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The Ordinance Survey map of Palmers Green for 1867 shows a small rural hamlet based on the outskirts of London.

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History GCSE Coursework Question 1 The Ordinance Survey map of Palmers Green for 1867 shows a small rural hamlet based on the outskirts of London. It had a few houses clustered around Green lanes and Fox lane and plenty of open undeveloped fields. This land was mostly used for farming. The only means of transport in the area was by horse bus. This however was due to change after 1871 when Palmers Green was included in the route of the Great Northern Railway. This made previously unspoilt country-side more valuable as building land. It also made the area a lot more accessible for people wishing to travel to and from London. From Source B the map of 1896 Palmers Green looks to have been slightly more developed by this stage but does not appear as if it had felt the full effects of the railway. This is probably due to the fact that the powerful land owners from nearby Southgate and Winchmore Hill who owned most of the area had not been tempted to sell their land.However this changed in 1901 when firstly the Powys family and a year later the Taylor family decided to sell their large estates. ...read more.


Question 2 In 1867 as the source maps show Palmers Green was already far less developed than Edmonton. The main reason for this was because the landed gentry that lived there and owned the majority of the land wanted to preserve it. The fact that gentry lived there or in close proximity suggests that it was a respectable area. No gentry lived in Edmonton. This was an area where artisans and clerks lived along side some middle class people. Two main factors impacted the development of Edmonton and Palmers Green into different types of residential area.Firstly the refusal of the wealthy landowners in Southgate and Winchmore Hill to sell their estates until the beginning of the 20th Century although Palmers Green had had a Great Northern Railway station since 1871 and the land therefore was very valuable.Secondly the arrival in Edmonton also in the 1870's of the Great Eastern Railway with the stipulation by Parliament that cheap workmen's fares had to be made available as far north as Enfield Town. This allowed the working classes the option of moving out into a semi-rural surrounding while still being able to afford to commute into the inner city factories and workshops. ...read more.


The number of people suffering from disease in Claremont street was 32 people with diarrhoea and other diseases. The main cause of these health problems was according to Source J the report to the general board of health 1850 that Claremont street had bad drainage and "cleanliness was not a priory". The people who owned the houses did little to make sure their houses were kept clean. The report says that 'Ventilating and cleansing the dwellings of the poorer class are on the lowest scale'. And that 'so much neglect on the part of the owners in making ordinary provisions for cleanliness on the part of the tenants'. Allowing so many people to live in their houses was also irresponsible on their part. Because of the inadequate water supply the tenants themselves rarely washed and this is also attracted disease. The rooms were also badly ventilated which would have allowed the disease to be spread rapidly. Tenants also had to share beds with in one case up to six members of a family sleeping in one bed. This can not be healthy because the sheets I am sure were rarely washed and so were the tenants. The effects must have been not only physical but also mental because it must have been very clauastrophic to share a bed with five other people, every one needs to have their own space. ...read more.

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