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This paper presents an examination of social policy called 'multiculturalism' in Australia.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Name : C Sountharam. Address : 9/42 John Street, Ashfield, NSW 2131 Email : csountharam@hotmail.com Tel (h) : 61 2 97164827 Module : Family and culture - HAS 2101 Trainer : Kate Hutchinson Assignment : Assignment 2 Topic A : In Australia today family life is shaped by diverse cultural practises. Choose a cultural group in Australia and identify points of difference between the norms and traditions of their culture of origin and those of the dominant Anglo-Celtic culture. Part 2 : Paying particular attention to your chosen cultural Essay Group in an essay of approximately 2000-2500 Words critically analyse the policies and practices of assimilation and evaluate the gains of the policies of multiculturalism. In your essay include any insights gained from your interview and critically reflect upon any assumptions you may have had about your chosen cultural group. How have these assumptions been challenged or reinforced by the interview process? Term : 1 year 2003 Date : 2003-04-27 Topic A: Paying particular attention to your chosen cultural Group in an essay of approximately 2000-2500 words critically analyse the policies and practices of assimilation and evaluate the gains of the policies of multiculturalism. In your essay include any insights gained from your interview and critically reflect upon any assumptions you may have had about your chosen cultural group. ...read more.

Middle

Chettiar community The 'Chettiars' are known as 'Nattukottai' or 'Nagarathar'. Nattukottai Chettiar refers to the community's affluence from the beginning of the 20th century when in India their overseas financial operations proved a great success (Alagappan, P, (year unknown)).Those Chettiars who accumulated huge fortunes as a result of their business enterprise in Burma, built huge homes in their ancestral village homes in India. Hence, 'Nattukottai' means mansions , which literally means 'country forts'. The other name Nagarathar means those who belong to a trading community.The image of the 'Chettiars' as a community of religious, honest and frugal people also derives from their close association with the temples. The rules governing the 'Chettiar' community of economic interest, language, worship, caste association and descent, have divided them from others ( Narayanaswamy, (year unknown)). The Chettiar community forms a small part of the Australian population are first wave immigrants (Response from interview- RFI). This community is an influential, wealthy Indian community from India. Their cultural and traditional values, expectations, social norms and family structure have preserved the community as whole. Mostly migrants in Australia from the 'Chettiar' community are skilled professionals and students. A Majority of Australian residents of Indian background are from Sri Lanka and Fiji and more likely 'refugee' rather than skilled professionals or students. ...read more.

Conclusion

The common parental solution particularly in a female's case is sending her to India and getting her married to preserve traditions. In a male's case by sending him to a hostel in India or placing him under the care of relatives in India to reinforce the traditional Chettiar values (RFI). The common parental injunction to children is obedience to elders at all stages of life, remaining close to families, upholding the traditions, performing religious and cast related social duties, marrying within the caste keep to keep the family in good standing (RFI).This represents the ideal traditional Chettiar values. In Australia the impact of modernization and western culture are eroding such values. Therefore, many parents are making an effort to forge compromises between their values and the prevailing Australian mores. In conclusion, Chettiar families in Australia vary in terms of the length of time they have to live in Australia. The Chettiar family in second generation is becoming Chettiar and Australian, blending into a new image related to youth culture and roles in the family and community. It is through the family that culture and practices are evolving with a new meaning for Chettiar Australians. Research is greatly needed to identify the issues and concerns of the emerging skilled population;and for young people in families who migrate and who face conflicts about specific cultural beliefs. ...read more.

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