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The changing status of women in employment

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AMENA BEGUM 11:7 GCSE SOCIOLOGY COURSEWORK CONTENTS Introduction Methodology Primary Research The Pilot Study (APPENDIX 1) Pilot Study review Questionnaires- Appendix 2 Interviews- Appendix 3 Secondary Research Internet Article: Does sex make a difference? -Appendix 4 Newspaper Article: Why it's still hard to be a woman- Appendix 5 Government Statistics- Appendix 6 Primary Results Questionnaires: Tables Graphs Interviews: Qualitative results Secondary results Results of newspaper article Results of internet article Results of government statistics Analysis Primary Data Secondary Data Evaluation Bibliography Introduction The subject areas which I have chosen to focus on are work and employment and women. I have chosen these particular areas of sociology because as a female myself I am fascinated by the changing aspirations of women At the beginning of the twentieth century, it was considered that women would orientate to a domestic role, women were to dedicate their life to bearing and nursing children. Women were dependant on men for money and support; they faced discrimination at work and education as many opportunities were barred to them. The women's movement has challenged the conventional stereotype that "a woman's place is in the home," and many women now look beyond the archetypical housewife/mother role as their main role in life. In the last fifty years, the labour market has changed dramatically; women have obtained job opportunities that were previously denied to them. Women constituted 38% of the labour force in 1971 but almost half in 1988 (McDowell 1992) Hypothesis: "Women have more status in employment because it has become more socially acceptable for a woman to put her career before starting a family" I have chosen this hypothesis because I want to find out Aims: 1. If women have achieved equal status with men in employment. 2. If women are putting their careers before starting a family. 3. If this is socially acceptable and if this means that they have equal status in employment. ...read more.


Results: Questionnaires Which age group do you fall into? 16-24 4 25-30 5 30-45 10 45-60 2 Over 60 1 Which of these ethnic groups do you consider you belong to? White Asian or Asian British British 10 Indian 2 Other White background 2 Pakistani 1 Bangladeshi 2 Other Asian background Mixed Black or Black British White and Black Caribbean Caribbean 1 White and Black African African 1 White and Asian 1 Other Black background Other Mixed background 1 Chinese or other ethnic group 1 Chinese Other Marital Status Single 7 Living with partner 6 Divorced 1 Married 7 Involved in relationship 1 Are you in Paid employment? Yes 18 No 4 Do you work: Part time 4 Full Time 14 Seasonal 0 Do you have Children? Yes 6 No 16 How many children do you have? 1 1 2 3 3 2 4 What age group(s) do your children fall into? Under 1 2 1 to 3 0 4 to 7 1 8 to 11 1 12 to 18 2 Over 18 2 Would you take the day off work if your child was sick? Yes 5 No 0 Not sure 1 Number these in order or priority with 1 being the least important and 6 being the most important to you Marriage 4 2 5 1 4 5 1 6 4 2 6 - 6 1 4 1 4 5 4 4 1 5 Children 5 1 4 2 2 6 2 5 6 1 6 - 2 2 2 2 1 6 3 6 2 4 Career 3 6 3 4 5 2 5 3 2 5 4 4 4 4 3 6 6 3 5 2 6 3 Money 1 5 2 3 3 3 4 4 1 3 4 3 5 3 1 4 3 1 6 5 3 1 Family 6 3 6 6 6 4 6 2 3 6 6 5 1 5 6 3 2 4 1 3 5 6 Independence 2 4 1 5 1 ...read more.


This is relevant to aim 3 because it conveys that the primary role of women is still considered to be that of housewife and mother. This data was useful because it provided information on the sexual division of labour and the effect on women's status in employment. Evaluation The hypothesis has been proved because my findings support it. In order to make sure I didn't encounter any problems with the questionnaires I conducted a pilot study to test for any potential problems. However I experience problems regarding question 11 as some respondents did not read the question properly, no.1 was the least important and no, 6 was the most important, but some participants put it the other way round. The response rate for the questionnaire was high; I distributed 25 questions and received 22. Overall the interviews went well but I feel that interviewer bias may have occurred as I sensed some respondents weren't honest with their answers. I also had difficulty in recording the answers; I had to write while the participants were speaking which may have meant that the respondent's answer wasn't fully recorded thus reducing the validity. My results were biased because my respondents were female, I would eliminate this bias by having male respondents and getting their perspective on the role of women in contemporary Britain. I would improve my result by using a larger sampling frame, I would distribute 50 questionnaires and conduct 30 interviews, this would mean that the results would be more reliable. I would use stratified sampling to select the respondents to make sure the results were representative in terms of age because there was only 1 respondent who was over 60. I would also use a dictation machine to record the answers to the interviews which would mean an increase in validity. In conclusion women have more status in employment because it has become more socially acceptable for a woman to put her career before starting a family. ...read more.

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