at its most basic, a group of people that have similar social status. The relative importance and definition of membership in a particular class differs greatly over time and between societies, particularly in societies having a legal differentiation of groups of people by birth or occupation. In the well-known example of socioeconomic class, many scholars view societies as stratifying into a hierarchical system based on economic status, wealth, or income. Using wealth as a dimension, many have used a bi-partite model to view societies, from ancient history to the present day: * An Upper Class of the immensely wealthy and/or powerful * A Lower Class of the poor and/or weak Karl Marx defined class in terms of the extent to which an individual or social group has control over the means of production. In Marxist terms a class is a group of people with a specific relationship to the means of production. Marxists explain history in terms of a war of classes between those who control production and those who actually produce the goods or services in society . ...read more.


It presents some general points with which most feminist sociologists would agree. Feminists often start from the following observations. In practically every known human society there is a division of labour based on gender-there are men's jobs. And in most cases, men's jobs bring higher rewards- in terms of status or prestige, in terms of power, and in terms of pay. Even when men and women have the same jobs, men still ten to receive the highest rewards. As a result, there is a system of social inequality which benefits men at the expense of women. Patriarchy is the system of gender inequality which tends to permeate the whole of society- it is not simply limited to occupational roles. For example, it may be reflected in religious beliefs which see men as superior to women, or in marriage vows which state that the duty of a wife is to serve her husband. The term patriarchy is used to describe a social system based on gender inequality. It describes a system in which male dominance is present in peoples working and family lives, and is reflected in social norms and values, roles and institutions.In this sense, patriarchy has been defined as ' the combination of economic and cultural systems which ensures male supremacy'-therefore feminist believe society is male dominating and women have no authority. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    To what extent have the goals of feminism been achieved?

    4 star(s)

    This term refers mainly to the business world where although women can gain promotion up through the company they still seem to find it very hard to reach the very highest levels, and men still massively dominate the boardroom. Although this problem has started being addressed by companies in recent

  2. This essay will compare two different sociological perspectives Marxism and Functionalism through society and ...

    fails to recognise that sport can have for individuals other possibilities such as creativeness and provision of challenging experiences (Creaven, 2000). In contrast to a Marxist's view of sport, Functionalists outline different meanings to sport. In general, sport is one part of the Functionalists view in maintaining a society as

  1. The Fundamental Differences Between Functionalism, Marxism and Social Action Theory.

    However, they also claim that we as a society governed mainly by the consensus theory will eventually be able to resolve them for the good of society. Value consensus can be best understood by explaining that all societies have some basic needs and requirements that are needed for the society to survive.

  2. Discuss the key concepts within, and state the similarities and differences between, the following ...

    However in the full realisation of his theory, Marx saw the 'final epoch of history', [Haralambos & Holborn 6 th ed. Pxvi; Contradiction & Change.] that is the communist or socialist society that would eventually and inevitably replace capitalism, as developing from a resolution of the contradictions contained within the

  1. Main features of Functionalism.

    Each actor will come to expect certain responses from the other, so social rules or norms will develop, what Parsons calls a system of "status roles," develops, i.e. a network of behaviour to which expectations of behaviour and rewards and sanctions are attached.

  2. The purpose of this essay is to describe four studies relating to gender each ...

    This would coincide with Oakley's argument that women are not inherently maternal and that whatever mothering skills they acquire are a result of a learning process and assistance from the indoctrinated idea that they are supposed to be good mothers.

  1. Marxism and Functionalism and their contribution to sport.

    That in turn would have beneficial aspects for the whole social order as these borders can then be identified and possibly tightened or extended, as much as necessary for a stable social order.

  2. Choose a group which faces barriers in terms of participation in sport and leisure ...

    The lavish clothing worn, disabled women from participation. Sports that women played during this period (the nineteenth century), included such events as croquet, skittles, quoits, and mild forms of badminton and tennis. Sports for the elite (women) such as hunting, riding, rifle shooting and cycling were considered desirable, as long as they didn't, 'undermine a women's innate disposition.'

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work