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Sociological imagination - Notes

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Introduction

Sociological imagination The individual and the social- what do we mean when we start talking about individual interpretations as opposed to social interpretations Critical consciousness The structure of society is the same concept- the way that stucture is built, held together and the various institutions gives rise to a particular type or shape of culture. This means that we are socialised into a particular type of social character (eastern person or western person or hunter&gatherer). How does our society hold together? The individual and the social- are there links between what we do as individuals and what happens in a social situation. The sociological perspective- the way of viewing the world Do we have a free choice in what we wear and what we consume. Yes we do have a choice in what we wear- I can wear a green tshirt if I want but essentially we are all wearing the same clothes, we are all wearing western clothes. We all consume essentially the same food, they may be different brands but we are still eating the same things. Why do we do that, What do we eat, When do we eat, At what time of day, What type of food do we eat, Why do we eat that type of food, Why do we eat ...read more.

Middle

The increasing demand for education, years ago you could get a very good job with just your HSC but now you would be lucky to get shortlisted for a job at McDonalds. It is very important to look at the link between the macro at the individual level and in the wider society and the influence of the macro on the micro. What are the things outside that are different, historically, now compared with even 30 years ago, how has the world changed (eg: no computers). Sociological consciousness- sociology is a form of consciousness, the ability to see the impact of social forces on our lives. What is the impact of the various social forces around us? An analytical, critical approach- it is not about criticism but rather analysing critically what the relationship is between the individual and the wider macro society. What is going on out there to generate this type of interaction or behaviour. This approach seeks to be sceptical and not take things for granted- we need to analyse why we are the way we are in that particular situation. Why should I do it that way- is it part of social convention. Why do I behave like that- is it part of being respectable. ...read more.

Conclusion

Arranged marriages Can prisons rehabilitate on a wide scale- NO Do prisons protect? No, they don't do a very good job because there is a 70% recitasism rate and only 2% of known offenders who go to prison Ideology What is an ideology It is a set of ideas that serve a vested interest, in other words, depending on your ideological stance we can view things differently as well. We can have different interpretations and meanings about a certain situation or event Conspicuous consumption, false needs, economic manipulation Fashion industry from an ideological stand point Sociological imagination Coined by C. Wright Mills What is the structure of the society we are looking at, what is its underlying base? Is it an advanced technological society, a hunter and gatherer community, a fishing village. Where does it stand in human history (eg: grandma's values on divorce as opposed to those today). What is its basic social character (aquizitive, materialistic) Very important part of the sociological imagination is the distinction between personal troubles and public issues - Divorce, personal or much wider? Why is divorce increasing- life expectancy, isolation (extended family isnt what it used to be), both partners working with kids, stigma doesn't exist so much now- considered to be more a part of everyday life - Aboriginal imprisonment - Suicide, USA levels of imprisonment vs Australia ...read more.

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