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The effects of demographics and social divisions on leisure participation. What are the main factors that encourage people to take part in particular leisure activities?

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Introduction

Leisure in Society By Martin Wade The effects of demographics and social divisions on leisure participation What are the main factors that encourage people to take part in particular leisure activities? Max Kaplan in 1975 said: "leisure consists of relatively self - determined activity/experience that falls in to ones free - time roles, that is psychologically pleasant in anticipation and recollection, that potentially covers the whole range of commitment and intensity, that contains characteristics norms and constraints and that provides opportunities for recreation, personal growth and service to others. There are many factors that encourage people to take part in leisure activities. Health implications are one of the main factors. The growing trend for people to be fit and healthy is now bringing more and more people to become involved in leisure activities such has training at local health and fitness clubs, taking part in sporting activities such as football, or simply going for a jog around the local park. I think that this growing trend brings about a lot of felt needs, which are simply what people think they have to do, which for example could be to keep fit and healthy. ...read more.

Middle

Ethnicity Ethnic differences do not necessarily have associations with skin colour. Most ethnic groups will have some leisure activities in conmen with other groups but some are directly related to their own culture. All leisure providers must be aware of structural racism, institutional racism, and individual racism. Sport is often regarded as being one of the least racist leisure areas but there is under or over representation of black people in certain sports- cashmore (1982)attributed this to 'channelling' in schools. Racist practices result in black players occupying peripheral non - central positions in team games - 'stacking' - kew (1994). It result in fewer becoming couches and administrators. Positive action describes policies which counter the effects of discrimination while 'positive discrimination' relates to reserving quotes for ethnic minorities. Structural racism is economic and social discrimination against black people embedded in the structure of society as evidenced in employment, education and housing. Then there is institutional racism. This occurs were institutions maintain practices, procedures and values which operate to perpetuate discrimination against black people. And last of all there is individual racism and this is were the actions and attitudes of an individual to black people support and reproduce discriminatory practices. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is now becoming more and more popular for the older end of the generation to become members of local gyms, and just generally get out more, and do the things that in the past were seen as activities for the young only. This as now started to have an impact on health and fitness clubs and even other smaller gyms that in the past were just interested in attracting young fit people. A lot of these clubs put on special sessions for the older end of the generation for example water aerobics and even things like boxercise! O.K these have been around for a while but now are organised at different levels for example beginner, intermediate, and advanced. At one time classes were at one level only and older people would have found the classes to intense, but now they have the option of going to the beginner classes which are much less intense. Now has time goes on women are becoming more and more interested in keeping fit to, and again health and fitness clubs etc are adapting to this for example, Greens Health and Fitness Club has a women only gym were at one time this would have been un heard of. ...read more.

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