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The Origins of Chartism.

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Chartism The Origins of Chartism :- > The chartist movement had developed from lack of equality within the Great Reform Act of 1832. The working class had believed that the parliamentary reform would enable them to have say in their own affairs. > It was apparent that parliament had not intended to extend voting rights to the working class. Hardly any of the working class had been added to the electoral roll. Five out of six males did not have the right to vote (the issue of women had not even been addressed.) > The House of Commons at this point in time did not represent the working people. ...read more.


The people's Charter > The working class had to become more organised and efficient, if they wanted their grievances to be noticed. They believed the House of Commons had a large number of working class MPs. Or at least Mps, which would show more empathy towards the working class. Either way their main aim was to improve conditions, which they used parliament to achieve. But first obtaining the right to vote. > London Working Men's Association formed an alliance with the Birmingham Political Union. Leading to a rapid spread of nationwide movement, that demanded genuine parliamentary reform. Expressing its main aims in the peoples Charter. Which had first been drafted in 1836 and reissued with amendments over 12 years. ...read more.


Resulting in a wave of sticks known as the plug plot. New Move Chartism > Rejection of two petitions made Chartists think, that new ideas and tactics were necessary. Chartism had been divided by two main strategies. The force Chartists- who used direct action. And the moral force- who used peaceful agitation, thinking it would be more effective. > The new move Chartism (1842) marked the development of the moral argument. Emphasizing the need for the working class to improve themselves with the help of education and training. It also stressed the importance of Christian Virtues of honesty, responsibility and sobriety. Playing down Confrontation. > The third petition was prepared. A mass demonstration was to take place marching to Westminster to present the Charter. But the government feared lack of control and so forbade the march. This marked the end of Chartism as a potentially powerful political movement. ...read more.

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