• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

statistical approaches to crime and deviance

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Susan Winfield Sociology- Statistical Approaches to Crime and Deviance Crime can affect anyone, regardless of whether or not they have been a victim. Dealing with crime and associated problems is a concern for society and the government; there are two main sources of crime statistics: police-recorded crime and household population surveys of crime, this essay will evaluate both and outline the main trends associated with them. In 2006/07 the crime most commonly recorded by the police in England, Scotland and Wales was theft and handling stolen goods. In Northern Ireland it was criminal damage. Between 2006/07 and 2007/08 there was a 10 per cent decrease in the incidence of crime measured by the British Crime Survey (BCS) in England and Wales, from 11.3 million to 10.01 million crimes. Violent crime, which includes assault with or without injury, wounding and robbery, accounted for 2.2 million incidents of all BCS crime in England and Wales in 2007/08. In 2006, 26 per cent of 10-25 year olds in England and Wales were victims of personal crime in the last 12months, including robbery, personal theft and assault either with or without injury. There were 17,300 crimes reported in 2007/08 to the police in England and Wales in which a firearm was used, a 6 per cent decrease from 2006/07. ...read more.

Middle

but more serious crimes � An important indicator of police workload � Provides data for small geographic areas Police-recorded crime and survey-measured crime have different coverage. Unlike crime data recorded by the police, surveys are generally restricted to crimes against adults living in private households and their property and do not include some types of crime such as fraud, murder, and victimless crimes such as drug use, were there is not a direct victim. The number of crimes recorded by the police tends to be lower than that reported by household surveys, this is because the survey respondents identify a large number of offences that have not been reported to the police, reasons for this include the victim feeling the crime was too trivial, there was no loss or that in their view the police would not, or could not, do anything about it. There are many reasons why using official statistics can be useful: they are cheap, easily available, and provide detailed quantitative data which is reliable and often representative. However, Official statistics also have deficiencies, there are many reasons why the police may not take action against all offences which are known to them, police cannot take action against all offences which they identify, and therefore have to prioritize their activities. ...read more.

Conclusion

These insights can lead to a reassessment of the validity of official statistics on crime; the criticisms above suggest that official crime statistics need to be interpreted much more carefully. In some ways the BCS, give a better measure of many types of crime than police-recorded crime statistics. These surveys show the large number of offences that are not reported to the police and also give a more reliable picture of trends, as they are not affected by changes in levels of reporting to the police or by variations in police recording practice. Table .1. Crimes recorded by the Police: by type of offence, 2007/2008 England & Wales Scotland Northern Ireland Theft and handling stolen goods 36 33 23 Theft from vehicles 9 4 3 Theft of vehicles 3 3 3 Criminal damage 21 31 28 Violence against the person 19 3 27 Burglary 12 7 11 Drugs offences 5 11 3 Fraud and forgery 3 2 3 Robbery 2 1 1 Sexual offences 1 1 2 Other offences 1 12 3 All notifiable offences(=100%)(thousands) 4,951 386 108 SOURCE: Home Office; Scottish Government; Police service of Northern Ireland Table .2. SOURCE: British Crime Survey; Home Office http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/about-us/news/crime-stats-2008 www.crimereduction.homeoffice.gov.uk/statistics/statistics066.htm www.justice.gov.uk/publications/docs/stats-prison-pop-aug07.pdf http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Critically evaluate Marxist approaches to crime and deviance.

    the working class, however the rich also commit crimes. It is just that the statistics do not show this, e.g. Maxwell robbed millions from pension, tax evasions etc, so it can be concluded that statistics are unreliable. Being a structural theory, it is overly deterministic, whereby it sees crime as an absolute phenomenon, and doesn't acknowledge its socially constructed nature.

  2. Sociological Theory and Methodology - Crime and Deviance.

    The association between opportunity and class is visible, although there is a meritocracy and the opening for upward mobility the lower the class a person comes from the harder they have to work to reach their goal. Whilst there is still a recognised class system in society, there is always going to be a sharp gradient of life chances.

  1. Critically Examine the Subcultural Approach to Crime and Deviance.

    / oppositional sub-cultures is one in which an explicit link to Mertons' theories is made. In his book "Delinquent Boys", Albert Cohen was particularly concerned to explain two main ideas: Firstly, the predominance of young males in statistics relating to criminal / delinquent behaviour and Secondly, the cause of "non-economic"

  2. Outline and evaluate the usefulness of subcultural approaches to the study of crime and ...

    This means if people socialise with other people who are involved in criminal activities, they are likely to imitate them. Sutherland then suggested that these definitions might vary in Frequency (the number of times the definitions occur), Duration (the length of time), Intensity (the importance of the person making the definition)

  1. Gender Studies

    and enables them to contribute more meaningfully to the socie tal and personal needs. Through the career they engage in productive work, develop skills and talents and find self-fulfillment19 The challenge of work that is valued by the society, gives them a sense of achievement, and a realization of self-worth.

  2. Causes of Crime

    majority of crime does exist among "the projects": "...postcode areas with high levels of poverty tended to have significantly higher levels of parenting deficients such as childe neglect; there is a strong relationship between the level of child neglect/abuse in a postcode area and the level of juvenile participation in

  1. Compare the ways in which crime is presented in Moll Flanders and Roxana?Assess how ...

    However Defoe does make his presences felt in the novels where he expresses his own views towards issues such as marriage; Defoe used the term 'Matrimonial Whoredom'3 to describe women who married men only for financial gain. From this we are given an insight of the character of Defoe through his protagonists.

  2. Can official statistics on crime be trusted?

    Many small crimes are not reported to the police because people may be unaware of it being a crime. Or the police may think that there is no point in keeping a record of the crime as it is a little one, so they don?t take much notice of it as they think it?s a waste of times.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work