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To what extent have roles of husband and wife changed over the last 40 years?

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Introduction

GCSE Sociology To what extent have roles of husband and wife changed over the last 40 years? It is with out question that roles of men and women have changed over the last forty years; but in the household today, it is questionable whether these changes have affected the roles and norms of work carried out in and around the home. This essay will underline all the facts and figures about 'who does what' around the home in terms of husband, wife or even children. To collect first hand evidence of this issue, I decided to interview an elderly couple, who have experienced a lot of changes, not just in the household, but over their lifetime. Over the last forty years, there have been clear divisions between domestic tasks in the home. This is called segregated conjugal roles. This topic has been carried out throughout history, but began to die down after the two world wars. Before this time, women were expected to stay at home to raise children, clean, wash clothes, cook, and supply the needs for her children and husband. The male was expected to go out and work either on the farms, or now a days, for business, to bring home a sufficient family income. ...read more.

Middle

Another aspect of education in this issue is that women are getting far more, better grades then men in the world today, and so there are more jobs, available for women. Lastly, technology in the home is an important issue, which has made family life for men and women, much easier. Today, there are machines, which will wash and dry clothes, cook food, clean dishes and even create entertainment to make family life of the cohabiting couple easier. Because of this new ease of housework, men are more willing to pull in and help bung clothes into the machine. But if there was no such facility they would be prone to 'run away' from the thought of having to wash, dry, and iron clothes. A relevant issue talked about in the sociological world is the rates of pay and the number of job opportunities open for women compared with the jobs on offer forty, sixty and even one hundred years ago. People believe the women get paid for this role in society, which they do, but an even bigger job at home awaits them. This job is not paid, when they return from a hard, long day - Housework or 'domestic labour' This domestic chore is hardly seen as a real job because, housework involves women cleaning up their own families. ...read more.

Conclusion

The increase in women's jobs has forced men to look after children. With the declining rates of classic extended families means there is less pressure brought on by kin on newly married or cohabiting couples. There are many other reasons, as well as the technology in the home, the 'Women's movement', and the decline in family sizes. All of which are mentioned earlier in the essay. In terms of 'who does what?' Data from the British Social Attitudes Survey, 1992 shows that 79% of washing and ironing is done by women, compared to the 2% of men and 18% share equally. 70% of women cook, prepare and decide what to have for the evening meal, compared to the 8% of men. All these figure are relatively the same in household cleaning, organisation and looking after children. Men tend to carry out the household repairs by 82% but is this really enough? So, overall, as I have said, roles in the family are slowly but surely becoming more equal and fair. I think this is because of the change in women. This change is likely to continue as new generations of children will see their parents sharing tasks and carry this type of role model into adulthood. ?? ?? ?? ?? Daniel Borlase 10Md GCSE Sociology- Changes in Men and women around the home ...read more.

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