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'Sociologists inevitably make value judgements in the course of their research, but this should not stop them from trying to be objective'. Examine how far sociologists agree with this view.

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Introduction

'Sociologists inevitably make value judgements in the course of their research, but this should not stop them from trying to be objective'. Examine how far sociologists agree with this view. Sociologists make unavoidable value judgements based on their own values in the course of their research, the research has to be value free and the type of research they are using mist also reflect this. But this should not stop them from trying to be 'objective'. The term 'objective' may refer to an attitude of mind deemed proper to a scientific investigator: detached, unprejudiced, open to whatever the evidence may reveal. Alternatively it may be applied to the methods of investigation employed or its outcome. Much of what is taught in courses on sociological method are procedures designed to protect investigations from bias in the collection or interpretation of evidence: random sampling, the use of controls, piloting of questionnaires and so on are designed to eliminate biases and ensure objectivity. ...read more.

Middle

Weber believed that 'value relevance' would influence the choice. Researchers would choose to research topics that they thought were important and more significantly which they thought was centre of importance to society. Value relevance for Weber governs the selection of facts in the social sciences by clarifying the inherent in a situation or phenomenon under analysis. Therefore Weber believes that it is possible to be objective and completely value free. Gouldner however argues in his essay 'The myth of value-free sociology' (1964) which was a controversial interpretation of \Max Weber's work that Weber did not believe sociology was capable of simple objectivity through his name was erroneously used to support such a proposition. Gouldner believes that in practice all sociologists tend to commit themselves to a particular set of domain assumptions and these direct the way research is conducted and conclusions are met. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore Gouldner believes there can be not value-free sociology. In conclusion, there is no such thing as a value-free sociology, although Weber argues that it is possible not to use value judgements when conducting research this hard to prove because somewhere in the research there is going to be value-judgements. This can occur in the way method was conducted, the way in which the results were collected and analysed or the way in which the conclusions were drawn. 'If sociologists ought not to express their personal values in the academic setting, how than are students to be safeguarded against the unwitting influence of these values which shape the sociologists selection of problems, his preference's for certain hypotheses or conceptual schemes, and his neglect of others'. Therefore it is highly problematic to conduct a value-free investigation because you have to be objective and this has to have no value judgements, this is highly impossible and therefore there is no such thing as a value-free sociology. ...read more.

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