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war oppertunities for women

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What new opportunities did the Second World War offer to women? The Second World War was the beginning of something very special for women in the 19th century. Many opportunities were offered at the end of the War, as women had shown their country the extents of their capability and that they had the ability to go far. This was due to attitudes such as " We've all been shaken out of our ruts and we have all got to show what we are made of today as never before.", as shown by the " Girls' own Paper". During the War it was assumed that women would stand up and volunteer themselves to take up the jobs left by men away to fight for their country. However volunteering was at a low, and so it came to be that women between the ages of 19 and 40 were required by law to register with the Labour exchange where they were assigned to a job suited to their capabilities. In 1943 the maximum age was raised to 50. Worth noting, is that married women with children under fourteen were exempt from this requirement, but were still encouraged to work on a voluntary basis. A woman named Margery Corbett Ashby" was concerned that voluntary work was contributing to unemployment and critical of the lack of women in responsible positions." ...read more.


They felt that men had a cheek to come back after so many years and just take over again, after everything they had been through. The cr�ches which were once funded by the Government used as an incentive to encourage women to go to work were abolished, so that women had to stay in the home. The Government also funded scientific research which would prove that children, without their mothers at home with them, were slower at developing and sad, making the women feel guilty and again, stay at home. After the War many women were congratulated for their bravery and successful work. Four women were awarded the " George Cross", a medal to reward their bravery, one women for saving an RAF pilot's life during a bombing, others for just as heroic acts. Many more jobs were becoming available to women after the Second World War, although not every one paid as well as some women had probably hoped. Factories producing cotton, rayon and nylon, were among other industries keen to recruit, and keep women in their workforce. The number of female clerical and administrative workers significantly increased, as well as numbers in the Women's Land Army. This included professions such as nursing the sick, midwifery and primary teaching. In "A Century of Women" Sheila Rowbothman tells us about a woman called Marguerite Morgan a mother of three in Coventry. ...read more.


university was being made available for all women due to the Eugenics Education Society who decided that "inadequate mothering was a result of inherited low intelligence." This gave many the opportunities to gain skills and learn information they thought they would never have the chance to learn. It also resulted in an educated generation of women during the 1950's-1960's.Even the number of female doctors, teachers and lawyers significantly increased as they were now able to work full time even after they married. Women were being encouraged to go to university alongside the men to earn a proper education and degrees so that their quality of future would be bettered. Part time work was introduced to encourage women with young families as she would still be able to look after her family, but she would have the independence of having her own job, somewhere she could escape to when domestic life got too much for her. As we can see, opportunities for women after the Second World War had significantly improved from what they had previously been. Work placements were easier for women to come by, as they were being encouraged to become educated, something which before the War was never considered. Women were becoming noticed for their hard work and efforts, and were being rewarded with these new opportunities. They had come a long way, however it would be a long time before women would ever been seen as equals to men. ...read more.

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