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Statistics reveal that there is a stark difference between the attainment of working class children and middle class children in schools. A discussion in the possible reasons for this.

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Helen Manners Statistics reveal that there is a stark difference between the attainment of working class children and middle class children ikn schools. Many reasons for those differences have been suggested, and they fall into two different camps, those internal to the school and those in the wider society. Bordieu claimed that schools were middle class institutions with middle class teachers therefore children know what is excepted of them because it was a similar environment to the one at home. Whereas working class children has different values and attitudes at home so when they enter school they have a cultural defict. Bordieu also claims that working class children have immediate gratifiactaion wheras middle class children have deferred gratification. Immediate gratification is oppositional to the value of the school. ...read more.


Bowles and Gintis claimed that school corresponds to the world of work. They felt there was a hidden curriculum. The middle class children tended to conform to the hidden curriculum because the values are the same as their own. The working class children tended to disobey the hidden curriculum. Bowles and Gintis claimed this was the reason why middle class children performed better at school that working class children. Willis identified pro-school and anti-school subculture. Children who were in the pro-school subculture done as the teacher expected whereas children in the anti-school subculture based school on 'having a laff'. Middle class children tended to be in the pro-school subculture and working class children tended to be in the anti-school subculture. Both social classes respond to schooling in their own ways because of their environment at home and what was expected of them. ...read more.


So an inequality between different social classes is produced. Rosenthal and Jacobson claim that teachers' expectations can significantly affect a students performance. This is the self-fulfilling prophecy. Teachers base their expectations on how they have been labelled therefore an inequality has been produced between different social classes. Neil Keddie claimed that teachers categorised children according to their social background. Middle class children were placed in 'A streamers' and working class children were placed in 'C streamers'. The teachers denied social background affected social background but Keddie found that social background played a major part. This produces an inequality between social classes. Overall there is a huge inequality between social classes that is produced through schools. A number of processes play a part in this. Overall it is shown that middle class children are at an advantage when it comes to school compared to working class children. ...read more.

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